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What Advice Did Our Founders and First Presidents Offer On Preserving Our Democracy?

What Advice Did Our Founders and First Presidents Offer On Preserving Our Democracy? by Bill Honig

In today’s political arena many of the basic tenets of our democracy are being challenged  and there is evidence that too many young people (and adults) are not attaching to democratic ideas and responsibilities.  It is fitting on President’s day that Americans should revisit the ideas, warnings, and advice of our first leaders. They understood that governance resting on popular consent was a huge gamble since no previous efforts at creating a successful democracy had survived. The effort would be difficult and would require continued vigilance by each generation of citizens and political representatives to last.

Our early leaders were very specific about what was necessary for our great democratic experience to endure and tried to inoculate the country against three main dangers:  Majority rule degenerating into anarchy from irreconcilable conflicts, growing inequality re-instating oligarchy and corruption, and the democracy succumbing to tyranny from fear-based and dishonest demagoguery.

Building on the colonists experience in self-governing churches and local government they proposed a constitution based on representative government and majority rule which built a structure for the separation of powers, federalism, periodic elections to hold government accountable, and protections for individuals and the democratic system enshrined in our Bill of Rights.  That was their first line of defense against our democracy failing.

But Madison, Jefferson, Adams, Hamilton and Franklin also knew that the structure of government was necessary but not sufficient. They and those that followed made several other crucial suggestions. Citizens needed to be well-versed in democratic ideals and experience, willing to participate, exercise self-discipline and be law-abiding, and develop the habits of tolerance and democratic deliberation. Representatives needed to respect our institutions and be accountable for their actions and veracity.

James Kloppenberg in his masterful recent book, Toward Democracy chronicles the development of democratic ideas and beliefs culminating in the creation and subsequent development of our country. He found three main themes and three supportive ideas which are helpful in understanding how best to fight for and protect our democratic ideals.

First, representative government deriving from “the people” and how that could work was evidenced in our Constitution. The founders were aware of the danger of quick but misguided action and created mechanisms to increase deliberation and spread power such as an independent judiciary both at the national and state level. They also were cognizant of the tension between majority rule and the rights of minorities and individuals and attempted to balance those interests. They also knew that some protections against government were crucial for individuals and for the system to work such as a free press to hold those in government accountable and root out corruption, mendacity, and self-dealing, free speech for the free exchange of ideas, free expression of religion and a proscription of the government establishing one religion, due process, a fair and equal administration of our laws, and that everyone, even the president, should be subject to our laws. They thought that citizens and representatives must understand and value the legitimacy of these structures.

Second, increasing liberty or autonomy of individuals was a key purpose of our democracy. Free individual choices and spheres of action and protection from overbearing government or repressive majorities was part of it. But they were also aware of the dangers of untrammeled self-interest, ignoring the common good, and a lack of the individual self-discipline needed for a free democracy to survive.

Third, equality or respecting the humanity and brotherhood of all citizens, in practice limited at first, but setting the stage for the struggle for legal, political, social, and economic equality for all (liberty and justice for all from our Pledge of Allegiance). The history of the 228 years since our constitution was adopted has been the slow struggle in fits and starts and backsliding to broaden the definition of “We, the People”

The founders also believed that three other habits and beliefs were crucial for a democracy to survive.

First, a commitment to democratic deliberation. Most of our founders were well aware of the religious wars in Europe and oppressive countries which only tolerated one set of beliefs. In a successful democracy truth and policies should arise from discussion which necessitated respect for opponents, listening, and supporting decisions resulting from democratic deliberations.

Second, pluralism and tolerance of diverse groups—religious, racial, ethnic, national origin, class, and regional. The United States is attempting something unique in human history. A large country composed of diverse interests and groups comprised of the world’s populations who find enough common purpose to sustain a democracy. This goal requires a higher stage of ethical behavior than in more homogeneous countries. It is human nature to identify with our respective groups and become hostile to others and our country has gone through decades of racial, religious, gender, national origin, sexual orientation, and class prejudice, hostility, and legal discrimination even in the face of our democratic ideals. Keeping group ties while being tolerant and respectful of others is a difficult but crucial task for our country. This mission is undermined by leaders who appeal to group hatred which dishonors a basic principle of our heritage.

Our founders and first presidents confronted the dilemma of slavery knowing that slavery violated the democratic principles of representative government, liberty, and equality on which our country was created. It wasn’t until Lincoln and the Civil war finally determined that the continued existence of slavery sullied the ethical component to democracy and established that the idea that majority rules could mean a majority could oppress one group of humans (Stephen Douglas’s position in the Lincoln/Douglas debates) was morally unacceptable. It took another 100 years for equality and fair political and legal treatment to be established in reality by the Civil Rights movement—a position we are still struggling with. Similar efforts were made for other repressed groups such as women, ethnic and religious minorities, and gays and the working class.

Finally, Kloppenberg, enshrines the founders belief in idea of reciprocity as an essential ingredient of successful democracies. Our founders understood the importance to a democracy of the religious belief that all individuals were equal before God, the central Christian doctrine of love, (Love your neighbor as yourself) and the ubiquitous belief in the Golden Rule. In a democracy citizens must accept the underlying humanity, legitimacy, and significance of all even while disagreeing on specific policies. The founders thought that in successful democracies majorities didn’t try to crush their opponents but saw the importance of continued debate with them to reach better solutions.

Our country almost disintegrated in the harsh political atmosphere of the 1790’s. After flirting with wholesale demonization and false accusations of the opposition both Jefferson and Adams and their followers relented and the “era of good feelings” occurred with the election of Jefferson. Years later, Lincoln in his first Inaugural Address asked the South to discuss not fight and appealed to the “better angels of our nature” and when the war appeared won in his Second Inaugural was not vindictive to Southerners as many in the North wished but advocated reconciliation. (with malice towards none, with charity for all)

Our founders also strongly believed that an educated citizenry was essential to the success of a democracy to counteract the belief that the lack of education and perspective made people susceptible to demagogic appeals and unable to fully participate in democratic deliberations. Most importantly, each new generation needed to be well-versed and attached to democratic ideas, democratic history, democratic habits, and a willingness to participate in self-government and engage in ethical self-discipline. An educated citizenry was viewed as a key bulwark for democracy.

Our early leaders eventually proposed free public education as a necessary component to allow our democracy to succeed. This idea that the government not solely parents should provide a common education and that all citizens should pay for the education of children not their own was unsuccessfully resisted by many in the 19th century as public education became widespread.  Those advocating for the importance of a “common schools” won the debate. (Some people today want to re-litigate the issue decrying “government schools”, supporting large cuts for public schools, and advocating privatizing of public education.)

Benjamin Franklin when asked by a women after the Constitutional Convention what kind of government they decided on “a republic or a monarchy” he quickly replied “A republic if you can keep it.” Lincoln in his immortal Gettysburg address alluded to the fragile nature of our democracy and that our devotion to a continued effort to perfect our ideals of freedom and equality was necessary so that “government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth”. That fight goes on.

Bill Honig was Superintendent of Public Instruction in California from 1983-1993. He is currently Vice-Chair of the California Instructional Quality Commission which develops K-12 content frameworks and reviews instructional materials for the California State Board of Education. That board recently adopted a History/Social Science framework which incorporates many of the ideas in this article.

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administrator, policymaker, elected official, professor, and educational
entrepreneur. My perspective and beliefs about what we should and should not
be doing to improve our schools have been forged from experiences and study
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Comments 7/28/18-8/11/18

Build and Support Best Practices

The crucial importance of high-quality curriculum and instructional materials in school improvement efforts. https://edexcellence.net/articles/curriculum-and-education-policy?utm_source=National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=96b61bdb73-20160918_LateLateBell9_16_2016_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-96b61bdb73-71635837&mc_cid=96b61bdb73&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Fordham Institute: Reading and Writing Instruction in America’s schools. https://edexcellence.net/publications/reading-and-writing-instruction-in-americas-schools

What makes a good school culture? http://view.email.kqed.org/?qs=49530552f0d0dee2f72c990e1160e4458d82ad8fc66ea1abed991e61b475b8e41aa96b09f3f1fb24e6b757a5e968b7f750590e5706303b26e77a251ce8043adb0d65a347114b2f0b

Five best practices of successful school-site professional development. https://www.eschoolnews.com/2018/08/01/how-to-deliver-pl-that-really-works/?all

From the Learning Policy Institute Blog: Fifty Years of Pursuing the Promise of Equal Educational Opportunity by Arthur Wise. https://mailchi.mp/learningpolicyinstitute/new-on-the-lpi-blog-fifty-years-of-pursuing-the-promise-of-equal-educational-opportunity?e=3c7c266c2f

Seven major issues with existing personalized learning programs by Peter Greene http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2018/07/7-requirementsd-to-launch-personalized.html and a review by Larry Cuban https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/07/31/too-personalized-peter-greene/

Charters, Vouchers, and Privatization

National Education Policy Center: Virtual Charter Schools are a Sham and Waste Taxpayers’ Dollars https://nepc.colorado.edu/publication/newsletter-virtual-schools-073118

Jeff Bryant: If you are against privatizing social security you should be alarmed at this new scheme aimed at public schools. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/democrats-who-opposed-privatizing-social-security-should-be-alarmed-by-a-new-scheme-aimed-at-public-schools/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-democrats-who-opposed-privatizing-social-security-should-be-alarmed-by-a-new-scheme-aimed-at-public-schools&email_referrer=email_394708&email_subject=democrats-who-opposed-privatizing-social-security-should-be-alarmed-by-a-new-scheme-aimed-at-public-schools

Our schools should not be for sale. https://www.salon.com/2015/05/09/education_reforms_big_lie_the_real_reason_the_right_has_declared_war_on_our_public_schools/

New Group Created by Rightwing Foundations to Promote More Charters in Cities by Chalkbeat, NY. The group is raising $200 million to promote the failed “portfolio” model. https://chalkbeat.org/posts/us/2018/07/31/new-group-forms-with-big-names-and-200-million-to-push-for-the-portfolio-model/

An honest look in the New Yorker at one New Orleans charter school’s dilemma in facing the realities of a market driven system by a board member of the school. https://www.newyorker.com/business/currency/what-new-orleans-tells-us-about-the-perils-of-putting-schools-on-the-free-market?t-public-schools&email_referrer=email_394708&email_subject=democrats-who-opposed-privatizing-social-security-should-be-alarmed-by-a-new-scheme-aimed-at-public-schools

Mitchell Robinson: Charter schools have caused more harm than good in Michigan. Instead of opening more of them here’s what we should do. https://www.bridgemi.com/guest-commentary/opinion-charter-schools-have-done-more-harm-good-michigan

Another in the growing number of studies showing student’s receiving vouchers actually lose ground. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/pam.22086

Diane Ravitch reports on a new Ohio organization formed to support public schools and fight “privatization, theft, and greed. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/08/07/ohio-a-great-new-organization-has-been-launched-to-fight-privatization-theft-and-greed/

Ohio Taxpayers Charged $7.7 Million to Renovate Charter-School Building Valued at $2.4 Million http://www.dispatch.com/news/20180729/ohio-taxpayers-paid-77-million-to-renovate-charter-school-building-valued-at-24-million

Diane Ravitch post an article by teacher Angie Sullivan: Everybody Is Laughing at Nevada and Its Failing Charter Schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/07/29/angie-sullivan-everybody-is-laughing-at-nevada-and-its-failing-charter-schools/

Diane Ravitch reports on the buying and selling of failed charter schools to other large charter organizations. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/08/10/this-is-what-privatization-looks-like-schools-bought-and-sold/ and a proposed charter school in a small rural area would devastate the existing the existing public school. Negative impact should be part of the criteria for whether a charter school is approved. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/08/10/california-how-a-charter-school-will-harm-one-small-public-school/

“Reform” Foibles

Jennifer Berkshire and Jack Schneider podcast: Fear-Based “Reform” Doesn’t Work https://dianeravitch.net/2018/08/05/jennifer-berkshire-and-jack-schneider-fear-based-reform-doesnt-work/

The top ten reasons why teacher evaluation by student test scores has failed. https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2018/08/06/top-10-reasons-you-cant-fairly-evaluate-teachers-on-student-test-scores/

Jan Resseger reviews the AFT report on a decade of neglect of public schools by many states. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/08/03/jan-resseger-on-a-decade-of-neglect/

Jan Resseger comments on a PBS report on the massive closing of Chicago public schools causing death and destruction of student’s lives. Without a neighborhood school many students fearful of traveling to other areas just didn’t attend school. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2018/08/10/16996/

Tom Ultican has had it with right-wing screeds against teachers and their unions. https://tultican.com/2018/08/08/ugly-teachers-union-smear-from-spn-network/

Peter Greene: The fall of a self-promoting “reformer”. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2018/08/ct-steve-perry-fizzles.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

July Comments 7/16-7/28

 

Build and Support

What states are doing to beef up civics education and engagement. https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2018/07/21/624267576/what-your-state-is-doing-to-beef-up-civics-education

Civics overhaul in Massachusetts nears completion. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/curriculum/2018/07/massachusetts_action_civics_projects_legislation.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=curriculummatters

Principals say they want coaching not compliance from the central office. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/District_Dossier/2018/07/principals_leadership_coaching_feedback.html

Learning Policy Institutes review of Bruce Baker’s research report on How Money Matters for public schools. https://learningpolicyinstitute.org/product/how-money-matters-brief?utm_source=LPI+Master+List&utm_campaign=1819a0ddab-LPIMC_MoneyMatters_WholeChild_20180718&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_7e60dfa1d8-1819a0ddab-42289731

AFT chronicles a decade of massive underfunding of public schools. https://www.aft.org/sites/default/files/decade-of-neglect-2018.pdf

Diane Ravitch on how a problem based curriculum increases performance more then test prep. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/07/27/new-york-district-on-long-island-shows-that-problem-based-curriculum-produces-better-results-than-test-prep/

Fragmented curriculum shortchanges students. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/education/wp/2018/07/17/the-importance-of-asking-hard-questions-about-what-students-learn-in-school/?utm_term=.ce2431ad9017

Fordham’s report on the state of reading and writing instruction in the US. https://edexcellence.net/publications/reading-and-writing-instruction-in-americas-schools

Seven things research does and does not reveal about AP courses. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2018/07/19/seven-things-research-reveals-and-doesnt-about-advanced-placement/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.62a4c828cec8

 

Charter, Voucher, and Privatization Issues

Charter schools in Massachusetts temper “no excuses” approach. http://www.wbur.org/edify/2018/06/20/massachusetts-charter-schools-scores-discipline

Mercedes Schneider on the slowdown of growth of charter schools due to increased charter school closures. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2018/07/18/uh-oh-net-charter-school-growth-slows-as-rate-of-charter-closures-increases/

Diane Ravitch on an insider’s view of the hoax of school choice in North Carolina. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/07/19/north-carolina-an-insider-on-the-hoax-of-school-choice/

Diane Ravitch on how the head of Ohio’s ECOT virtual charter chain embezzled millions, paid off legislators, and escaped the punishment due him. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/07/16/ecot-and-payoffs-to-ohio-politicians-how-to-avoid-any-accountability/

NYC’s Success Academy’s  tribulations—huge salary for Moscowitz https://dianeravitch.net/2018/07/16/nyc-charter-ceos-get-huge-paychecks/ and 70% of its high-school teachers https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2018/07/24/eva-moskowitzs-success-academy-high-school-faculty-70-gone-in-a-single-year/ left this year.

Thomas Ultican on how charters and vouchers ruined public education in Milwaukee. https://tultican.com/2018/07/23/end-of-public-schools-in-milwaukee/

Deutsch29 argues that the almost all-charter school district in New Orleans is not a better way to run schools. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2018/07/19/almost-all-charter-new-orleans-not-a-better-way-to-run-schools/ and https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2018/07/20/do-not-follow-new-orleans-lead-on-charter-school-education/ See also https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2018/07/22/how-to-make-new-orleans-market-ed-reform-a-success-hide-rsd-failure-inside-an-opsb-rsd-data-blend/ and https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2018/07/17/16858/comment-page-1/#comment-9979

Jeff Bryant warns progressives about the renewed push for charter schools. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/a-new-push-for-charter-schools-should-anger-progressives-heres-why/

After adjusting for income private school students do no better than their traditional public school counterparts. https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2018/07/20/wealth-not-enrollment-in-private-school-increases-student-achievement-according-to-new-study/  Private schools’ enrollment is more affluent. https://www.educationnext.org/who-goes-private-school-long-term-enrollment-trends-family-income/

Tom Ultican on how privatization is invading the San Juaquin Valley https://tultican.com/2018/07/15/san-joaquin-valley-in-the-dpe-crosshairs/

Larry Cuban on how definitions of success have change over time. https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/07/28/yes-definitions-of-success-and-failure-in-schooling-have-changed-over-time-part-2/

 

Technology and Personalized Learning

Larry Cuban on the strengths and weaknesses of personalized learning. https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/07/17/personalized-learning-and-personalized-medicine-part-2/

Summit spreads its personalized learning curriculum. https://edsource.org/2018/charter-school-network-spreads-personalized-learning-model-nationwide/600198#utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email

 

Reform Foibles

Marc Tucker on the testing tragedy in the US. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/top_performers/2018/07/the_testing_tragedy.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=top_performers and how negative narratives not facts harm schools. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/top_performers/2018/07/how_stories_more_than_facts_shape_the_possibilities_for_education_reform.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=top_performers

NAACP now opposes high-stakes testing. https://cloakinginequity.com/2018/07/17/%e2%80%aabreaking-news-naacp-now-opposing-high-stakes-testing/

The sad story of the failure of the Tennessee Achievement School District. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2018/07/18/the-unsinkable-asd/

Carol Burris on the fiasco of the Gates teacher evaluation project. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/07/18/carol-burris-the-definitive-account-of-bill-gatess-disastrous-teacher-evaluation-project/

Rick Hess slams Arne Duncan’s tribute to “reforms” as lessons not learned. https://www.educationnext.org/arne-duncan-unlearned-lessons-how-schools-work-secretary-education-book-review/

Comments 5/20-6/1/18 (June/July below)

Civics

Larry Cuban reports on the Democracy Prep charter chain which is emphasizing civic education. https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/05/20/democracy-prep-no-excuses-schools-that-build-citizens/

Public School Support

Democrats unveil plan to support teachers. https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2018/05/22/chuck-schumer-nancy-pelosi-democrats-better-deal-teachers-america-column/629509002/

Eunice Han finds that teacher unions result in higher teacher quality. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/05/25/eunice-han-teachers-unions-improve-teacher-quality/

What it’s like to teach in an underfunded school. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/05/30/oklahoma-what-it-is-like-to-teach-in-an-underfunded-school/

Marc Tucker on comprehensive school improvement. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/top_performers/2018/05/most_students_arent_on_grade_level_heres_what_to_do_about_it.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=top_performers

 

Perils of Reforms

Low or negative results for students of closed schools while large increases in community damage. https://consortium.uchicago.edu/sites/default/files/publications/School%20Closings%20in%20Chicago-May2018-Consortium.pdf

It’s time to revamp teacher evaluation. https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2018/05/16/teacher-evaluation-is-stuck-in-the-past.html

The result of closing 50 schools in Chicago in one day: No measurable outcome improvements but widespread sorrow. http://www.chicagonow.com/chicago-public-fools/2018/05/in-the-wake-of-the-mass-school-closings-one-measurable-result/

Larry Cuban on reforms and technology: skeptic or cynic. https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/05/31/skeptic-or-cynic-an-interview/

Curriculum and Instruction

England finds organized phonics instruction to be crucial for disadvantaged children. https://edexcellence.net/articles/how-phonics-instruction-affects-disadvantaged-children?utm_source=National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=78badad173-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_05_23&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-78badad173-71635837&mc_cid=78badad173&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Charter and Voucher Problems

Peter Greene on the differences between charter schools and traditional pubic schools. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2018/05/public.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Jeff Bryant on why a proposed NC charter school plan should alarm the nation. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/new-charter-school-plan-should-alarm-the-nation/?link_id=2&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-new-charter-school-plan-should-alarm-the-nation&email_referrer=email_362293&email_subject=new-charter-school-plan-should-alarm-the-nation

A new federal evaluation of the DC voucher program finds that students who used vouchers lost ground in math. https://www.chalkbeat.org/posts/us/2018/05/29/dcs-private-school-voucher-program-hurt-low-income-students-math-test-scores-according-to-federal-study/

Marc Tucker finds no evidence that charter management organizations are a laboratory for more effective school systems. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/top_performers/2018/05/are_charter_management_companies_a_laboratory_for_effective_school_systems.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=top_performers

Who is to blame for Ohio’s 1 billion dollar ECOT virtual school boondoggle? https://dianeravitch.net/2018/05/25/stephen-dyer-who-is-to-blame-for-ohios-1-billion-ecot-boondoggle/

A parent education advocate on what is wrong with charter schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/05/29/whats-wrong-with-charter-schools-a-short-explanation-for-the-uninitiated/

June/July Comments 6/1/18-7/15/18

Public School Support

The Center for American Progress makes the case for increasing teacher’s salaries. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/education-k-12/reports/2018/06/14/452130/fact-sheet-yes-increase-salaries-teachers/

Low teacher salaries and how we got there. https://www.erstrategies.org/tap/low_teacher_salaries_101?utm_campaign=ERS%20Newsletters&utm_source=hs_email&utm_medium=email&utm_content=63969625

 

Curriculum, Instruction, and School Organization

From me. If you get a chance, take a look at Paul Cobb and his co-authors’ book, Systems for Instructional Improvement. This book is a must read for what it actually takes to improve instruction at the school and district level and where things go wrong. Even though the context is middle grade math using a more constructivist math program, the lessons learned apply to any proposed strategy for improvement or use of materials. According to the Math in Common folks (a large, foundation funded math improvement effort in California) the  Cobb findings are consistent with what they have witnessed.

Here is a synopsis of the book:

This is the best, most sophisticated, and specific book I have seen on what it takes to build comprehensive and coherent instructional improvement which works at the school level. Their report is highly specific on issues of translating theory into practice. The project distills all we have been discussing on school implementation of instructional improvement, team building, equity, and continuous improvement. This book should be read by all  of us who are interested in implementation 2.0.

The setting is a four year effort (MIST) in four districts, with an additional four years in two of the districts, focused on middle grades math using Connected Math in three districts and as a supplement in the fourth. (The lessons learned should apply to other materials, other grades, and other subjects).They go into detail on building a coherent strategy of teaching improvement resting on (1) effective and ineffective pull-out professional development on deep math understanding and practice, pedagogical understanding and practice, and beliefs that all students can master and learn from posed problems and how to facilitate that; (2) effective and ineffective coaching; (3) effective and ineffective collaborative team building; and (4) teacher advice networks all reinforcing each other. They examine what worked, what didn’t and why, and what got in the way of improvement efforts. They also delve into the districts role in supporting these efforts especially resources, time, principal (and teacher leader) leadership, and line/staff/departments coordination..

The book is also full of the latest relevant research and where new research needs to occur. It is consistent with the findings of the Math in Common folks (a large California math improvement effort).

My only concern is how complex strategies need to be to produce results, how difficult it is to make these specific strategies effective, and how to develop the expertise and commitments to pull this off. This project, MIST, had top-level researchers and practitioners, a long time period, and continuity of district support and still a great many of the efforts were not that productive. Let’s get some of or group to read this before the presentation by the MIST people, and the set a time for more thorough discussion of how these ideas could be operationalized.

 

In the same vein an article arguing that investment in teacher professional development is the best way to improve math scores. https://edsource.org/2018/san-francisco-school-finds-key-to-raising-math-scores-teacher-training/599874?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email and challenging myths about learning resulted in improved performance (as the Cobb book finds also). http://www.mdpi.com/2227-7102/8/3/98?utm_source=Youcubed+Updates&utm_campaign=4a92545d45-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_07_10_04_47&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_230e567c40-4a92545d45-162750277

Michael Petrilli argues for the importance of a strong curriculum and effective instructional materials as  key elements in improving schools. https://edexcellence.net/articles/why-dont-districts-do-the-easy-things-to-improve-student-learning?utm_source=National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=eb53d07375-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_20_04_21&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-eb53d07375-71635837&mc_cid=eb53d07375&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

State school chiefs advocate for a strong curriculum. https://edexcellence.net/articles/education-chiefs-believe-we-should-pay-closer-attention-to-curriculum?utm_source=National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=82a16656d0-20160918_LateLateBell9_16_2016_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-82a16656d0-71635837&mc_cid=82a16656d0&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Morgan Polikoff agrees and argues for extensive use of quality instructional materials. The Challenges of Curriculum Materials as a Reform Lever. https://www.brookings.edu/research/the-challenges-of-curriculum-materials-as-a-reform-lever/

States should collect more data on what curriculum districts and schools are using. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/curriculum/2018/06/should_states_collect_textbook_info.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=curriculummatters

English learners excel after becoming proficient. https://k-12daily.org/curriculum-instruction/english-learners-excel-after-becoming-proficient

NPR: Let’s Stop Talking About the 30 Million Word Gap. https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2018/06/01/615188051/lets-stop-talking-about-the-30-million-word-gap

Pam Burdman’s new organization for effective alternative pathways for high/school mathematics. https://justequations.org/

Teach statistics not calculus.https://www.richmond.com/business/christine-chmura/economic-impact-statistics-not-calculus-more-in-demand-by-employers/article_39129efb-3103-519b-bd10-eb4ec47e8fca.html

How a school in Chicago boosted math scores by focusing early on math understanding and language. https://hechingerreport.org/how-to-boost-math-skills-in-the-early-grades/

Marc Tucker question’s the effectiveness of unrestricted school autonomy. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/top_performers/2018/06/school_autonomy_isnt_the_cure-all_you_might_think_it_is.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=top_performers

Marc Tucker reviews the new British Columbia curriculum and finds much to praise. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/top_performers/2018/06/british_columbias_curriculum_a_glimpse_of_the_future.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=top_performers

High-school grades are a better predictor of college performance than SAT or ACT scores. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/06/17/research-high-school-grade-point-average-is-a-better-predictor-of-college-success-than-sat-or-act/

Julian Heilig argues that community schools are a tried and true alternative to charter schools. https://cloakinginequity.com/2018/07/05/is-this-a-tried-and-true-alternative-to-charter-schools/

A great new site for free open education materials. https://im.openupresources.org/   They are offering a very effective 6-8 math program from Illustrative Mathematics which was the highest rated math program ever reviewed by EdReports.

 

Civics

Democratic core values belong in schools. http://blogs.edweek.org/teachers/teacher_in_a_strange_land/2018/06/do_core_democratic_values_belong_in_schools.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=teacherinastrangeland

A major report on civics in schools by the Brown Center. https://www.brookings.edu/multi-chapter-report/the-2018-brown-center-report-on-american-education/

The Democracy Project report: Overwhelming numbers of Americans believe that democracy is the best form of government but most believe it is getting weaker. https://www.democracyprojectreport.org/report#paragraph-85

Parkland student’s activism traced to strong civics program. https://washingtonmonthly.com/2018/03/05/the-civic-education-program-that-trained-the-parkland-student-activists/

MindShift on how social studies can help young kids make sense of the world. https://www.kqed.org/mindshift/?utm_medium=Email&utm_source=ExactTarget&utm_campaign=20180715MindshiftNewsletterSubscribers&mc_key=00Qi000001WzO2NEAV

 

Charters, Vouchers, Privatization and Defunding of Public Schools

A major new study published in Education Researcher finds that private school performance is no better than public school performance when adjusted for demographics. http://journals.sagepub.com/stoken/default+domain/XfYmtC25VddcCfbA3xiV/full

Jeff Bryant reports on which states are abandoning public education. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/new-report-reveals-which-states-are-abandoning-public-schools/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-new-report-reveals-which-states-are-abandoning-public-schools&email_referrer=email_373699&email_subject=new-report-reveals-which-states-are-abandoning-public-schools

Diane Ravitch’s op ed in the Washington Post on how charters are leading to an unhealthy divide in US education. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/charter-schools-are-leading-to-an-unhealthy-divide-in-american-education/2018/06/22/73430df8-7016-11e8-afd5-778aca903bbe_story.html?utm_term=.f6a72aa8be4e

Jan Resseger reports on how charter schools deplete public school revenue in Ohio. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2018/06/20/16595/

A similar article in the Washington Post on the decimation of public education in Indiana. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2018/07/12/whats-really-going-on-in-indianas-public-schools/?utm_term=.e735f6b1cf3f&wpisrc=nl_answer&wpmm=1

A similar report on how charters are eroding San Antonio’s public school system. https://therivardreport.com/charter-takeovers-erode-san-antonios-public-school-system/

Jeremy Mohler: Charter Schools Are NOT Progressive, They Are a Way to Disinvest in Public Schools https://dianeravitch.net/2018/06/24/jeremy-mohler-charter-schools-are-not-progressive-they-are-a-way-to-disinvest-in-public-schools/

Who is behind the movement to privatize our public schools? https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2018/05/30/what-and-who-is-fueling-the-movement-to-privatize-public-education-and-why-you-should-care/?utm_term=.bdd659be0952

Schneider on the myth of New Orleans educational renewal. https://networkforpubliceducation.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/NOLA-Rebirth.pdf

Anti-union forces are attempting to convince teachers to drop the union membership.http://nprillinois.org/post/union-alternatives-woo-illinois-teachers#stream/0

Lessons from the failure of vouchers in Chile. https://nepc.colorado.edu/newsletter/2018/06/chilean-voucher

Joanne Barken on death by a thousand cuts to public schools by the privatization movement. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/06/10/joanne-barkan-death-by-a-thousand-cuts-privatizing-our-schools/

The terrible effects of Mississippi’s failure to adequately fund its public schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/06/02/mississippi-what-happens-when-a-state-refuses-to-fund-its-public-schools/

Rob Levine argues that Minnesota charters are a costly failure after 25 years. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/06/04/rob-levine-charter-schools-in-minnesota-after-25-years-a-costly-failure/

Jeff Brant warns of a disastrous charter plan in North Carolina. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/new-charter-school-plan-should-alarm-the-nation/

Gary Rubenstein demolishes the NY city Kipp charter school’s claim of 96% graduation finding it to be more like 56% when you take into account attrition of students who were never replaced. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2018/06/24/is-nyc-kipps-graduation-rate-96-or-56/ He also finds that the highly touted Success Academy graduated only 16 students out of an original 73 students in 2006 (they don’t backfill) through attrition and being held back. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2018/07/05/success-academy-left-back-at-least-1-6-of-their-first-cohort/

Also, Jeff Bryant comments on the unsuccessful massive financial support for Gavin Newsom’s opponent by wealthy charter supporters. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/charter-school-industrys-stunning-loss-in-california-primaries/?link_id=2&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-charter-school-industrys-stunning-loss-in-california-primaries&email_referrer=email_365983&email_subject=charter-school-industrys-stunning-loss-in-california-primaries

Diane Ravitch writes about how Michigan public schools were some of the best in the nation before the privatization and charter movement sunk them to the bottom. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/06/11/michigan-the-effects-of-charters-on-a-state-that-once-had-fine-public-schools/

An op ed supporting giving districts the right to refuse charters if they will cause substantial harm to the district. https://www.sfchronicle.com/opinion/openforum/article/School-districts-need-right-to-say-no-to-12952193.php?utm_campaign=fb-premium&utm_source=CMS+Sharing+Button&utm_medium=social

The Hechinger Report finds that charter schools suffer from higher levels of segregation than nearby public schools. https://hechingerreport.org/nearly-750-charter-schools-are-whiter-than-the-nearby-district-schools/

Diane Ravitch reports on a the embezzlement by the headmaster of a  religious voucher school in North Carolina. She states: North Carolina gives out public money to private and religious schools with little or no oversight. Do not be surprised that some people take advantage of the open cash register and help themselves to taxpayers’ money that should have gone to public schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/06/28/north-carolina-another-embezzlement-scandal-at-a-religious-voucher-school/

 

Failed reforms

States are moving away from flawed teacher evaluation systems. http://vamboozled.com/states-teacher-evaluation-systems-moving-in-the-right-direction/

Audrey-Amerein-Beardsley on why New Mexico’s teacher evaluation system based on test scores has been such a failure.  https://dianeravitch.net/2018/06/12/audrey-amrein-beardsley-why-new-mexicos-teacher-evaluation-system-is-ineffective-invalid-and-biased/

Chalkbeat reviews new Rand report that shows that the $575 million spent by the Gates foundation on teacher-evaluation was a bust.https://www.chalkbeat.org/posts/us/2018/06/21/the-gates-foundation-bet-big-on-teacher-evaluation-the-report-it-commissioned-explains-how-those-efforts-fell-short/ From the report https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2242.html: Sites implemented new measures of teaching effectiveness and modified personnel policies accordingly but did not achieve their goals for students

Education Technology/Personalized Learning

Stephen Sawchuk argues that SF’s bold approach to detracking algebra shows promise. https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2018/06/13/a-bold-effort-to-de-track-algebra-shows.html?cmp=eml-enl-eu-news1-rm&M=58517152&U=56558

Authors argue that we have an obligation to test educational technology before widespread adoption.https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2018/06/06/how-do-we-know-if-ed-tech.html?cmp=eml-enl-dd-news2-rm&M=58524517&U=56558

 Larry Cuban reviews a new School of the Future based on a technology first approach in Philadelphia which gradually shifted to using technology as a supplement to a regular academic program. At one point this school functioned very much through technology….Where our innovation is now is to get back to the fundamentals of what an educational academic program is supposed to be like, and how you get technology to mirror or augment that. https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/06/24/creating-new-schools-regression-to-the-mean-part-2/

Dan Willingham’s critique of the bible of personalized learning “The End of Average”  https://www.edsurge.com/news/2018-06-11-if-this-is-the-end-of-average-what-comes-next

Questions about the effectiveness of personalized learning in New Orleans. https://hechingerreport.org/the-massive-personalized-learning-experiment-in-new-orleans-schools/

Tom Ultican reviews the shabby story of IReady. https://tultican.com/2018/06/27/iready-magnificent-marketing-terrible-teaching/

 

 

 

 

 

May Comments 5/19/18

Build and Support Issues

Stephanie Hirsh from the Learning Institute on the importance of professional learning and team building to be centered on curriculum and instruction. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/learning_forwards_pd_watch/2018/04/leverage_research_on_curriculum_and_professional_learning_to_fulfill_the_vision_of_plcs.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=learningforwardspdwatch

The value of multiple math pathways for students. https://justequations.org/resource/multiple-paths-forward-diversifying-math-pathways-as-a-strategy-for-student-success/  and Pam Burdman et al. http://theopportunityinstitute.org/blog/2018/5/10/the-promise-of-new-math-gateways

Can schools successfully encourage civic engagement? Democracy Prep charters say “You bet”. Robert Pondiscio reports on how Democracy Prep is emphasizing civic engagement. https://edexcellence.net/articles/how-one-charter-network-is-helping-attach-students-to-civil-society?utm_source=National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=c2c1f5d851-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_05_09&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-c2c1f5d851-71635837&mc_cid=c2c1f5d851&mc_eid=ebbe04a807 and see http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/curriculum/2018/05/education_civics_democracy_prep_research.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=curriculummatters Some stats from the reports: Their civic education program led to a statistically significant 24 percentage point raw increase in voter turnout in 2016.These results are even more astonishing considering that their alumni are predominantly young (18-22), first-generation college students from low-income families of color–historically some of the least likely voters of any demographic group. 

For a more skeptical view see Larry Cuban’s take. While impressed by these voting stats he raises questions about Democracy Preps “no excuses” philosophy failing to teach democratic discourse. https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/05/20/democracy-prep-no-excuses-schools-that-build-citizens/

A school in Arkansas is combining civics and history for eighth graders. http://www.hotsr.com/news/2018/may/01/eighth-graders-celebrate-americans-stor/

Marc Tucker reports on the status of the publishing industry. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/top_performers/2018/05/the_creative_destruction_of_the_american_school_publishing_industry.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=top_performers and the value of a process reform approach over individual programmatic solutions. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/top_performers/2018/05/two_theories_of_school_improvement_which_works_better.html?utm_source=feedblitz&utm_medium=FeedBlitzRss&utm_campaign=top_performers

Are educational videos helping poor students? http://hechingerreport.org/educational-videos-leaving-low-income-behind/?utm_source=The+Hechinger+Report&utm_campaign=cd9605a9c2-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_05_14&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_d3ee4c3e04-cd9605a9c2-322591845

A balanced look at privacy issues with technology in schools. http://hechingerreport.org/opinion-whats-the-high-tech-tradeoff-for-students-and-teachers/

 

 

Trials and Tribulations of Charters, Vouchers, Virtual Schools, and the “Reform” Agenda

Jeff Bryant provides chapter and verse on how large-scale charter expansion decimates traditional public school funding even after taking into account money saved by educating less students. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/charter-schools-are-an-existential-threat-to-public-education/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-charter-schools-are-an-existential-threat-to-public-education&email_referrer=email_351160&email_subject=charter-schools-are-an-existential-threat-to-public-education

In the same vein a new Brookings report finds that charter school growth puts fiscal pressure on traditional public schools.https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brown-center-chalkboard/2018/05/01/charter-school-growth-puts-fiscal-pressure-on-traditional-public-schools/

Similarly, a report from In the Public Interest documents how charter schools drain enormous funds from local schools districts. https://www.inthepublicinterest.org/?everything=everything Here is a summary of the report on how charter schools ruin local school district budgets. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2018/05/08/16168/; Another comment on that and similar reports by Derek Black. Charter Schools Remove Tens of Millions in Funding from Three California Districts, While Severely Under-enrolling Students with Disabilities http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/education_law/2018/05/charter-schools-remove-tens-of-millions-in-funding-from-three-california-districts-while-severely-un.html A quote from Black:

Yesterday, I posted on Helen Ladd’s path-breaking study of the cost of charter schools to local school districts in North Carolina.  She found an “average fiscal cost of more than $3,500 for each student enrolled in charter schools.”   Today brings more troubling factual findings out of California. In the Public Interest finds that “Oakland Unified loses $5,643 a year per charter school student while San Diego Unified loses $4,913 a year and East Side Unified loses $6,000 a year.”

Diane Ravitch reports on how the “privatization” mind-set, top down dictates, and Trump administration back-room deals on top of neglect have devastated Puerto Rico’s public schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/05/05/puerto-rico-privatizing-public-schools-in-puerto-rico/

John Thompson explains how “reformers” attempt to excuse the failure of educational reform.https://dianeravitch.net/2018/05/09/john-thompson-how-reformers-expain-the-failure-of-reform/

Diane Ravitch quotes Robert Shireman of the Century Foundation on how conversions of for-profit schools to non-profit status are a sham. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/05/17/why-for-profit-higher-education-is-a-rip-off-and-a-sham/

Derek Johnson on how aggressive expansion of charter schools is harming traditional public education. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/states-are-favoring-school-choice-at-a-steep-cost-to_us_5ae7457de4b08248abaa6ea9

The National Educational Policy Center issues its sixth report on virtual schools/blended learning finding major deficiencies in performance and accountability. http://nepc.colorado.edu/files/publications/RB%20Miron%20Virtual%20Schools%202018.pdf

Three articles on major problems with the highly touted Basis charter school chain in Arizona. Carol Burris finds few black and brown students and large scale dropouts from grades 7-12 inflating scores and graduation rates. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2017/03/30/what-the-public-doesnt-know-about-high-performing-charter-schools-in-arizona/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.ef0a8e3317d6 Craig Harris finds inordinate profits and high living expenditures by the couple who own it. https://amp.azcentral.com/amp/473963002 and Mercedes Schneider asks whether Basis charter schools are a pyramid scheme as they keep taking on new debt to fund their life-style.  https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2018/05/13/basis-charter-debt-pyrmid-like-dependence-on-opening-new-schools/

Another example of massive attrition rates before graduation resulting in a reduced, rarified group—this time at Yes Prep. The kicker with this charter is that they require college acceptance to graduate and then tout a 100% college attendance of the few who are left.  https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2018/05/13/the-truth-about-yes-preps-100-college-acceptance-rate/

Similarly, Diane Ravitch has a devastating article about the spurious claims of the darling of the media—Success Academy. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/04/29/reader-the-non-miracle-of-success-academys-graduating-class-of-17-students/ and the media’s neglect and false narrative about the actual high performance of poor students at many public schools. According to Gary Rubinstein, the senior class at Success Academy’s Liberal Arts High School has 17 members. When they started in kindergarten, there were 73 students. By the end of eighth grade, there were 32 students. Four years later, there were 17, all of whom were admitted to college.Gary wrote recently that we can’t be sure of the real attrition rate, it might even be worse than stated above, because some of the original 73 might have been excluded and replaced; unlike real public schools, Success Academy does not admit new students after third grade.

Tom Ultican warns of the cabal trying to privatize and destroy public education in Oakland. https://tultican.com/2018/05/10/newest-existential-threat-to-oaklands-public-schools-2/

Peter Greene writes on how Spellings and Duncan Get It Wrong. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2018/05/spellings-and-duncan-get-it-wrong.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Noble Network of Charter Schools in Chicago which educates one out of 10 high-school students in the district has come under withering criticism for harsh discipline practices including refusing menstruating girls permission to leave the class for the bathroom in emergency situations. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/05/03/chicago-charter-chain-does-not-permit-girls-to-go-to-bathroom-for-menstrual-emergency/

 

 

Privatization and the Results of Defunding Public Education.

United States teachers are among the worst paid in the developed world. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/04/us-public-school-teachers-are-among-the-worst-paid-in-the-developed-world/

Study shows teachers on average spend about $500 of their personal money for classroom supplies. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/teachers-shelling-out-nearly-500-a-year-on-school-supplies-report-finds/2018/05/14/af2affae-57b8-11e8-b656-a5f8c2a9295d_story.html?utm_term=.5c9e8ee2998e

Linda Darling-Hammond on what the teacher strikes are about. https://www.cnn.com/2018/04/27/opinions/teacher-strikes-more-than-pay-darling-hammond-opinion/index.html

A guide to the corporations and groups lobbying to defund our schools who are hostile to striking teachers. https://news.littlesis.org/2018/05/14/a-guide-to-the-corporations-that-are-de-funding-public-education-opposing-striking-teachers/

ALEC and its corporate sponsors plan to privatize and defund public education. https://www.ineteconomics.org/perspectives/blog/the-corporate-plan-to-groom-u-s-kids-for-servitude-by-wiping-out-public-schools

April Comments 4/26/2018

 

 

Build and Support Successes

Larry Cuban reports on Richard Whitmire’s (a strong proponent of trendy charter schools) visit to one of the best charter schools in the nation which eschews “no excuses” and blended learning in favor of a broad curriculum, student engagement and support, and active instruction based on the research on and experience of the world’s highest performing schools, districts, and nations. https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/04/18/americas-best-charter-school-doesnt-look-anything-like-other-top-charters-is-that-bad-richard-whitmire/

Contrary to flat NAEP growth in the rest of the country California’s NAEP 8th and 4th Grade Reading and Math Average Score has grown substantially and has posted the top growth scores in the country for the years for 8th grade reading and math and 4th grade reading. It was weak in 4th grade math but still gained. for 2009-2017 (the Common Core and Brown administration years using a base line of 2009). California has the most second language students, the most diversity, and high levels of low income children compared to other states

Reading: 8th grade: First in the nation +10 and now within 2 points of the national average. https://www.nationsreportcard.gov/reading_2017/#states/scores?grade=8

4th grade: Tied for 2nd nationally +6  and now within 6 points of the national average. https://www.nationsreportcard.gov/reading_2017/#states/scores?grade=4

Math: 8th grade: Tied for second nationally +6, Now within 5 points of the national average. https://www.nationsreportcard.gov/math_2017/#states/scores?grade=8

4th grade: Tied for 15th in growth +1. 7 points behind nationally. https://www.nationsreportcard.gov/math_2017/#states/scores?grade=4

Some subgroup info:

Hispanic growth scores for reading 2009-2017; 8th grade reading +10; 4th grade reading +8

Black: 8th grade +7; 4th grade -1!!!.

Hispanic growth scores for math: 8th grade +6; 4th grade +4

Black: 8th grade +5; 4th grade +1!!

Two California Urban Districts under the Trial Urban Districts Assessment (TUDA).

LA: 8th grade reading average score growth 2009-2017. +11.  1st in nation. https://www.nationsreportcard.gov/reading_2017/#/districts/scores?grade=8

4th grade reading: +10;  1st in nation (Tied DC)

8th grade math:  +8 (Tied for 3rd)

4th grade math: +1 (Not good—tied for 7th)

San Diego

8th grade reading: +10. (2nd nationally after LA) https://www.nationsreportcard.gov/math_2017/#districts/scores?grade=8

4th grade reading: +9.  (tied for 2nd nationally)

8th grade math:  +3 (tied for 7th)

4th grade math +1 (tied for 7th)

California also made substantial jumps in NAEP rankings of average scores adjusted for poverty, diversity, and special ed. http://apps.urban.org/features/naep/

In 8th grade reading we are now 14th in the country up from the low 40’s as recently as 2013. In 4th grade reading 19th in the country up from the high 30’s in 2015.

In math we are 22nd in 8th math from the low 40’s as recently as 2013.34th in 4th grade math up from the low 40’s in 2011 and 2015.

Some confirmation of these results is provided by our most recent SBAC 11th grade reading scores. 60% now reach the “proficient” level—a level consistent with 4yr college work and the NAEP proficiency level which compares favorably to the other SBAC states that are much less diverse. To me, getting 60% of our diverse students to that level is impressive and a tribute to the hard work of our educational practitioners and policy direction. On the other hand, the state is much weaker in SBAC math performance at 11th grade (although improving) and the other testing grades. Math will be a major area of subsequent improvement efforts

What caused these increases? There is no certainty yet, but my candidates are the slow roll-out of the common core with plenty of opportunities for buy-in and understanding, the wide-spread policy coherence and educator agreement in the state grounded in a positive build and support, empowering approach rather than a more punitive strategy, a growing shift at the state and district levels from compliance to collaboration and support, the broad agreement on and willingness to use the highly-respected California curricular frameworks explicating common core and putting instruction at the core of improvement efforts, and a commitment of local schools and districts to team-building around deeper learning, professional development, continuous improvement, and adoption of quality materials. And, finally and crucially, a local control funding shift which provided significantly more funds especially for harder to educate students.

Important note: NAEP proficiency does not mean grade level but is equivalent to being prepared for a 4yr college. Many commentators suggest it is A, A-, or B+ work. See the comment by James Harvey https://dianeravitch.net/2018/04/10/james-harvey-dont-be-fooled-by-naep-proficient/

Peter Greene discerns a move back to the importance of a steady build-up of content in all the disciplines to effective reading comprehension. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2018/04/can-reading-pendulum-be-swinging.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29; and

Experts say that failure to attend to the build-up of knowledge through literature, history, science, humanities etc. is one of the major causes of flat NAEP scores. https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2018/04/-american-students-reading/557915/

Similarly the Knowledge Matters campaign makes the same point:

NAEP reading scores stagnant, time for a reading reset, say top reading experts
WASHINGTON, D.C. – April 10, 2018. Results from the biennial National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) are “stubbornly flat,” said Carol Jago, Vice Chair of the National Assessment Governing Board, which oversees the NAEP tests. She spoke [by video] at the official release of the 2017 NAEP scores, which showed that reading scores, generally stagnant for years, fell a point at 4th grade, leaving the 4th grade scores where they were in 2013; and rose by just 2 points at 8th grade, leaving those scores still a point behind where they were in 2013.

A panel of reading/language arts experts, speaking at the release of the results at the National Press Club, called for major changes in how reading is taught.

Panelists highlighted the need to focus reading instruction on increasing student knowledge of science and social studies topics. Cognitive psychologist Daniel Willingham said, “once students are fluent decoders, the key determinant of comprehension is what a student already knows about a topic.” He said our challenge is “to assure that every child is exposed to a curriculum that is knowledge-rich and appropriately sequenced.”

Ian Rowe, CEO of New York City’s Public Prep charter school network said, “what keeps us up at night,” is figuring out how to build students “knowledge foundation.” Providing “access to a broad base of background knowledge empowers students to understand” what they’re reading.

See But how students gain that background knowledge, particularly weak readers who are frequently put into “easier books,” was a topic of central importance for the panel.

Tim Shanahan, a longtime reading expert and professor emeritus at University of Illinois/Chicago, called for doing away with the practice of assigning students to books at their “level.” He described the popular practice, which he said is used in the majority of elementary schools, as harmful. “We believed students would only be able to read if they were put in easy texts, and it became the dominant way of teaching reading.” More current research shows that, “At best, this has no positive effects and at worst, it’s been found to do real damage—to hold kids back. “

Dr. Marilyn Adams, of Brown University, said that new cognitive and neuroscience research “destroys the underpinnings of our traditional view of reading development” which drive current practice. According to Adams, the new research indicates that “the widespread practice of giving students easier texts when they’re weaker readers serves to deny them the very language and information they need to catch up and move on.”

The Knowledge Matters Campaign issued its own statement highlighting some of the same evidence the panelists cited. Panel moderator Susan Pimentel called for “a greater focus on deliberately building students’ background knowledge of the world, so they can comprehend the texts they read,” calling such an approach “the best hope for improving reading results.” Building on Pimentel’s perspective, KMC Executive Director Barbara Davidson called for a “reading reset.” For a copy of the Campaign’s full statement, see www.knowledgematterscampaign.org/dig-deeper/.

Civic education and engagement is crucially important for children of immigrants. https://www.aft.org/ae/winter2017-2018/callahan_obenchain

A useful site for civic engagement resources. Useful materials on civic engagement for educators. http://www.civicsurvey.org/

News Literacy Project helps students tell the difference between fact and fiction. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2018/03/27/not-sure-whats-real-or-fake-anymore-the-news-literacy-project-teaches-kids-how-to-tell-the-difference-and-its-growing-faster-than-ever/?utm_term=.bb2f34723ccb

Effective English instruction is crucial for math performance for English-as-a-Second-Language children. https://edsource.org/2018/focusing-on-the-language-skills-of-english-learners-key-to-boosting-math-scores/595948?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email

A powerful statistics alternative to Algebra 2 for non-stem students by Pam Burdman. https://edsource.org/2018/a-quiet-revolt-reshaping-the-pathway-to-college/595712

Willingham proposes that the latest research on how students learn inform teacher training. www.educationnext.org/unlocking-science-how-kids-think-new-proposal-for-reforming-teacher-education/

Larry Cuban asked top teachers how they define success. https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/04/09/how-do-top-teachers-define-success/

My students are successful in future classes of the same subject.

97% of the teachers agreed and strongly agreed with statement.

My students are consistently engaged in content that is intellectually challenging.

96% agreed and strongly agreed.

Other teachers whom I respect give me positive feedback on my teaching.

96% agreed and strongly agreed.

My students tell me that they enjoy being in my class and having me as a teacher. 94%

My students perform well on assessments I have created. 94%

My students consider me someone they can trust and confide in. 94%

My students consistently behave in a way that meets my expectations.93%

My school leaders give me positive feedback on my teaching.93%

My students’ parents compliment me on my work with their children.92%

My students go on to college at high rates.88%

My students perform well on my state and district standardized tests.81%

New federal report shows crime in schools dropped significantly in the last two decades.

Just 3 percent of students ages 12 to 18 reported being the victim of a crime at school during the 2015-16 school year, the most recent period for which data is available – a big drop from the 10 percent of students who said they were the victim of a crime two decades before.

 

“Reforms” and Public School Funding Cutbacks Hurt

A New York Times articles in which teachers chronicle dreadful conditions of public school buildings and shoddy materials. 25-Year-Old Textbooks and Holes in the Ceiling: Inside America’s Public Schools https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/16/reader-center/us-public-schools-conditions.html

Loss of school libraries is harming reading performance. https://nancyebailey.com/2018/04/21/poverty-reading-the-sad-and-troubling-loss-of-school-libraries-and-real-librarians/

Who suffers from state and local tax-cut packages for attracting companies—public schools. https://www.citylab.com/life/2018/03/when-it-comes-to-econ-development-no-free-lunch/556616/?utm_source=SFTwitter

Indiana superintendent explains how voucher funding is draining funds from every public school. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/03/28/indiana-vouchers-drain-money-from-every-public-school-in-the-state/

Jeff Bryant on why teacher uprisings may hit Blue states too. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/why-teacher-uprisings-may-hit-blue-states-too/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-why-teacher-uprisings-may-hit-blue-states-too&email_referrer=email_338831&email_subject=why-teacher-uprisings-may-hit-blue-states-too

Most Americans think teachers are underpaid and here is a chart to prove it. https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2018/4/5/1754690/-Most-Americans-think-teachers-are-underpaid-Here-s-the-graph-that-shows-how-right-they-are

Rick Hess, an intellectually honest “reformer” finds fault with the “reform agenda” and the rhetoric in support of it. http://educationnext.org/5-thoughts-teacher-strikes-west-virginia-oklahoma-kentucky/

Another Hess piece reports on how an uncritical “reformer” rooting section was led astray by DC schools www.aei.org/publication/dc-graduation-scandal-shows-how-an-uncritical-gaze-leads-reformers-astray/

Another example of failed mayoral control of schools, this time in Washington, DC. ihttps://educationdc.net/2018/03/28/editorial-mayoral-control-has-failed-dcps/

Another research paper showing teacher evaluation using Value Added Measures based on test scores doesn’t work. http://vamboozled.com/identifying-effective-teacher-preparation-programs-using-vams-does-not-work/

Why giving letter grades to schools is a bad policy. This school in Arizona is functioning well but received a demoralizing letter grade from the state. https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/mesa-education/2018/03/28/inside-d-school-arizona-kino-junior-high-mesa-grapples-its-state-letter-grade/412881002/

 

Charter, Voucher, Virtual-School Travails

Teachers at a no-excuses school complain of “dehumanizing” students. http://nprillinois.org/post/culture-shock-teachers-call-noble-charters-dehumanizing#stream/0

Russ on Reading argues that expanding no-excuses charters is a bad idea. http://russonreading.blogspot.com/2018/04/expanding-no-excuses-models-is-bad-idea.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+RussOnReading+%28Russ+on+Reading%29

Success Academy, a charter chain in NY City claims high success rates but only a few students of the original cohorts survive and that small group is then compared to the much larger cohorts in traditional public schools. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2018/03/27/who-survives-success/ Success Academy opened in 2006 with 156 students — 83 kindergarteners and 73 first graders.  Now, eleven years later, they have their first graduating seniors, though just 17 of them.  In my last post I wondered what can be learned about the Success model by examining who exactly those 17 students are.

A big question, and one that might never be answered, is how many of those 17 students were actually among the original 73 first graders.  Since Success allows transfers up until 4th grade it is possible that some of those 17 students transferred in which would make their attrition rate even worse than the 77% that it is at a minimum.

Texas Education Agency forces conversion to charters of Houston public schools serving Black and Brown children by threatening the district with a takeover in the face of evidence that such strategies don’t work but cause severe community collateral damage. https://cloakinginequity.com/2018/04/23/gangsters-moves-by-tea-in-houston/

Diane Ravitch quotes a report by Guy Brandenburg on the large number of schools (47) in Washington, D.C. which have “never opened at all, even though they had raised funds, wrote curricula, were approved by the board, hired staff, began enrolling students, but never actually got their act together to hold classes and teach students. This list also leaves out several schools where the founders were found to be using their institution mostly to enrich themselves illegally, and the charter was transferred to another institution.” https://dianeravitch.net/2018/04/23/how-many-d-c-charter-schools-have-closed-take-a-guess/

Another comment by Diane Ravitch on a study by researchers at the University of Indiana who found that Indiana students who enroll in charter schools lose ground academically for two years. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/04/20/indiana-students-who-transfer-from-public-schools-to-charters-lose-ground-academically/  About half of them subsequently return to the traditional public schools. The remaining students then do a little better.

A third comment by Diane Ravitch on how a NY State audit found that the self-dealings of the Gulan charter schools by leasing buildings from a controlled entity wasted $3 million. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/04/14/new-york-audit-says-gulen-schools-waste-3-million-a-year-by-leasing-buildings/

Ohio charters spend more per pupil but obtain worse results than traditional public schools. https://10thperiod.blogspot.com/2018/04/do-charters-spend-more-than-districts.html

Six years ago an expose in Maine detailed the corruption surrounding virtual schools. https://www.pressherald.com/2012/09/01/virtual-schools-in-maine_2012-09-02/

March Comments 3/26/18

Successful “Build and Support” Efforts

Diane Ravitch quotes a beautiful statement about the importance and purpose of public schools by Joanne Yatvin who is president of the National Council of Teachers of English.

Far too many politicians and ordinary citizens have forgotten that the purpose of American education is as much to support a democratic society, as it is to prepare students to be active citizens, in charge of themselves and their communities. They have also forgotten that the proof of the pudding is not how well our students’ test scores compare with those of other countries but the proportion of American citizens who are leading intelligent, productive, and caring lives.

Full text here. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/03/18/joanne-yatvin-the-purpose-of-public-schools/

Mathew DiCarlo argues for the importance of building social capital in schools as key to improving educational performance. http://www.shankerinstitute.org/blog/social-side-capability-improving-educational-performance-attending-teachers’-and-school-leaders

Massachusetts leads the way for career/tech education. https://edexcellence.net/articles/massachusetts-sets-the-bar-again-this-time-in-cte?utm_source=National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=dfcb88f77e-20160918_LateLateBell9_16_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-dfcb88f77e-71635837&mc_cid=dfcb88f77e&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

A large study reported in Scientific American demonstrates long-term benefits from pre-school education. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/pre-k-programs-lead-to-higher-education-later-in-life/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+sciam%2Fmind-and-brain+%28Topic%3A+Mind+%26+Brain%29

Some of the best ways to attract minority teachers.https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brown-center-chalkboard/2018/03/20/can-money-attract-more-minorities-into-the-teaching-profession/

83% of America’s top science students are children of immigrant parents—another reason why Trump’s immigration policy is harmful to the US. https://www.forbes.com/sites/stuartanderson/2017/03/11/83-of-americas-top-high-school-science-students-are-the-children-of-immigrants/#7f2df5b22200

Jeff Bryant on why the schools have become the epicenter of resistance. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/why-public-schools-have-become-the-epicenter-of-rebellion/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-why-public-schools-have-become-the-epicenter-of-rebellion&email_referrer=email_318320&email_subject=why-public-schools-have-become-the-epicenter-of-rebellion

Ten principles of effective assessments. http://deeperlearning4all.org/10-principles-building-high-quality-system-assessments/

Michael Petrilli proposes changes in high-school graduation pathways to avoid gaming the system and short-changing many students. https://edexcellence.net/articles/to-fix-the-gaming-of-graduation-requirements-we-need-to-overhaul-high-schools-and-our?utm_source=National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=6b92c19967-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_02_27&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-6b92c19967-71635837&mc_cid=6b92c19967&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Diane Ravitch’s blog hosts Parents Across America on the dangers of too much screen time http://parentsacrossamerica.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Documentation6-29-16JW.pdf  and media professor Douglas Rushkoff on a sane social media policy for schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/02/27/douglas-rushkoff-a-sane-social-media-policy-for-americas-classrooms/

 

Charter, Voucher, and On-line Travails

An important article by Johann Neem author of a history of public education in the US, Democracy’s Schools: The Rise of Public Education in America, reminds us of the broader purposes of public education and questions whether extensive charter expansion subverts those purposes. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/brown-center-chalkboard/2018/03/07/a-time-for-school-choice-if-so-lets-make-sure-we-ask-the-right-questions/

New study shows charter schools hurt public school funding. https://thejournal.com/articles/2018/01/30/yes-charters-do-hurt-public-school-funding.aspx?m=1

For example, the largest district in the study had charter enrollment of about 15 percent of the student population. The fiscal impact there was “in excess of $700 per public school student,” about $25 million total. The other five had lower charter enrollments, varying from 3 percent to 14 percent. While the impact was lower, it was still “significant.” In a couple of the districts, for example, the loss was between $200 and $500 per student.

A major report summarizing voucher research finds that on average vouchers cause a one-third of a year drop in performance. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/education-k-12/reports/2018/03/20/446699/highly-negative-impacts-vouchers/

A cost-benefit analysis of vouchers in Indiana shows large negative results. http://www.journalgazette.net/opinion/editorials/20180311/cost-benefit-stats-show-failures-of-voucher-plan

After charter advocates claimed that low test scores justified closing public schools and expanding charters, react to findings that charters on the whole don’t increase test scores, by now saying that test scores don’t matter. http://www.aei.org/publication/do-impacts-on-test-scores-even-matter-lessons-from-long-run-outcomes-in-school-choice-research/?utm_source=paramount&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=mcshane&utm_content=new-research

A heartfelt plea to avoid neglecting neighborhood schools to promote charters. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/opinion-hopkinson-school-choice_us_5aa2cd35e4b01b9b0a3b2133

A teacher’s account of a horrible year spent teaching in a respected charter school. https://www.shondaland.com/act/a19449580/charter-schools/

Prof. Julian Heilig testifies before the California Senate Education Committee to support accountability for all charters and prohibiting for-profit charters. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=djXUwPp1U4w&t=4s and provides a blueprint for compromise. https://cloakinginequity.com/2018/03/14/a-chance-for-charter-school-critics-and-supporters-to-agree/

Five reasons not to charterize Puerto Rico’s public schools. https://medium.com/in-the-public-interest/5-reasons-why-charter-schools-in-puerto-rico-is-a-bad-idea-c35b84828548

The Network for Public Education has just released a guide for parents on the issues with on-line learning. https://networkforpubliceducation.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Online-Learning-What-Every-Parent-Should-Know.pdf

A teacher calls for a ban on online schools. He calls them a sham and a fraud. https://renegadeteacher.blog/2018/03/07/a-call-to-end-online-charter-schools/

A plea for improved accountability for California’s charter schools. https://www.inthepublicinterest.org/report-fraud-and-waste-in-californias-charter-schools/

A powerful critique of Arizona’s charter schools policies. https://www.azcentral.com/story/opinion/op-ed/ej-montini/2018/02/10/charter-schools-bilk-you-dump-kids-and-lawmakers-dont-care/324359002/

Another  Arizona charter school scandal. https://www.abc15.com/news/region-phoenix-metro/central-phoenix/phoenix-starshine-academy-charter-school-under-fraud-investigation

Success Academy’s claims of success in “re-inventing high school” are based on huge attrition rates of students. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2018/03/22/success-academies-reinventing-high-school-for-the-few-who-remain/

Diane Ravitch reports on a highly touted charter chain school in San Antonio featuring “personalized learning” and use of technology, which failed https://dianeravitch.net/2018/03/21/san-antonio-carpe-diem-charter-school-will-close-in-june/ and a similar abrupt closing in Sacramento. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/03/20/sacramento-charter-school-closes-abruptly-leaving-students-in-the-lurch/

Another Ravitch column on an EdTrust report on unaccountable charter schools in Michigan and the failure to fix the situation supported by Devos’s  political contributions. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/03/20/michigans-unaccountable-failing-charter-schools/

Tom Ultican on how Betsy Devos and her  allies ruined Detroit’s public schools. https://tultican.com/2018/03/09/devos-damages-detroit-schools/

A classic New York times article on how the proliferation of charter schools in Detroit hurt public school children. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/29/us/for-detroits-children-more-school-choice-but-not-better-schools.html

 

“Reform” Foibles

Let’s never forget who wants to decimate public education. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/betsy-devos-wants-to-cut-public-education-to-the-bone/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-betsy-devos-wants-to-cut-public-education-to-the-bone&email_referrer=email_322263&email_subject=betsy-devos-wants-to-cut-public-education-to-the-bone

Cutting back on education cost North Carolina a large auto plant.  An article in the New Republic argues that education investment is much more important than tax breaks in attracting new businesses. https://newrepublic.com/article/147426/forget-tax-breaks-education-key-attracting-businesses

The legislature in Arizona allows corporations to donate to vouchers and deduct the amount from their state taxes without a cap decimating funds for public schools. http://tucson.com/news/local/arizona-senators-can-t-agree-on-how-to-cap-corporate/article_a168c8e2-de96-552d-8157-8b0fc46cf2d5.html

Max Eden writing in the Fordham Institute blog pleads with “reformers” to heal themselves before causing  further damage. https://edexcellence.net/articles/reformer-heal-thyself-youve-ruined-high-school?utm_source=National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=0a890894f8-20160918_LateLateBell9_16_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-0a890894f8-71635837&mc_cid=0a890894f8&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Julian Heilig reviews the failure of “reform” efforts. https://cloakinginequity.com/2018/03/05/what-instead-reframing-the-debate-about-charter-schools-teach-for-america-and-high-stakes-testing/

An article in the Conversation blog explains how big bets on “reforms” have failed to produce results and caused major collateral damage. https://theconversation.com/why-big-bets-on-educational-reform-havent-fixed-the-us-school-system-92327

Matt DiCarlo comments on the CREDO report on school closures finding little benefit from closing schools.http://www.shankerinstitute.org/blog/theory-and-practice-school-closures

Overall, then, this study illustrates the fact, which is obvious but still important to emphasize, that closing schools is very risky and not even close to the guarantee that a few diehard advocates sometimes imply. Certainly, there are at least some schools that, despite adequate time and resources to try and improve, remain dysfunctional enough that they should be closed for performance-related reasons. It would be absurd to argue otherwise (though there may be far fewer than some think). The problem is identifying them in a fair and rigorous manner. And we have done a very poor job of that so far.

Diane Ravitch reports on parents in Florida pushing back against privatization efforts https://dianeravitch.net/2018/03/10/florida-parents-push-back-against-privatization/ and the huge exodus of teachers from Tulsa public schools due to lack of engaging “build and support” efforts and low salaries. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/03/05/tulsa-teacher-turnover-spiked-to-35-in-last-two-years/

Tom Ultican offers a powerful warning on the destructive effects of  “privatization” of public schools. https://tultican.com/2018/02/22/destroy-public-education-dpe-for-dummies/

A Daniel Koretz article in American Educator about the problems with test-driven accountability and what to do about it. https://www.aft.org/ae/winter2017-2018/koretz   The article is drawn from his book The Testing Charade.

Jay Greene provides evidence on the disconnect between test results and later life outcomes. https://jaypgreene.com/2016/11/05/evidence-for-the-disconnect-between-changing-test-scores-and-changing-later-life-outcomes/

Diane Ravitch reports on an achievement district in North Carolina that failed before it started. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/03/26/north-carolina-opportunity-school-district-fails-before-it-begins/

The effects of teacher evaluation schemes have been overwhelmingly negative. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2018/03/teacher-evaluation-plus-or-minus.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Article questions whether “personalized learning” works. https://www.marketplace.org/2018/03/12/education/does-tech-designed-personalized-learning-benefit-students

Proficiency based learning a bust in Maine. http://www.themainewire.com/2018/03/proficiency-based-education-failing-maine-students/

Brookings report asks, Why is accountability primarily about teachers? https://www.brookings.edu/research/why-is-accountability-always-about-teachers/

A humorous aside—Steven Colbert demolishes Betsy DeVos’s interview on 60 minutes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GKPIae1_LYw&feature=youtu.be

While there is research that SAT and ACT tests predict success in colleges https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-truth-about-the-sat-and-act-1520521861 a report by Achieve argues that there are major problems using them for high school accountability. https://www.achieve.org/college-admissions-tests-accountability

Fact Sheet and Talking Points on the GOP/Trump Tax Bill 2.0 March 6th, 2018

 

Most current arguments against the bill characterize it as a $1.5 trillion tax cut. The tax bill is a much more massive shift than $1.5 trillion–that’s just what is being borrowed (and more recent government analysis now pegs that number at $2.3 trillion) and doesn’t include the net taxes of approximately $1 trillion on middle and working class families in the bill. These taxes are necessary to pay for the approximately $2.8 trillion which under EPI’s analysis is what the top 1% and corporations receive over the decade.

 

The argument that the country borrowed $1.5 trillion (now 50% more) which  primarily benefits the wealthy—is not a bad argument and is somewhat resonating with the public. A more powerful indictment of the bill is that in addition to increasing the debt by $1.5 trillion to pay for a huge unneeded tax cut for the wealthiest families and corporations,  the remaining 99% in the aggregate not only eventually lose any initial tax relief but are then forced to kick in another $1 trillion by having their taxes raised to pay for that windfall. Add to that point, the trillions of dollars in Medicaid, Medicare, Social Security, infrastructure, scientific and medical research, and support programs cuts proposed in Trump’s budget and by Republican leadership to offset the borrowing and you have a 1, 2, 3 knockout punch.

 

Below is a more detailed analysis on how these amounts were figured.

Here is a typical comment from Josh Bivens at the Economic Policy Institute. The reason that Donald Trump is going back on a key campaign promise―to protect Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid―is that he wants to pay for his $1.5 trillion tax handout, which mostly benefits the richest 1% and wealthy corporations.  The tax bill is a much more massive shift than $1.5 trillion–that’s just what is being borrowed (and that has since been increased to $2.3 trillion of borrowing) and doesn’t include the net taxes of estimated $1 trillion on middle and working class families in the bill which are necessary to pay for the approximately $2.8 trillion which under EPI’s analysis is what the top 1% and corporations receive over the decade. 

Over the next decade the bill cuts taxes by $3.9 trillion, $2.8 of it going to the wealthiest 1% and corporations paid for by borrowing $1.5 trillion and  raising $1 trillion of taxes from working and middle class families. According to the CBO there are $5.2 trillion cuts during the next decade. Corporate loophole closings of $1.3 leaves a net $3.9 trillion of tax relief.  Extrapolating from EPI’s institutes findings  approximately $2.8 trillion of that is split between the top 1% and corporations (initially 60% goes to the top 1% and by the end of the decade 83% is for our wealthiest families and corporations for an average of 71%). That leaves $1.1 trillion for individual cuts.

The $3.9 trillion in total cuts are paid for, according to the CBO, by borrowing $1.5 trillion (now 50% higher), raising individual taxes or eliminating individual deductions for $2.2 trillion (by eliminating the personal deduction, changing the inflation rate, eliminating state and local tax deduction—mainly hitting upper-middle class voters–, and eliminating miscellaneous deductions) and cutting Obamacare by $314 billion. If your subtract the $1.1 trillion cuts going to individuals from their increased taxes, that leaves a net increase in taxes to individuals (the 99%) of $1 trillion over the decade. In short, to pay for most of the $2.8 trillion tax cuts to our wealthiest families and corporations the country needs to borrow a trillion and a half dollars to $2.3 trillion and tax the 99% of families another trillion.

 

The use of the  $1.5 trillion which represents only the borrowing part of the bill to describe the magnitude of the cuts is highly misleading and masks the much more extensive cuts and the large shift in who pays. It should be obvious that the using the $1.5 trillion borrowing is not enough to pay for the $2.8 trillion cuts for the wealthiest 1% and necessitates an additional net $1 trillion subsidies over the decade from those lower on the income spectrum. This analysis does not include the additional cuts of trillions of dollars in Medicaid, Medicare, Social Security, infrastructure, scientific and medical research, and support programs proposed in Trump’s budget and by Republican leadership which the EPI newsletter chronicles.

Most of the present arguments against the GOP/Trump tax bill characterize it as a $1.5 trillion tax cut which was borrowed and which  primarily benefits the wealthy—not a bad argument. A more powerful indictment of the bill is that in addition to increasing the debt by $1.5 trillion to pay for a huge unneeded tax cut for the wealthiest families and corporations,  the remaining 99% in the aggregate not only eventually lose any initial tax relief but are  then  forced to kick in another $1 trillion by having their taxes raised to pay for that windfall.

Below is an email to Seth Hanlon of the Center for American Progress as part of an on-going discussion on this issue. Somebody has to step up and clarify this point. I’ve also attached and included a set of talking points  and would appreciate your feedback on their accuracy. If you have some time to call, please contact me at 415-383-8680. Bill Honig

Sent: Wednesday, February 21, 2018 8:38 PM

To: shanlon@americanprogress.org

Subject: Rationale for not using the figure of $1.5 trillion for the cost of the tax cut

Why the GOP/Trump tax should not be described as a $1.5 trillion tax cut.

Seth, you are right that some of the tax cuts are neutralized by offsetting tax increases. But the net amount of $1.5 trillion for the decade which people are using which is equal to what is borrowed will not by itself pay for the large cuts to the extremely wealthy and thus will require an additional net $1 trillion subsidies from those lower on the income spectrum.

Using CBO figures there are $5.2 trillion of cuts for the next decade. In the corporate sector there is an off-setting $1.3 trillion of tax increases and loophole closings etc. so that leaves $3.9 trillion of cuts. It is legitimate to use the total net corporate figure because, even though some companies benefit and some lose, the corporate sector’s relief is lowered by $1.3 trillion. It is not fair to use the same logic for the individual sector because the benefits for individuals are highly skewed to rich families while the tax increases primarily hit the middle and working classes. This results in a pronounced shift of the tax burden from lower and middle income families to pay for the large amount of high income and corporate cuts which are substantially more than the $1.5 being borrowed.

Here is how I figured it. CBO figures state that the $3.9 trillion dollars in cuts are paid for by borrowing $1.5 trillion, raising individual taxes or eliminating individual deductions for $2.2 trillion (by eliminating the personal deduction, changing the inflation rate, eliminating state and local tax deduction—mainly hitting upper-middle class voters–, and eliminating miscellaneous deductions) and cutting Obamacare by $314 billion.

EPI finds that initially 60%  of the cuts  go to the top 1% (individual and corporate ownership) which grows to 83% by the end of a decade. For purposes of argument let’s assume that we average those percentages so that over the decade 71% of the relief goes to the top wealthy families. 71% of  $3.9 trillion is about $2.8 trillion for the top families and corporations (the remaining 99% of families receive $1.1 trillion) So, even after borrowing $1.5 trillion by increasing the debt to pay for a part of the $2.8 trillion provided to the wealthy, that still leaves a shortfall of $1.3 trillion which ends up being almost all paid for by the tax increases on working and middle class families.  While $1.1 trillion of the $2.1 trillion tax increases on individuals can be legitimately netted out because that is the amount of cuts going to individuals ($3.9T total cuts minus $2.8 to the 1%), the remaining $1 trillion of tax increases is used to pay for most of the outstanding amount of the super-wealthy’s large tax cuts. This means that during the decade any tax relief for the 99% gets wiped out by these tax increases and in aggregate those families are in the hole for an additional $1 trillion dollars.

Since there were some assumptions, the actual numbers may be off a little but Isn’t this analysis substantially correct? Most of the present arguments against the GOP/Trump tax bill characterize it as a $1.5 trillion tax cut which was borrowed and which  primarily benefits the wealthy—not a bad argument. A more powerful indictment of the bill is that in addition to increasing the debt by $1.5 trillion to pay for a huge unneeded tax cut for the wealthiest families and corporations,  the remaining 99% in the aggregate not only eventually lose any initial tax relief but are  then  forced to kick in another $1 trillion by having their taxes raised to pay for that windfall.

GOP/Trump Bill Talking Points

The GOP/Trump tax bill is a ten-year $3.9 trillion tax cut which overwhelmingly benefits the top 1% of families and corporations. It is paid for by borrowing $1.5 trillion indebting your children, raising taxes on middle and working class families by $2.1 trillion and cutting medical services under Obamacare by $314 billion.

(The net tax increase to the bottom 99% of families is about $1 trillion over the decade after deducting what the EPI estimates is $1.1 trillion in tax cuts to those families during the same period—the top 1% get $2.8 trillion in tax cuts. Of course, some families in the 99% get more relief and some get more taxes. At the end of the decade the individual relief is phased out, the corporate cuts are permanent and most of the tax increases on individuals stay.)

Republicans argue that theirs is a “middle class” tax bill. Don’t believe it. For every dollar you get from the GOP/Trump tax bill, the super-wealthy (the top 1%) initially get $150 which grows to over $500 after a decade while over half of everyone else’s taxes go up. That’s not fair. It’s not right. Or to put it another way, the average tax cut for the top 1% is $150,000, the average cut for everyone else is around $900 skewed to richer families so that a family making between $40-50,000 receives just over $400.

Those that passed the tax bill made a choice to provide almost all the tax breaks to the super-wealthy. They could have cut your payroll taxes, not raised taxes on the middle and working classes, or invested in rebuilding America creating jobs, improving safety, and producing economic growth. Eliminating the tax breaks for the top 1% would have doubled your tax cuts.

The GOP/Trump tax cut bill is a much more massive shift of the tax burden from the wealthy to the middle-class and low income families than reported–essentially borrowing from the future, taxing the working classes, and cutting needed services to finance an unnecessary tax cut for the wealthy who are already living high on the hog and receiving an unprecedented share of post-tax income. Republicans in congress are already planning to drastically cut Medicaid, Medicare, and Social Security, medical and support services, rebuilding roads and bridges,and medical and scientific research to pay for their giveaway to the rich.

Donald Trump’s budget would cut more than a trillion dollars from Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid, and trillions more from education, food stamps, infrastructure spending and more. Tell Congress to reject a budget that hurts working families just to pay for tax cuts for the rich and corporations.

Supporters of the tax bill’s huge windfall to corporations claimed that the companies would share with their workers. They haven’t. Estimates are that so far $6 billion has gone to workers (mostly in the form on one-time bonuses which often replace normal wage increases) and $171 billion has gone to shareholders and buybacks—a mere 3% for workers and 97% for stockholders and executives. Two-thirds of stocks are owned by the top 1%; and 35% of shareholders are foreigners.

Don’t’ fall for the transparent “bait and switch” of the GOP/Trump tax bill. They threw you a bone of some initial tax cuts as a distraction to mask the huge windfall going to the ultra-wealthy and corporations. After ten years your cuts disappear, most of you will experience tax increases, while the corporate tax breaks are permanent.

Do the wealthy really need such a large tax break so that they can buy another mansion, a bigger yacht or jet, throw another party, buy another designer outfit, or pad their bank accounts while tens of millions of families living paycheck to paycheck receive a pittance or get taxed? Republican mega-rich donors must think so because they drove the whole perverted process by which the tax bill was passed.

February Comments 2/25/18

“Reform”, Charter, Choice, and Voucher Travails

New Zealand has a full choice system and no neighborhood schools. Results null to negative.  Choice and competition didn’t improve performance and some measure declined. http://hechingerreport.org/actually-happen-gave-parents-chance-pick-childrens-schools/?utm_source=The+Hechinger+Report&utm_campaign=457f97ac82-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_02_20&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_d3ee4c3e04-457f97ac82-322591845

A poignant tale of the damage school closings have done in Chicago and a plea to halt closing four high-schools by the leader of the community based Mothers Against Senseless Killings https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/12/opinion/save-chicago-public-schools.html?action=click&contentCollection=opinion&contentPlacement=1&emc=edit_ty_20180213&module=stream_unit&nl=opinion-today&nlid=50191918&pgtype=sectionfront&region=stream&rref=collection%2Fsectioncollection%2Fopinion&te=1&version=latest and see one advocates fight against closing a Chicago school http://www.chicagonow.com/chicago-public-fools/2018/01/an-act-of-prejudice-against-our-school-closing-nta/

John Merrow castigates Washington, DC misplaced “reform” efforts based on test results. https://themerrowreport.com/2018/02/21/educational-anorexia-bulimia-in-washington-dc-and-elsewhere/

Similarly, the Washington Post reports on ongoing scandals in the district throwing into question touted results. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/dc-public-schools-were-once-a-success-story-are-they-now-an-embarrassment/2018/02/01/fb15dd4c-069d-11e8-b48c-b07fea957bd5_story.html?utm_term=.139881272dc2

The latest CREDO report finds turnaround efforts in New Orleans and Tennessee fail to produce results. http://nolai3eval.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/downloads/CRM%20Executive%20Summary.pdf

Princeton professors find that charter schools in Texas produce no improvements in test scores and negative results on later earnings. https://www.princeton.edu/~wdobbie/files/texas_charters.pdf

We estimate the impact of charter schools on early-life labor market outcomes using administrative data from Texas. We find that, at the mean, charter schools have no impact on test scores and a negative impact on earnings. No Excuses charter schools increase test scores and four-year college enrollment, but have a small and statistically insignificant impact on earnings, while other types of charter schools decrease test scores, four-year college enrollment, and earn- ings. Moving to school-level estimates, we find that charter schools that decrease test scores also tend to decrease earnings, while charter schools that increase test scores have no discernible impact on earnings.

Gary Rubinstein, similarly, finds that 5 of the 6 schools in the Tennessee Achievement District failed to improve after six years and remain tin the bottom five present. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2018/01/31/tennessee-cusp-list-2017-5-of-6-of-original-asd-schools-still-in-bottom-5/

Even the Wall Street Journal reports that vouchers are ineffective. https://greatschoolwars.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/milwaukees-experiment-suggests-an-answer-wsj.pdf

Diane Ravitch quotes Bill Phillis on how Ohio wasted $10 billion on charter schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/02/01/bill-phillis-ohio-wasted-10-billion-on-charters/

Larry Cuban, Spilling the Beans on Personalized Learning https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/02/21/spilling-the-beans-on-personalized-learning/

EdSource’s article, The Jury is Still Out on Personized Learning https://edsource.org/2018/jury-is-still-out-on-personalized-learning-approaches-taking-hold-in-california-and-across-the-country-research-finds/593716

An article by Anya Kamentz blows the whistle on virtual schools and their political use of parents. https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2018/02/13/576449036/inside-the-virtual-schools-lobby-i-trust-parents

Another in a continued series of articles showing students in on-line schools fall significantly behind. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2018/1/29/16945540/online-charter-schools-learning-k12-connections

A virtual charter scheme in Maine slammed. https://www.pressherald.com/2012/09/01/virtual-schools-in-maine_2012-09-02/

Award-winning expose finds Florida scholarship voucher program rife with fraud and chaos. http://www.miaminewtimes.com/news/mckay-scholarship-program-sparks-a-cottage-industry-of-fraud-and-chaos-6381391

What Tax Payers Should Know About School Choice. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2017/01/26/what-taxpayers-should-know-about-the-public-cost-of-school-choice/?utm_term=.4ecbb0505ceb

Jeff Bryant reports on the use of the Puerto Rican disaster to justify closing and selling of the island’s public schools. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/puerto-rico-braces-for-wave-of-school-privatization/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-puerto-rico-braces-for-wave-of-school-privatization&email_referrer=email_298485&email_subject=puerto-rico-braces-for-wave-of-school-privatization  and in the same vein https://gadflyonthewallblog.wordpress.com/2018/02/07/crippled-puerto-rico-offered-school-privatization-as-quick-fix-for-woes/

Mercedes Schneider laments that Florida’s voucher tax credit scheme creates “a la carte” education. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2018/02/03/floridas-2018-education-savings-accounts-a-vehicle-for-a-la-carte-education/

Diane Ravitch reports on a New Jersey poll which shows overwhelming parental support for public schools but opposition to too much testing. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/02/14/new-jersey-overwhelming-majority-of-parents-love-their-public-schools-but-say-there-is-too-much-testing/

Jeff Bryant writes about the closure in Ohio of one of the largest online schools in the country, the troubled ECOT, strands 12,000 students and is ignored by choice advocates. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/largest-charter-school-fail-ever-doesnt-faze-school-choice-fans/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-largest-charter-school-fail-ever-doesnt-faze-school-choice-fans&email_referrer=email_292071&email_subject=largest-charter-school-fail-ever-doesnt-faze-school-choice-fans

 

Another in a string of reports of charter schools closing and leaving students adrift. This Rocketship  charter  in Nashville closed a few months after it opened due to low enrollment. https://www.tennessean.com/story/news/education/2018/02/01/nashville-achievement-school-district-rocketship-nashville-partners-community-prep/1087161001/

Diane Ravitch reports on an Arizona school that went bankrupt while the CEO withdrew a million dollars. Arizona has almost no accountability for charter schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/02/04/arizona-shuttered-charter-school-ran-out-of-money-but-ceo-withdrew-1-million/

A high profile charter school leader in Atlanta pleads guilty to stealing  half a million dollars from charter school funds. http://www.fox5atlanta.com/news/former-charter-school-director-expected-to-plead-guilty (He did)

Claire Smrekar, quoted in Larry Cuban’s blog asks, What We Can Learn from Closure of [an All Girls] Charter School That DeVos Praised as ‘Shining Example’  https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/01/31/what-we-can-learn-from-closure-of-charter-school-that-devos-praised-as-shining-example-claire-smrekar/

Steven Singer highlights a “reform” groups findings that charter school expansion has significantly slowed. https://gadflyonthewallblog.wordpress.com/2018/02/02/nationwide-charter-school-expansion-slowing-down/

John Thompson laments many participants in a high-level meeting by “reformers” on why Bush and Obama reform efforts produced such few results demonstrate continued hostility to teachers. http://www.livingindialogue.com/autopsy-nclb-reveals-contempt-teachers/

Merit pay produces trivial growth. http://hechingerreport.org/new-evidence-indicates-paying-teachers-bonuses-raises-student-performance-small-amount/?utm_source=The+Hechinger+Report&utm_campaign=9e0f4fba13-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_01_29&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_d3ee4c3e04-9e0f4fba13-322591845

 

Build and Support Efforts that Work; Money Matters

California’s increased funding and ambitious improvement efforts are paying off. https://edsource.org/2018/californias-ambitious-education-reforms-paying-off-in-higher-graduation-rates-and-math-scores-study-finds/593223?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email

Tale of two states: Oklahoma irresponsibly cut taxes on the wealthy causing a massive budget shortfall and now public schools are on a shortened week schedule; California raised taxes on the wealthy and invested in its public schools. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/with-state-budget-in-crisis-many-oklahoma-schools-hold-classes-four-days-a-week/2017/05/27/24f73288-3cb8-11e7-8854-21f359183e8c_story.html?utm_term=.88a733d288a0

Aspen Institute report on the best ways to organize professional learning systems for  teachers and education staff around student learning. https://assets.aspeninstitute.org/content/uploads/2018/02/Developing-a-Professional-Learning-System-for-Adults-in-Service-of-Student-Learning.pdf

How to teach the hard facts about slavery. A poll showed only 8% of students picked “protecting slavery” as the reason the South seceded https://www.tolerance.org/frameworks/teaching-hard-history/american-slavery

Studying the humanities pays off. https://www.alternet.org/culture/dont-want-robot-replace-you-start-reading-literature?akid=16759.2679055.wDfuDv&rd=1&src=newsletter1089105&t=7

Learning Forward’s report on how the best schools systems support continuous learning around a high quality curricula. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/learning_forwards_pd_watch/2018/02/how_systems_can_support_high-quality_curricula.html

The gap between what is known about teaching beginning reading and how it is being taught. https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2018/02/12/582465905/the-gap-between-the-science-on-kids-and-reading-and-how-it-is-taught and here is a link on how to do it right. https://achievethecore.org/category/1206/ela-literacy-foundational-skills

The benefits of “Strength Based Learning” http://hechingerreport.org/strength-based-learning-magic-bullet/?utm_source=The+Hechinger+Report&utm_campaign=b5bec3df36-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_02_05&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_d3ee4c3e04-b5bec3df36-322591845

 

Privatization and Other Anti-Public School Measures

A heartbreaking story of why money matters. One of the best public schools with highly dedicated teachers forced to make devastating cuts from funding reductions. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2018/02/09/this-is-what-inadequate-funding-at-a-public-school-looks-and-feels-like-as-told-by-an-entire-faculty/?utm_term=.4c013ad95988

Jeff Bryant on how the Koch brothers plan to sabotage public education. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/how-public-schools-became-the-koch-brothers-lowest-hanging-fruit/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-how-public-schools-became-the-koch-brothers-lowest-hanging-fruit&email_referrer=email_295269&email_subject=how-public-schools-became-the-koch-brothers-lowest-hanging-fruit

Diane Ravitch in the New York Review of Books reviews two important books about how big money forces in this country, both radical and corporate, are harming public education. One is Nancy MacLean’s Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right’s Stealth for America. The other is Gordon Lafer’s The One Percent Solution: How Corporations Are Remaking America One State at a Time. http://www.nybooks.com/articles/2017/12/07/big-money-rules/

An article in American Prospect shows how religious extremists dupe the charter movement. Proselytizers and the Privatizers;  how religious sectarian school voucher extremists made useful idiots of the charter movement. http://prospect.org/article/proselytizers-and-privatizers

Atlantic article on how the GOP/Trump tax bill subverts public education. https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2018/02/the-new-tax-laws-subtle-subversion-of-public-schools/552356/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=atlantic-weekly-newsletter&utm_content=20180209&silverid=MzM0NTY0NzMyNzIyS0

The Center for American Progress lists how Trump and DeVos’s budget continues to undermine our public schools. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/education-k-12/news/2018/02/12/446423/trump-devos-continue-undermine-public-education-proposed-fiscal-year-2019-budget/

Educators say that Trump’s proposed budget cuts will devastate science education. https://edsource.org/2018/trumps-proposed-cuts-to-science-education-would-be-devastating-educators-say/593381

 

Technology and Social Media

Undercover high-school attendees find seven major differences with students in high-school today and the pervasive effects of social media. http://www.businessinsider.com/undercover-high-teenagers-lives-2018-2/#social-media-has-changed-the-game-1

February Comments 2/25/18

“Reform”, Charter, Choice, and Voucher Travails

New Zealand has a full choice system and no neighborhood schools. Results null to negative.  Choice and competition didn’t improve performance and some measure declined. http://hechingerreport.org/actually-happen-gave-parents-chance-pick-childrens-schools/?utm_source=The+Hechinger+Report&utm_campaign=457f97ac82-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_02_20&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_d3ee4c3e04-457f97ac82-322591845

A poignant tale of the damage school closings have done in Chicago and a plea to halt closing four high-schools by the leader of the community based Mothers Against Senseless Killings https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/12/opinion/save-chicago-public-schools.html?action=click&contentCollection=opinion&contentPlacement=1&emc=edit_ty_20180213&module=stream_unit&nl=opinion-today&nlid=50191918&pgtype=sectionfront&region=stream&rref=collection%2Fsectioncollection%2Fopinion&te=1&version=latest and see one advocates fight against closing a Chicago school http://www.chicagonow.com/chicago-public-fools/2018/01/an-act-of-prejudice-against-our-school-closing-nta/

John Merrow castigates Washington, DC misplaced “reform” efforts based on test results. https://themerrowreport.com/2018/02/21/educational-anorexia-bulimia-in-washington-dc-and-elsewhere/

Similarly, the Washington Post reports on ongoing scandals in the district throwing into question touted results. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/dc-public-schools-were-once-a-success-story-are-they-now-an-embarrassment/2018/02/01/fb15dd4c-069d-11e8-b48c-b07fea957bd5_story.html?utm_term=.139881272dc2

The latest CREDO report finds turnaround efforts in New Orleans and Tennessee fail to produce results. http://nolai3eval.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/downloads/CRM%20Executive%20Summary.pdf

Princeton professors find that charter schools in Texas produce no improvements in test scores and negative results on later earnings. https://www.princeton.edu/~wdobbie/files/texas_charters.pdf

We estimate the impact of charter schools on early-life labor market outcomes using administrative data from Texas. We find that, at the mean, charter schools have no impact on test scores and a negative impact on earnings. No Excuses charter schools increase test scores and four-year college enrollment, but have a small and statistically insignificant impact on earnings, while other types of charter schools decrease test scores, four-year college enrollment, and earn- ings. Moving to school-level estimates, we find that charter schools that decrease test scores also tend to decrease earnings, while charter schools that increase test scores have no discernible impact on earnings.

Gary Rubinstein, similarly, finds that 5 of the 6 schools in the Tennessee Achievement District failed to improve after six years and remain tin the bottom five present. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2018/01/31/tennessee-cusp-list-2017-5-of-6-of-original-asd-schools-still-in-bottom-5/

Even the Wall Street Journal reports that vouchers are ineffective. https://greatschoolwars.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/milwaukees-experiment-suggests-an-answer-wsj.pdf

Diane Ravitch quotes Bill Phillis on how Ohio wasted $10 billion on charter schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/02/01/bill-phillis-ohio-wasted-10-billion-on-charters/

Larry Cuban, Spilling the Beans on Personalized Learning https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/02/21/spilling-the-beans-on-personalized-learning/

EdSource’s article, The Jury is Still Out on Personized Learning https://edsource.org/2018/jury-is-still-out-on-personalized-learning-approaches-taking-hold-in-california-and-across-the-country-research-finds/593716

An article by Anya Kamentz blows the whistle on virtual schools and their political use of parents. https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2018/02/13/576449036/inside-the-virtual-schools-lobby-i-trust-parents

Another in a continued series of articles showing students in on-line schools fall significantly behind. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2018/1/29/16945540/online-charter-schools-learning-k12-connections

A virtual charter scheme in Maine slammed. https://www.pressherald.com/2012/09/01/virtual-schools-in-maine_2012-09-02/

Award-winning expose finds Florida scholarship voucher program rife with fraud and chaos. http://www.miaminewtimes.com/news/mckay-scholarship-program-sparks-a-cottage-industry-of-fraud-and-chaos-6381391

What Tax Payers Should Know About School Choice. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2017/01/26/what-taxpayers-should-know-about-the-public-cost-of-school-choice/?utm_term=.4ecbb0505ceb

Jeff Bryant reports on the use of the Puerto Rican disaster to justify closing and selling of the island’s public schools. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/puerto-rico-braces-for-wave-of-school-privatization/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-puerto-rico-braces-for-wave-of-school-privatization&email_referrer=email_298485&email_subject=puerto-rico-braces-for-wave-of-school-privatization  and in the same vein https://gadflyonthewallblog.wordpress.com/2018/02/07/crippled-puerto-rico-offered-school-privatization-as-quick-fix-for-woes/

Mercedes Schneider laments that Florida’s voucher tax credit scheme creates “a la carte” education. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2018/02/03/floridas-2018-education-savings-accounts-a-vehicle-for-a-la-carte-education/

Diane Ravitch reports on a New Jersey poll which shows overwhelming parental support for public schools but opposition to too much testing. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/02/14/new-jersey-overwhelming-majority-of-parents-love-their-public-schools-but-say-there-is-too-much-testing/

Jeff Bryant writes about the closure in Ohio of one of the largest online schools in the country, the troubled ECOT, strands 12,000 students and is ignored by choice advocates. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/largest-charter-school-fail-ever-doesnt-faze-school-choice-fans/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-largest-charter-school-fail-ever-doesnt-faze-school-choice-fans&email_referrer=email_292071&email_subject=largest-charter-school-fail-ever-doesnt-faze-school-choice-fans

Another in a string of reports of charter schools closing and leaving students adrift. This Rocketship  charter  in Nashville closed a few months after it opened due to low enrollment. https://www.tennessean.com/story/news/education/2018/02/01/nashville-achievement-school-district-rocketship-nashville-partners-community-prep/1087161001/

Diane Ravitch reports on an Arizona school that went bankrupt while the CEO withdrew a million dollars. Arizona has almost no accountability for charter schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2018/02/04/arizona-shuttered-charter-school-ran-out-of-money-but-ceo-withdrew-1-million/

A high profile charter school leader in Atlanta pleads guilty to stealing  half a million dollars from charter school funds. http://www.fox5atlanta.com/news/former-charter-school-director-expected-to-plead-guilty (He did)

Claire Smrekar, quoted in Larry Cuban’s blog asks, What We Can Learn from Closure of [an All Girls] Charter School That DeVos Praised as ‘Shining Example’  https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2018/01/31/what-we-can-learn-from-closure-of-charter-school-that-devos-praised-as-shining-example-claire-smrekar/

Steven Singer highlights a “reform” groups findings that charter school expansion has significantly slowed. https://gadflyonthewallblog.wordpress.com/2018/02/02/nationwide-charter-school-expansion-slowing-down/

John Thompson laments many participants in a high-level meeting by “reformers” on why Bush and Obama reform efforts produced such few results demonstrate continued hostility to teachers. http://www.livingindialogue.com/autopsy-nclb-reveals-contempt-teachers/

Merit pay produces trivial growth. http://hechingerreport.org/new-evidence-indicates-paying-teachers-bonuses-raises-student-performance-small-amount/?utm_source=The+Hechinger+Report&utm_campaign=9e0f4fba13-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_01_29&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_d3ee4c3e04-9e0f4fba13-322591845

 

Build and Support Efforts that Work; Money Matters

California’s increased funding and ambitious improvement efforts are paying off. https://edsource.org/2018/californias-ambitious-education-reforms-paying-off-in-higher-graduation-rates-and-math-scores-study-finds/593223?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email

Tale of two states: Oklahoma irresponsibly cut taxes on the wealthy causing a massive budget shortfall and now public schools are on a shortened week schedule; California raised taxes on the wealthy and invested in its public schools. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/with-state-budget-in-crisis-many-oklahoma-schools-hold-classes-four-days-a-week/2017/05/27/24f73288-3cb8-11e7-8854-21f359183e8c_story.html?utm_term=.88a733d288a0

Aspen Institute report on the best ways to organize professional learning systems for  teachers and education staff around student learning. https://assets.aspeninstitute.org/content/uploads/2018/02/Developing-a-Professional-Learning-System-for-Adults-in-Service-of-Student-Learning.pdf

How to teach the hard facts about slavery. A poll showed only 8% of students picked “protecting slavery” as the reason the South seceded https://www.tolerance.org/frameworks/teaching-hard-history/american-slavery

Studying the humanities pays off. https://www.alternet.org/culture/dont-want-robot-replace-you-start-reading-literature?akid=16759.2679055.wDfuDv&rd=1&src=newsletter1089105&t=7

Learning Forward’s report on how the best schools systems support continuous learning around a high quality curricula. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/learning_forwards_pd_watch/2018/02/how_systems_can_support_high-quality_curricula.html

The gap between what is known about teaching beginning reading and how it is being taught. https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2018/02/12/582465905/the-gap-between-the-science-on-kids-and-reading-and-how-it-is-taught and here is a link on how to do it right. https://achievethecore.org/category/1206/ela-literacy-foundational-skills

The benefits of “Strength Based Learning” http://hechingerreport.org/strength-based-learning-magic-bullet/?utm_source=The+Hechinger+Report&utm_campaign=b5bec3df36-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_02_05&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_d3ee4c3e04-b5bec3df36-322591845

 

Privatization and Other Anti-Public School Measures

A heartbreaking story of why money matters. One of the best public schools with highly dedicated teachers forced to make devastating cuts from funding reductions. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2018/02/09/this-is-what-inadequate-funding-at-a-public-school-looks-and-feels-like-as-told-by-an-entire-faculty/?utm_term=.4c013ad95988

Jeff Bryant on how the Koch brothers plan to sabotage public education. http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/how-public-schools-became-the-koch-brothers-lowest-hanging-fruit/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-how-public-schools-became-the-koch-brothers-lowest-hanging-fruit&email_referrer=email_295269&email_subject=how-public-schools-became-the-koch-brothers-lowest-hanging-fruit

Diane Ravitch in the New York Review of Books reviews two important books about how big money forces in this country, both radical and corporate, are harming public education. One is Nancy MacLean’s Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right’s Stealth for America. The other is Gordon Lafer’s The One Percent Solution: How Corporations Are Remaking America One State at a Time. http://www.nybooks.com/articles/2017/12/07/big-money-rules/

An article in American Prospect shows how religious extremists dupe the charter movement. Proselytizers and the Privatizers;  how religious sectarian school voucher extremists made useful idiots of the charter movement. http://prospect.org/article/proselytizers-and-privatizers

Atlantic article on how the GOP/Trump tax bill subverts public education. https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2018/02/the-new-tax-laws-subtle-subversion-of-public-schools/552356/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=atlantic-weekly-newsletter&utm_content=20180209&silverid=MzM0NTY0NzMyNzIyS0

The Center for American Progress lists how Trump and DeVos’s budget continues to undermine our public schools. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/education-k-12/news/2018/02/12/446423/trump-devos-continue-undermine-public-education-proposed-fiscal-year-2019-budget/

Educators say that Trump’s proposed budget cuts will devastate science education. https://edsource.org/2018/trumps-proposed-cuts-to-science-education-would-be-devastating-educators-say/593381

 

Technology and Social Media

Undercover high-school attendees find seven major differences with students in high-school today and the pervasive effects of social media. http://www.businessinsider.com/undercover-high-teenagers-lives-2018-2/#social-media-has-changed-the-game-1

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