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What Advice Did Our Founders and First Presidents Offer On Preserving Our Democracy?

What Advice Did Our Founders and First Presidents Offer On Preserving Our Democracy? by Bill Honig

In today’s political arena many of the basic tenets of our democracy are being challenged   and there is evidence that too many young people (and adults) are not attaching to democratic ideas and responsibilities.  It is fitting on President’s day that Americans should revisit the ideas, warnings, and advice of our first leaders. They understood that governance resting on popular consent was a huge gamble since no previous efforts at creating a successful democracy had survived. The effort would be difficult and would require continued vigilance by each generation of citizens and political representatives to last.

Our early leaders were very specific about what was necessary for our great democratic experience to endure and tried to inoculate the country against three main dangers:  Majority rule degenerating into anarchy from irreconcilable conflicts, growing inequality re-instating oligarchy and corruption, and the democracy succumbing to tyranny from fear-based and dishonest demagoguery.

Building on the colonists experience in self-governing churches and local government they proposed a constitution based on representative government and majority rule which built a structure for the separation of powers, federalism, periodic elections to hold government accountable, and protections for individuals and the democratic system enshrined in our Bill of Rights.  That was their first line of defense against our democracy failing.

But Madison, Jefferson, Adams, Hamilton and Franklin also knew that the structure of government was necessary but not sufficient. They and those that followed made several other crucial suggestions. Citizens needed to be well-versed in democratic ideals and experience, willing to participate, exercise self-discipline and be law-abiding, and develop the habits of tolerance and democratic deliberation. Representatives needed to respect our institutions and be accountable for their actions and veracity.

James Kloppenberg in his masterful recent book, Toward Democracy chronicles the development of democratic ideas and beliefs culminating in the creation and subsequent development of our country. He found three main themes and three supportive ideas which are helpful in understanding how best to fight for and protect our democratic ideals.

First, representative government deriving from “the people” and how that could work was evidenced in our Constitution. The founders were aware of the danger of quick but misguided action and created mechanisms to increase deliberation and spread power such as an independent judiciary both at the national and state level. They also were cognizant of the tension between majority rule and the rights of minorities and individuals and attempted to balance those interests. They also knew that some protections against government were crucial for individuals and for the system to work such as a free press to hold those in government accountable and root out corruption, mendacity, and self-dealing, free speech for the free exchange of ideas, free expression of religion and a proscription of the government establishing one religion, due process, a fair and equal administration of our laws, and that everyone, even the president, should be subject to our laws. They thought that citizens and representatives must understand and value the legitimacy of these structures.

Second, increasing liberty or autonomy of individuals was a key purpose of our democracy. Free individual choices and spheres of action and protection from overbearing government or repressive majorities was part of it. But they were also aware of the dangers of untrammeled self-interest, ignoring the common good, and a lack of the individual self-discipline needed for a free democracy to survive.

Third, equality or respecting the humanity and brotherhood of all citizens, in practice limited at first, but setting the stage for the struggle for legal, political, social, and economic equality for all (liberty and justice for all from our Pledge of Allegiance). The history of the 228 years since our constitution was adopted has been the slow struggle in fits and starts and backsliding to broaden the definition of “We, the People”

The founders also believed that three other habits and beliefs were crucial for a democracy to survive.

First, a commitment to democratic deliberation. Most of our founders were well aware of the religious wars in Europe and oppressive countries which only tolerated one set of beliefs. In a successful democracy truth and policies should arise from discussion which necessitated respect for opponents, listening, and supporting decisions resulting from democratic deliberations.

Second, pluralism and tolerance of diverse groups—religious, racial, ethnic, national origin, class, and regional. The United States is attempting something unique in human history. A large country composed of diverse interests and groups comprised of the world’s populations who find enough common purpose to sustain a democracy. This goal requires a higher stage of ethical behavior than in more homogeneous countries. It is human nature to identify with our respective groups and become hostile to others and our country has gone through decades of racial, religious, gender, national origin, sexual orientation, and class prejudice, hostility, and legal discrimination even in the face of our democratic ideals. Keeping group ties while being tolerant and respectful of others is a difficult but crucial task for our country. This mission is undermined by leaders who appeal to group hatred which dishonors a basic principle of our heritage.

Our founders and first presidents confronted the dilemma of slavery knowing that slavery violated the democratic principles of representative government, liberty, and equality on which our country was created. It wasn’t until Lincoln and the Civil war finally determined that the continued existence of slavery sullied the ethical component to democracy and established that the idea that majority rules could mean a majority could oppress one group of humans (Stephen Douglas’s position in the Lincoln/Douglas debates) was morally unacceptable. It took another 100 years for equality and fair political and legal treatment to be established in reality by the Civil Rights movement—a position we are still struggling with. Similar efforts were made for other repressed groups such as women, ethnic and religious minorities, and gays and the working class.

Finally, Kloppenberg, enshrines the founders belief in idea of reciprocity as an essential ingredient of successful democracies. Our founders understood the importance to a democracy of the religious belief that all individuals were equal before God, the central Christian doctrine of love, (Love your neighbor as yourself) and the ubiquitous belief in the Golden Rule. In a democracy citizens must accept the underlying humanity, legitimacy, and significance of all even while disagreeing on specific policies. The founders thought that in successful democracies majorities didn’t try to crush their opponents but saw the importance of continued debate with them to reach better solutions.

Our country almost disintegrated in the harsh political atmosphere of the 1790’s. After flirting with wholesale demonization and false accusations of the opposition both Jefferson and Adams and their followers relented and the “era of good feelings” occurred with the election of Jefferson. Years later, Lincoln in his first Inaugural Address asked the South to discuss not fight and appealed to the “better angels of our nature” and when the war appeared won in his Second Inaugural was not vindictive to Southerners as many in the North wished but advocated reconciliation. (with malice towards none, with charity for all)

Our founders also strongly believed that an educated citizenry was essential to the success of a democracy to counteract the belief that the lack of education and perspective made people susceptible to demagogic appeals and unable to fully participate in democratic deliberations. Most importantly, each new generation needed to be well-versed and attached to democratic ideas, democratic history, democratic habits, and a willingness to participate in self-government and engage in ethical self-discipline. An educated citizenry was viewed as a key bulwark for democracy.

Our early leaders eventually proposed free public education as a necessary component to allow our democracy to succeed. This idea that the government not solely parents should provide a common education and that all citizens should pay for the education of children not their own was unsuccessfully resisted by many in the 19th century as public education became widespread.  Those advocating for the importance of a “common schools” won the debate. (Some people today want to re-litigate the issue decrying “government schools”, supporting large cuts for public schools, and advocating privatizing of public education.)

Benjamin Franklin when asked by a women after the Constitutional Convention what kind of government they decided on “a republic or a monarchy” he quickly replied “A republic if you can keep it.” Lincoln in his immortal Gettysburg address alluded to the fragile nature of our democracy and that our devotion to a continued effort to perfect our ideals of freedom and equality was necessary so that “government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth”. That fight goes on.

Bill Honig was Superintendent of Public Instruction in California from 1983-1993. He is currently Vice-Chair of the California Instructional Quality Commission which develops K-12 content frameworks and reviews instructional materials for the California State Board of Education. That board recently adopted a History/Social Science framework which incorporates many of the ideas in this article.

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Join Bill Honig’s BBS Forum!

This website is the result of my seventy-year romance with education—first as
a student and then in a variety of roles in education: teacher,
administrator, policymaker, elected official, professor, and educational
entrepreneur. My perspective and beliefs about what we should and should not
be doing to improve our schools have been forged from experiences and study
during my long career. Building Better Schools is a place where the supporting ideas, research, and exemplary models of Build-and-Support are available and kept fresh. I invite you to join the conversation!

Comments Jan. 14th-Feb. 16th, 2020

Build and Support Efforts

Learning Policy Institute. Strategies and practices to advance deeper learning. https://learningpolicyinstitute.org/product/deeper-learning-networks-video?utm_source=LPI+Master+List&utm_campaign=54473df4e4-LPIMC_NetworksVideos2_20200212&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_7e60dfa1d8-54473df4e4-42289731

Teacher pay takes a dive vis a vis other college grads. https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2020/1/25/1914120/-Saturday-night-owls-Teacher-pay-relative-to-that-of-other-college-graduates-has-collapsed 

https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/endless-rocky-path-reading-science?utm_source=Fordham+Institute+Newsletters+%26+Announcements&utm_campaign=0584e8bf81-&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_5fa2df08a3-0584e8bf81-71867561&mc_cid=0584e8bf81&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2020/01/22/preservice-teachers-are-getting-mixed-messages-on.html?cmp=eml-enl-cm-news1&M=59032733&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/feb20/vol77/num05/toc.aspx?utm_source=marketing&utm_medium=email&utm_term=literacy&utm_content=EL&utm_campaign=EL-February2020NewIssue-020720

The idiocy of third grade reading retention. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2020/01/mi-whitmer-stands-up-for-reading-sense.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Third grade tests predict 10th grade achievement. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/inside-school-research/2020/02/Academic_mobility_low.html   

Resseger. Why we should talk about opportunity gaps not achievement gaps. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2020/01/27/22950/

Fordham; Rigorous grading standards raise achievement. https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/research/great-expectations-impact-rigorous-grading-practices-student-achievement?mc_cid=8b584be7eb&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Critique of the NyTimes 1619 project. https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/01/1619-project-new-york-times-wilentz/605152/

Vouchers, Charters, and Privatization Issues

A school superintendent who gets the problem of school choice. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2020/01/oh-superintendent-who-gets-problem-of.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

School choice plus student based budgeting destroys public schools in poor neighborhoods. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2020/01/29/23001/

Jan Resseger Public School Funding: In too many states it’s all about subtracting and more subtracting. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2020/01/22/22887/

Alabama. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/06/alabama-woodland-prep-charter-school-flounders-flops/

Arizona. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/27/craig-harris-online-charters-have-a-record-of-poor-outcomes-fraud-and-profit/

Arizona. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/16/arizona-charter-school-principal-pleads-guilty-to-fraud/

Arkansas. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/27/little-rock-wear-black-on-1-28-for-the-death-of-democratic-control/

Boston. https://www.educationnext.org/inclusion-action-expectations-for-all-excel-academy-boston/

California. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/21/california-defunct-for-profit-college-sues-former-students-for-repayment-of-debt/  

Detroit. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/15/detroit-a-cautionary-tale-of-a-promising-charter-school-that-was-doomed-to-fail/

Florida. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/18/florida-state-auditors-say-5-5-million-disappeared-at-two-charter-schools/

Florida. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/05/andre-agassi-scores-60-5-million-selling-charter-real-estate-in-florida/

Florida. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2020/01/fl-another-voucher-problem-and-not-one.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Florida. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/03/florida-2-big-banks-abandon-floridas-voucher-program-due-to-anti-lgbt-policies/  

Florida. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/08/orlando-sentinel-should-publicly-funded-voucher-schools-be-allowed-to-discriminate/

Indiana. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/15/indiana-two-virtual-charter-schools-steal-more-than-68-million-from-state/

Indiana. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/15/steve-hinnefeld-the-stench-of-virtual-charter-schools/

Indianapolis. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/04/indianapolis-the-resistance-is-fighting-the-well-funded-disruptors/

Indianapolis. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/06/tom-ultican-harvards-school-privatization-machine-and-the-indianapolis-takeover/

Indianapolis. https://cloakinginequity.com/2020/02/11/the-total-neoliberal-misrepresentation-of-the-recent-history-of-indianapolis-k12-education/

Kentucky. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/29/kentucky-rightwing-extremists-want-to-defund-our-public-schools/

New Jersey. https://jerseyjazzman.blogspot.com/2020/02/sorry-nj-charter-schools-you-cant-have.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FCqnJA+%28Jersey+Jazzman%29

New Orleans. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2020/01/24/new-orleans-high-school-records-are-finally-audited-there-are-holes/  

Oakland. https://blackagendareport.com/privatizing-oakland-schools

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/27/bill-phillis-remember-ecot-and-1-billion-of-lost-school-revenue/

Ohio. Jan Resseger: Ohio budget bill multiplies school vouchers, leaves local school districts in crisis. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2020/01/17/22783/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/02/why-does-ohio-award-bonuses-to-failing-charter-schools/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/02/peter-greene-on-ohios-mad-love-for-vouchers/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/31/stephen-dyer-ohios-voucher-crisis-in-4-charte/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/19/ohio-how-to-fix-the-states-disastrous-voucher-program/ ,Resseger, Voucher talks break down over four issues. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2020/02/03/23074/ and House passes voucher fix. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2020/02/07/23163/  

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/28/ohio-gop-grovels-at-feet-of-fordham-and-alec/

http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2020/01/oh-free-private-school-at-public-expense.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/22/ohio-legislator-says-state-has-duty-to-fund-religious-schools/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/31/bill-phillis-ohio-charter-owners-lose-appeal-for-bonuses/

Oklahoma. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/24/oklahoma-how-to-disrupt-and-demoralize-a-school-distruct/

Oklahoma. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2020/01/mi-whitmer-stands-up-for-reading-sense.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Oklahoma. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/16/oklahoma-epic-virtual-charter-school-penalized-530000-for-excessive-administrative-costs/

Pennsylvania. Governor Wolf plans to save $280 million by charter school reform. https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2020/02/05/gov-wolf-proposes-saving-280-million-a-year-in-pa-with-charter-school-reform/  

Pennsylvania. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/23/bethlehem-pennsylvania-a-superintendent-talks-candidly-about-charter-schools-and-race/

Pennsylvania. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/27/pennsylvania-superintendents-form-coalition-to-fight-privatization/

Pennsylvania. A halfway takedown of cyber-charters. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2020/01/pa-another-bill-to-take-down-sort-of.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Tennessee. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2020/02/13/tn-supt-penny-schwinn-bypasses-legislature-with-no-bid-voucher-contract/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/26/tom-ultican-explains-corporate-education-reform-and-the-assault-on-dallas-public-schools/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/03/dallas-charter-operator-sentenced-to-7-years-then-claims-bonus/

Washington, DC. https://educationdc.net/2020/02/03/reasons-why-dcps-should-support-not-close-washington-met/

Wisconsin and Ohio. In the two states with some of the oldest voucher programs School choice week is filled with contention. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2020/01/31/23043/

Wisconsin. http://www.hngnews.com/sun_prairie_star/opinion/article_5ba86a51-2503-5cc2-9a0a-5e5abfaf6549.html

Wyoming. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2020/02/used-pitches-privatization-to-wyoming.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

“Reform” Travails

https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2020/02/10/does-studying-student-data-really-raise-test.html?cmp=eml-enl-cm-news1-rm&M=59041821&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

https://www.salon.com/2020/02/11/how-corporations-are-forcing-their-way-into-americas-public-schools_partner/

https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2020/01/18/we-are-all-reformers-part-4/ and https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2020/01/21/we-are-all-reformers-part-5/ 

https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2020/02/11/school-reforms-that-are-persistent-and-admired-but-marginal-part-1/; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2020/02/14/school-reforms-that-are-persistent-and-admired-but-marginal-part-2/ and https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2020/02/16/school-reforms-that-are-persistent-and-admired-but-marginal-part-3/

Reviews of Diane Ravitch’s new book Slaying Goliath: The Passionate Resistance to Privatization and the Fight to Save America’s Public Schools

https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2020/01/16/the-life-and-death-of-the-terrible-education-reform-movement/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/19/gary-rubinstein-on-the-life-and-death-of-the-terrible-education-reform-movement/  

https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/14/john-thompson-reviews-slaying-goliath-part-1/ and  https://dianeravitch.net/2020/02/14/john-thompson-reviews-slaying-goliath-part-2/

Technology

Comments Dec. 8th, 2019-Jan. 16th, 2020

Build and Support Issues

Public education forum challenges candidates to support full funding for public schools. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/12/16/22453/

Civics. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/colleges-must-train-students-for-jobs–and-also-as-citizens/2019/12/29/b8724756-204e-11ea-a153-dce4b94e4249_story.html

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/01/12/us/texas-vs-california-history-textbooks.html?action=click&auth=login-email&login=email&module=Top%20Stories&pgtype=Homepage%3A

The miseducation of American boys. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2020/01/the-miseducation-of-the-american-boy/603046/

Financial Times English account of how to help working class boys falling behind in school https://www.ft.com/content/3b2509f2-fda2-11e8-aebf-99e208d3e521

 Pam Burdman: Alternative high school math pathways. https://hechingerreport.org/opinion-we-can-make-math-less-traumatic-by-ensuring-every-student-is-on-the-right-pathway/?utm_source=Just+Equations&utm_campaign=c7e07e95d6-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_01_03_08_59_COPY_02&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_472770b236-c7e07e95d6-294112997&mc_cid=c7e07e95d6&mc_eid=93b18d36f0

Will the science of reading instruction catch on in teacher prep? https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2019/12/04/most-ed-professors-favor-balanced-literacy.html?cmp=eml-enl-eu-news1&M=58997710&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/reading-between-lines-what-states-can-do-about-americas-literacy-challenge?mc_cid=45af6ea488&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/12/can-rich-content-improve-education.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2020/01/the-foundation-of-real-writing.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/digging-dirt-quality-curriculum?mc_cid=230f13568f&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/research/supplemental-curriculum-bazaar?mc_cid=e262123924&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/12/fordham-teachers-are-downloading-junk.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/how-districts-can-mitigate-harm-popular-low-quality-online-curriculum-resources?utm_source=Fordham+Institute+Newsletters+%26+Announcements&utm_campaign=0577801f73-20160918_LateLateBell9_16_2016_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_5fa2df08a3-0577801f73-71867561&mc_cid=0577801f73&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

https://www.educationnext.org/stay-course-on-national-standards-forum-decade-on-has-common-core-failed/?mc_cid=230f13568f&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Teacher morale is dropping. Remedies. https://districtadministration.com/why-teacher-morale-appears-to-be-dropping/

Florida. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/16/florida-are-violent-kids-protected-by-law/

North Carolina. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/11/north-carolina-leandro-report-sets-a-new-direction-for-the-states-schools-will-the-politicians-listen/

Virginia. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/12/va-ideas-about-how-to-recruit-and.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Stop blaming schools for chronic absenteeism. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/13/wendy-lecker-stop-blaming-schools-for-chronic-absenteeism/

https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2020/01/10/we-are-all-school-reformers-part-1/; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2020/01/13/we-are-all-reformers-part-2/ and https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2020/01/16/we-are-all-reformers-part-3/

Charters, Vouchers, and Privatization

Jeff Bryant: https://www.salon.com/2019/12/12/why-the-federal-governments-billion-dollar-charter-school-program-is-a-bigger-disaster-than-we-thought_partner/

Reviews of Diane Ravitch’s new book Slaying Goliath: The Passionate Resistance to Privatization and the Fight to Save America’s Public Schools https://tultican.com/2020/01/01/we-are-the-resistance-and-we-are-winning-2/ and https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2020/01/08/22594/

Charter Schools: Why they are not in the public interest. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2020/01/15/22732/

https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/12/09/report-federal-government-wasted-millions-dollars-charter-schools-that-never-opened/

Full list of the 2500 closed charter schools.https://www.prwatch.org/news/2015/09/12936/cmd-publishes-full-list-2500-closed-charter-schools?emci=620d6768-601c-ea11-828b-2818784d6d68&emdi=836e9aa7-611c-ea11-828b-2818784d6d68&ceid=7442779

https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2019/12/20/why-is-accountability-too-much-to-ask-of-charter-schools/https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/11/charter-chains-try-to-lift-college-graduation-rates-by-sending-dropouts-to-online-college/

 The Misleading Rhetoric of School “Choice” Advocates: Wealth and “Choice” https://jerseyjazzman.blogspot.com/2020/01/the-misleading-rhetoric-of-school.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FCqnJA+%28Jersey+Jazzman%29

How non-profit charter schools make a profit. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/14/michael-kohlhass-how-nonprofit-charter-schools-make-a-profit/

https://www.thenation.com/article/education-school-choice-democrats/

https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/11/waltons-and-broad-fund-a-grassroots-parents-group/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/15/maurice-cunningham-why-the-waltons-fund-the-national-parents-union/

https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2020/01/05/reform-funded-research-winning-kipp-lottery-does-not-significantly-increase-chance-of-persisting-in-college/ and https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2020/01/12/more-reform-funded-research-kipp-graduates-persist-in-college-at-the-same-rate-as-their-mothers/

Vouchers: Should states be subsidizing private education at a steep cost to public schools? https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2020/01/06/22629/

Alabama. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/13/larry-lee-the-colossal-charter-mess-in-alabama/

Alabama. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/13/alabama-tfa-alum-plans-to-open-a-federally-funded-charter-in-an-impoverished-rural-county-with-only-two-public-schools/

Arkansas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/24/a-plea-to-arkansas-officials-to-keep-hands-off-little-rock-public-schools/

Arizona. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/12/curtis-cardine-on-the-fiscal-crisis-in-arizonas-charter-school-industry/

Arizona. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/27/education-law-center-the-failure-of-vouchers-in-texas-and-of-voucher-expansion-in-arizona/

Arizona. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/14/arizona-goldwater-institute-sues-to-invalidate-regulation-of-voucher-money/

Atlanta. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/18/ed-johnson-will-the-citizens-of-atlanta-allow-their-public-schools-to-be-transformed-into-a-business/

California. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/07/california-lawmaker-proposes-regulations-for-home-school-charter-industry/

California https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/16/how-czis-summit-schools-excluded-its-own-students-from-an-open-meeting/

California. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/11/wisconsin-taxpayers-angry-about-supporting-two-school-systems/   

Chicago. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/11/chicago-no-new-charter-schools-apply-to-open-this-year-backlash/

Florida. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/10/sue-legg-the-dark-ide-of-chool-choice-in-florida/

Houston. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/20/houston-founder-of-houston-charter-chain-indicted-and-arrested/

Houston. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/21/texas-state-takeover-of-houston-schools-is-an-outrage/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/02/houston-the-betrayal-of-the-public-schools-as-state-attacks-democracy/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/13/domingo-morel-the-state-takeover-of-houston-schools-is-about-race-and-power-not-school-improvement/

Indiana. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/05/indiana-state-graduation-rate-is-87-but-for-charters-it-is-40/

Indiana. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/17/shocker-indiana-refuses-to-give-three-indianapolis-schools-to-for-profit-charter-chain/

Los Angeles. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/05/los-angeles-charters-are-proliferating-where-they-arent-needed/  

Los Angeles. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/12/michael-kohlhaas-charter-leader-in-los-angeles-harasses-teacher-protesting-co-location-and-unqualified-staff-at-charter/

Massachusetts. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/12/28/massachusetts-nonprofit-building-excellent-schools-receives-57m-from-arkansas-waltons/

Miami. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/19/miami-a-school-choice-dream-or-nightmare/

Nevada. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/22/angie-sullivan-the-charter-industry-in-nevada-is-asleep-at-the-wheel-gone-off-the-road-crashed-into-a-ditch/

New Hampshire. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/13/breaking-news-new-hampshire-tables-offer-of-25-million-from-devos-to-double-charter-schools/

New Jersey. https://jerseyjazzman.blogspot.com/2020/01/hoboken-nj-charter-schools-update-for.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FCqnJA+%28Jersey+Jazzman%29 and https://jerseyjazzman.blogspot.com/2020/01/correcting-facts-about-nj-charter.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FCqnJA+%28Jersey+Jazzman%29

New Jersey. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/09/newark-superintendent-wants-to-close-four-charters-and-limit-new-ones/

North Carolina. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2020/01/nc-whitewashing-charter-report.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

North Carolina. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/07/north-carolina-a-cash-cow-for-investors-a-headache-for-taxpayers/ 

North Carolina, Charlotte. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/06/charlotte-n-c-charter-school-abruptly-closes-mid-year/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/09/ohio-expands-its-failed-voucher-program-and-most-school-districts-will-lose-funding/ and https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/12/11/22324/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/21/peter-greene-ohio-plunges-districts-into-the-voucher-disaster/  

Ohio. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2020/01/03/ohios-aggressive-school-vouchers-set-to-cripple-even-high-scoring-public-schools/

Ohio. Voucher program in trouble. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/12/oh-voucher-crisis-looming.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/11/ohio-expert-educators-call-on-governor-to-repeal-state-takeover-bill/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/16/akron-former-leader-of-digital-academy-accused-of-diverting-167000-to-a-shell-company/

Pennsylvania. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/11/pennsylvania-republican-legislators-target-states-neediest-districts-for-failed-takeover-strategy/

Pennsylvania. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/democrats-are-moving-on-from-charter-schools-who-will-they-leave-behind/2019/12/13/325f0272-1d05-11ea-b4c1-fd0d91b60d9e_story.html

Pittsburg. https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2019/12/23/charter-schools-harrisburg-mayor-peduto-created-pittsburgh-public-schools-budget-deficit/

Rhode Island. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/15/tom-ultican-the-takeover-of-providence-public-schools/

Tennessee. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2020/01/15/the-tennessee-asd-booted-or-re-booted/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/27/education-law-center-the-failure-of-vouchers-in-texas-and-of-voucher-expansion-in-arizona/

Tulsa. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/04/john-thompson-why-is-tulsa-in-crisis/

Utah. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/15/utah-charter-enrollment-declines-for-first-time-in-a-decade/

Wisconsin. https://dianeravitch.net/2020/01/11/wisconsin-taxpayers-angry-about-supporting-two-school-systems/  

“Reform Foibles”

New Mexico. Final disposition of the successful lawsuit against value added teacher evaluation. http://vamboozled.com/new-mexico-lawsuit-final-update/

Technology

https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614893/classroom-technology-holding-students-back-edtech-kids-education/

The 100 worst ed tech disasters of the decade. http://hackeducation.com/2019/12/31/what-a-shitshow

https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2020/01/10/robots-will-never-replace-teachers-they-can-only-displace-us/

https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2020/01/08/teachers-the-robots-are-coming-but-thats.html?cmp=eml-enl-eu-news1&M=59021424&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

Comments Oct. 17th-Dec. 8th, 2019

Build and Support

Stop ignoring the innovations that occur in public schools. https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2019/11/27/stop-ignoring-the-innovation-that-happens-in.html?cmp=eml-enl-eu-news1-rm&M=58992512&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

Getting reading right report. https://www.edweek.org/ew/collections/getting-reading-right/index.html?cmp=eml-enl-eu-news1&M=58995349&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

There is a right way to teach reading and Mississippi knows it. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/05/opinion/mississippi-schools-naep.html?action=click&module=Opinion&pgtype=Homepage   

Too many early reading teachers are using the debunked cueing system and guessing strategies to the detriment of reading performance. https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2019/12/04/data-how-reading-is-really-being-taught.html?cmp=eml-enl-eu-news1-rm&M=58994577&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e and http://e-news.edweek.org/ct/98293588:7Ln9R0umN:m:1:3139580984:BBD4F440C91BEC50B516A79AEF1C40DF:r:56558  

https://www.educationnext.org/put-whole-language-on-trial-case-against-reading-instruction-illiteracy/

https://www.kqed.org/mindshift/54452/why-deeply-diving-into-content-could-be-the-key-to-reading-comprehension?utm_medium=Email&utm_source=ExactTarget&utm_campaign=20191027MindShiftNewsletterSubscribers&mc_key=00Qi000001WzO2NEAV

Pondiscio: A plea to conservatives to pay attention to the importance of broad content knowledge and the goal of citizenship https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/classroom-content-conservative-conundrum?mc_cid=cafba688d5&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Pondiscio: Curricular efforts https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/curriculum-advocates-prepare-long-hard-struggle?mc_cid=1972e93aed&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Schmoker on making reading instruction more efficient. https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2019/11/20/how-to-make-reading-instruction-much-much.html?r=599652308&cmp=eml-enl-cco-news2-rm&M=58989597&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e&mkey=D3494795-8EEA-48E1-B02B-97496ABA726A

Robert Pondiscio: “Are You In?”, the importance of civic engagement. https://www.educationnext.org/metric-that-matters-most-ask-kids-are-you-in/

Stanford on-line civic reasoning website. https://cor.stanford.edu/

An inside look at Singapore schools. http://ncee.org/2019/10/building-the-nation-builders/

What teachers need. https://www.weareteachers.com/what-teachers-need/?utm_source=WAT_MDR&utm_medium=Enews&utm_campaign=WAT_Enews103119

The problem of teacher demoralization. https://www.edsurge.com/news/2019-11-19-many-frustrated-teachers-say-it-s-not-burnout-it-s-demoralization?utm_source=EdSurgeEdsChoice&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=12-03-2019&mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiT0dSbFltVTROR1JtWmpZdyIsInQiOiJrZFFYd2lmVFJvOHRwcWZLKzFJdDg2WWVLeG5DUFpjdUZyMzVOajVQRGpyM2EyRWpLN2duR0dlRlVzeUQ1b09JYzNQN0FlN1RCZ29qYjZoRkpKcDFOaFwvaWdvanNVN2Z0VW5uXC9WWklYSFZIRTdCV2VaVjBuekRCbG9iXC9yeHFnMCJ9

One-stop shopping for teachers by Ken Burns https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/11/19/indisensable-ken-burns-has-new-initiative-one-stop-online-teachers/

A union teacher pens an opinion piece in the Wall Street Journal. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/17/glenn-sacks-in-the-wall-street-journal-teachers-unions-have-the-cure-for-what-ails-americas-schools/  

Jan Resseger: Building the case for public education. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/11/18/22024/

A large study concludes inquiry methods in math beat traditional strategies. https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2019/10/09/students-learn-more-from-inquiry-based-teaching-international.html?r=328926239

Teachers nationwide strike for better education. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/11/27/22141/

Massachusetts adds billions for equity in public schools. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/12/06/22296/

Chicago teachers strike for better student conditions. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/10/18/21502/

Chicago teachers win improved student support. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/06/chicago-the-teachers-strike-brings-a-sea-change-in-education-policy/

End of course exams show positive results. https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/research/end-course-exams-and-student-outcomes?mc_cid=f96883c18f&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Petrilli: Fewer Children Left Behind https://fordhaminstitute.org/sites/default/files/publication/pdfs/20191015-fewer-children-left-behind.pdf?utm_source=Fordham+Institute+Newsletters+%26+Announcements&utm_campaign=76ddf18adc-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_201900730-discipline-reform_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_5fa2df08a3-76ddf18adc-71867561&mc_cid=76ddf18adc&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Charters, Vouchers, and Privatization Issues

https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/12/05/to-embrace-charter-schools-is-embrace-betsy-devos-donald-trump-says-black-scholar-who-once-led-charters/

http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/campaign-k-12/2019/11/charter-school-research-silver-bullet-apocalypse.html?cmp=eml-enl-eu-news2-rm&M=58992512&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/11/david-osborne-tells-big-charter-lie.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/11/why-market-forces-will-not-provide.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Charters want public school transportation dollars. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/12/buddy-can-you-spare-ride-to-charter.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29  

https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2019/10/19/charter-schools-cherry-pick-students-call-it-choice-part-1-the-i-didnt-do-it-excuse/ ; https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2019/10/26/charter-schools-cherry-pick-students-call-it-choice-part-2-the-everyones-doing-it-excuse/

Larry Cuban’s review of Pondiscio’s recent book “How the Other Half Learns”. https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/11/27/how-the-other-half-learns-a-review-part-1/ ; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/11/30/how-the-other-half-learns-a-review-part-2/ ; and https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/12/03/how-the-other-half-learns-a-review-part-3/

Peter Greene: Federally supported vouchers are a major cause of discrimination. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/10/vouchers-and-federally-supported.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Alabama https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/05/alabama-fired-principal-of-charter-school-sues-board-for-excluding-students-with-disabilities-nepotism-and-cronyism/

Arizona https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/26/arizona-charter-founder-paid-his-companies-46-8-million-in-taxpayer-money-in-one-year/

Arkansas https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/17/cathy-frye-inside-the-shadowy-world-of-the-arkansas-school-choice-movement-part-6/ ; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/23/cathy-frye-tells-all-about-the-shadowy-world-of-school-choice-in-arkansas-part-7/

Arkansas https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/17/lilsis-maps-the-walton-billionaires-who-are-crushing-the-teachers-parents-and-public-schools-of-little-rock/  

Arkansas https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/19/max-brantley-the-waltons-vicious-assault-on-arkansas-public-schools-and-its-teachers-union/

Boston https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/02/boston-falling-enrollment-forces-charter-chain-to-retrench/

Cleveland School closures threaten to destroy neighborhoods in Cleveland. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/11/11/21909/

Dallas https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/25/dallas-chamber-of-commerce-leads-campaign-to-destroy-public-schools/

Denver https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/08/tom-ultican-the-denver-miracle-voters-eliminate-billionaire-backed-corporate-reformers/  ; and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/08/jeannie-kaplan-denver-voters-give-reform-an-f/

Florida http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/11/fl-how-state-supports-discrimination-by.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Florida (Michigan, DC, and Mississippi) https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/08/g-f-brandenburg-invites-you-to-spot-the-miracles-in-florida-michigan-d-c-and-mississippi/

Florida http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/11/fl-even-state-thinks-florida-virtual.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29  

Houston https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/07/outrage-state-plans-to-take-control-of-houston-district-due-to-1-failing-school/ ; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/07/houston-shame-on-the-texas-education-agency-for-attacking-local-democratic-control-of-public-schools/ ; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/07/houston-the-double-standard-that-favors-charters/; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/18/yes-something-stinks-about-the-state-takeover-of-the-houston-independent-school-district/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/20/houston-hft-files-lawsuit-to-block-state-takeover/

Indiana https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/03/indiana-karen-francisco-on-shady-charter-real-estate-deals/

Kentucky https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/17/peter-greene-beware-kentucky-here-come-the-charter-hucksters/

Kentucky https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/22/kentucky-dont-be-fooled-charters-and-vouchers-harm-children/

Kentucky https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/05/kentucky-state-board-of-education-meets-omits-request-to-fund-charter-schools/

Kentucky https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/05/kentucky-districts-required-to-take-charter-school-training-with-no-charter-schools-in-sight/

Little Rock https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/05/thomas-ultican-wealthy-white-elites-are-attacking-the-little-rock-school-district/

Louisiana https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/10/18/1-3m-wasnt-enough-still-more-walton-money-appears-in-la-s-october-2019-elections/

Louisiana https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/11/03/john-whites-2019-la-naep-and-act-failure/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/04/gary-rubinstein-the-reformers-desperate-effort-to-find-hope-in-the-naep-scores/

Louisiana https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/01/mike-deshotels-on-john-whites-record-as-louisianas-state-superintendent-and-education-reformer/  and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/04/mercedes-schneider-the-failure-of-reform-in-louisiana/

Michigan/Detroit https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/19/michigan-state-takeover-of-detroit-schools-was-a-costly-mistake/

New Hampshire https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/03/new-hampshire-legislature-puts-46-million-federal-charter-school-grant-on-hold/

New York City Robert Pondiscio: Success Academy is better and worse than you think. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/11/pondiscio-success-academy-is-better-and.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

New Orleans https://harpers.org/archive/2019/11/the-k-12-takeover-charter-schools-new-orleans/?emci=391a9478-05ff-e911-828b-2818784d6d68&emdi=cf8d21eb-09ff-e911-828b-2818784d6d68&ceid=7442779; and Jan Resseger’s review of Gabor’s article. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/11/04/21745/ 

New Orleans https://thelensnola.org/2019/11/04/nola-public-schools-sends-warning-letters-to-three-schools-over-special-education-concerns/

New York City https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/21/class-size-matters-the-cost-to-new-york-city-of-paying-rent-for-charter-school-facilities/

New York City https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2019/11/11/success-academy-class-of-2020-sheds-239-scholars-along-the-way/

North Carolina https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/18/betsy-devos-floods-north-carolina-with-charter-cash/

Oakland https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/12/jane-nylund-oakland-is-in-the-sights-of-the-destroy-public-education-crowd-who-control-the-board/

Ohio https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/10/bill-phillis-an-experiment-in-ohio-that-will-probably-never-be-repeated/

Ohio. Resseger: Wealth and Power Undermine Equity and Democracy Across Ohio’s Public School Districts https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/10/25/21617/

Ohio. Resseger  Voucher expansion creates a new kind of school funding inequity. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/11/06/21811/

Ohio https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/21/bill-phillis-it-is-wrong-for-ohio-to-require-public-schools-to-pay-for-transportation-costs-of-charters-and-vouchers/

Oklahoma https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/06/john-thompson-the-new-wave-of-misnaepery-heading-towards-oklahoma-and-other-states/

Pennsylvania https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2019/11/15/vulture-voucher-bill-latest-in-mike-turzais-quest-to-please-betsy-devos-in-pa/; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/15/pennsylvania-gop-speaker-pushes-devos-plan-for-vouchers/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/21/breaking-news-pennsylvania-voucher-bill-blocked-for-now/

Pennsylvania https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/19/pennsylvania-low-performing-charter-school-demands-charter-takeover-of-elementary-schools-in-entire-school-district/

Pennsylvania http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/11/pa-charter-drains-public-schools-now.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Pennsylvania https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/06/pennsylvania-why-did-this-charter-school-ceo-pay-himself-11-million-without-board-approval/

Pennsylvania https://dianeravitch.net/2019/12/08/peter-greene-who-ripped-off-the-public-schools-in-the-chester-upland-district-in-pennsylvania/

Pennsylvania https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2019/12/06/demand-reform-to-pennsylvanias-charter-school-law-before-its-too-late/

 Philadelphia https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/21/philadelphia-school-choice-has-harmed-not-helped-the-citys-public-schools/

Philadelphia https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/24/philadelphia-charter-school-excludes-student-because-she-is-adhd/

Rhode Island https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/29/rhode-island-a-frightening-tour-of-an-achievement-first-charter-school/

Tennessee https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/18/tennessee-dont-copy-alabamas-mistakes/

Tennessee https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/25/tennessee-achievement-school-district-continues-to-show-very-low-test-scores/

Tennessee https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/22/great-hearts-charter-schools-target-middle-class-and-affluent-students/

Texas https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/14/texas-a-power-grab-to-squeeze-the-public-out-of-public-education/  

Washington state. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/23/washington-state-another-charter-school-closes-due-to-dwindling-enrollment/

Washington, DC https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/11/valerie-jablow-d-c-ripped-off-by-charter-real-estate-deals/

Washington, DC https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/11/d-c-charter-enrollment-declines-for-first-time/

Wisconsin https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/15/north-carolina-a-mother-sends-her-children-to-a-charter-school-but-is-shocked-when-she-finds-out-about-the-real-estate-deal/

“Reform” foibles

The failed policy of third grade retention. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/31/nancy-bailey-the-haunted-third-grade-classroom-that-traps-children/ and http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/11/tn-doubling-down-on-bad-reading-policy.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

The tragedy of “portfolio districts”. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/11/26/jan-resseger-the-tragedy-of-portfolio-districts/

High attrition rates in Washington, DC. The highest rated teachers are most likely to leave. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/23/valerie-jablow-teacher-attrition-in-d-c-reaches-crisis-level/

Review of Jeff Bryant’s article on the ongoing impact of the School Leadership pipeline created by Eli Broad’s Superintendents’ Academy. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/10/21/21533/

Unequal Access and Denial of Opportunity: the Collateral Damage of Portfolio School Reform

Technology

Larry Cuban: https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/10/18/the-puzzle-of-similar-teaching-in-universities-and-schools-the-case-of-technology-use/

https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/10/28/design-tech-high-school-part-1/ ; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/10/30/teaching-at-d-tech-high-school-english-part-2/ ; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/11/05/teaching-at-d-tech-high-school-chemistry-part-3/ and https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/11/07/teaching-at-d-tech-high-school-government-part-4/  

The connection between ed tech and “reform”. https://thebaffler.com/salvos/fables-of-school-reform-watters?emci=a5b0ebb9-1715-ea11-828b-2818784d6d68&emdi=c3e6b449-1c15-ea11-828b-2818784d6d68&ceid=7442779

Comments Sept. 12th-Oct. 16th, 2019

Build and Support Issues

Jennifer O’Day and Marshall Smith’s excellent new book, Opportunity for All: A Framework for Quality and Equality in Education Harvard Educational Press (2019)

Why America needs to invest in public education from Forbes magazine. https://www.forbes.com/sites/teddintersmith/2019/09/11/why-america-needs-an-education-imperative/#6cf8ab0f7bd8

Embracing Public Schools as the Very Definition of the Common Good https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/09/13/20939/

What does educational opportunity mean? https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/10/04/21312/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/06/bill-phillis-new-study-shows-that-students-learn-no-less-in-poor-urban-schools/

Cincinnati  Community schools make spectacular progress. https://futureforlearning.org/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/30/andrea-gabor-the-demand-for-a-new-kind-of-civics/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/07/andrea-gabor-to-succeed-in-business-major-in-the-liberal-arts/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/16/mark-weber-the-condition-of-teachers-in-new-jersey/

Louisa Moats on dyslexia. https://www.voyagersopris.com/blog/edview360/2018/10/04/its-dyslexia 

What’s the difference between an organized phonics approach and balanced literacy. https://www.edweek.org/ew/section/multimedia/phonics-vs-balanced-literacy-a-classroom-comparison.html?cmp=eml-enl-tu-news1&M=58953216&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

The importance of content knowledge to reading comprehension. https://www.edutopia.org/article/research-zeroes-barrier-reading-plus-tips-teachers

Stanford’s Sean Riordan: Schools alone can’t overcome racial achievement gaps caused by concentrated poverty. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/09/25/21139/

Wisconsin. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/27/milwaukee-school-board-votes-to-restore-music-education-in-every-public-school/  

Charter, Voucher, and Privatization Foibles

Carol Burris. Federal report finds no difference in performance between charters and public schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/28/carol-burris-federal-analysis-finds-no-difference-in-performance-between-charter-schools-and-public-schools/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/15/jan-resseger-why-democrats-should-fight-for-public-schools-and-oppose-charter-schools/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/14/maurice-cunningham-the-waltons-create-a-national-parents-union/

Are charter schools public schools? Shawgi Tell says no.   https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/14/shawgi-tell-are-charter-schools-public-schools/

Jeff Bryant on the disaster of private companies working an insider game for lucrative contracts. https://www.salon.com/2019/09/20/school-leadership-disaster-private-companies-work-an-insider-game-to-reap-lucrative-contracts_partner/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/01/michael-kohlhaas-the-california-charter-school-associations-secret-reprehensible-goals/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/13/los-altos-california-fights-elite-charter-school/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/04/california-a-charter-chain-so-awful-that-the-charter-lobby-expelled-it/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/15/indiana-west-lafayette-public-schools-sues-the-state-for-taking-their-property-and-giving-it-to-charter-industry-for-1/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/17/devos-and-her-aides-will-promote-vouchers-and-charters-across-the-country/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/14/tom-ultican-will-inspire-charters-be-the-next-big-scandal/

Alabama. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/24/terri-michal-the-charter-land-grab-in-birmingham/

Alabama. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/03/alabama-montgomerys-first-charter-school-descends-into-chaos-after-six-weeks/

Arkansas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/02/max-brantley-the-little-rock-school-crisis-and-parents-fight-to-stop-walton-funded-takeover/ ; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/11/arkansas-state-board-votes-to-restore-local-control-to-little-rock-but-read-the-fine-print/ ; and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/11/tim-jackson-why-little-rock-parents-cannot-trust-arkansas-governor-or-state-board/

Arkansas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/11/rev-dr-anika-whitfield-on-arkansas-decision-to-crush-little-rock-teachers-union/

Arkansas/ https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/10/arkansas-inside-the-shadowy-world-of-the-school-choice-movement-part-1/; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/11/arkansas-inside-the-shadowy-world-of-the-school-choice-movement-part-2/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/12/arkansas-inside-the-shadowy-world-of-the-school-choice-movement-part-3/ ; https://myrenegadelife.com/2019/10/10/inside-the-shadowy-world-of-the-arkansas-school-choice-movement-part-4-cutting-off-the-head-of-the-snake/ ; and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/15/arkansas-inside-the-shadowy-world-of-the-school-choice-movement-part-5/

Chicago. Rahm’s and Arne’s Legacies Continue to Damage Chicago Public Schools, Especially in Black Neighborhoods  https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/10/02/21278/

Louisiana. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/13/mercedes-schneider-louisiana-state-board-of-education-bought-and-paid-for/

Los Angeles. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/07/los-angeles-michael-kohlhaas-explains-how-charter-lobby-neutralized-the-lausd-inspector-general/

Los Angeles. Can charter and public schools share space without fights? LAUSD’s $5.5-million solution:https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2019-10-02/charter-schools-campus-sharing-grants

Michigan. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/02/michigan-for-profit-charter-operator-pulls-a-fast-one-on-parents/

Nevada. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/19/nevada-vouchers-and-the-definition-of-insanity/

Nevada, Several Charter Schools in Trouble: https://kdwn.com/2019/10/07/several-charter-schools-in-trouble/

New Orleans. Tom Ultican: https://tultican.com/2019/10/02/new-orleans-education-is-inefficient-expensive-and-sad/

New Orleans. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/16/mercedes-schneider-on-the-new-orleans-effort-to-end-its-teacher-shortage/

New Orleans. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/06/new-orleans-a-charter-school-finds-out-that-making-bold-promises-is-not-enough/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/16/bill-phillis-charters-in-ohio-are-failing-state-wasted-11-billion/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/17/stephen-dyer-charter-schools-in-ohio-get-failing-grades-from-state/

Ohio. State punches Youngstown schools with legislative assault on local control. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/10/14/21443/

Ohio. Innovation Ohio Report: Ohio Budget Eases Oversight of Charter Schools and Provides Windfall for Ohio School Vouchers  https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/09/30/21235/   

Ohio. Jan Resseger: State Takeover Fails in Youngstown, Ohio, So State Kills Elected Local Board

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/16/bill-phillis-never-thought-this-would-happen-in-america/

Pennsylvania. Republican speaker of the house berates public schools and their teachers but praises charters. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/22/pennsylvania-speaker-of-the-house-berates-public-schools-and-their-teachers-praises-charters/

Tennessee. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/20/amy-frogge-how-edupreneurs-took-nashville-for-a-ride/ but see https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/27/nashville-school-board-rejects-rocketship-charter/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/23/texas-special-rules-special-treatment-for-charter-honchos/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/15/texas-charter-schools-dont-believe-the-boasting-and-hype/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/21/texas-the-hoax-and-lies-perpetrated-by-the-charter-industry/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/02/william-j-gumbert-red-flags-and-charter-schools-in-texas/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/27/steve-miller-texas-charter-schools-are-transparent-except-when-they-are-not/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/07/dallas-charter-school-ceo-convicted-of-taking-kickbacks-on-contract/

Utah. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/15/utah-two-new-charter-schools-may-close-by-end-of-year/

Washington. Lavish Lobbying Ensures that Washington, D.C. Charter Schools Remain Unregulated

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/03/d-c-kipps-sweet-deal-in-the-district-of-columbia-to-scoop-up-closed-public-schools/

Wisconsin. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/17/wisconsin-parents-outraged-that-devos-is-selling-vouchers-to-them/

Technology

https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/09/23/techno-optimism-meets-schools-schools-win-part-1/ and https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/09/26/techno-optimists-meet-school-school-wins-part-2/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/12/mineola-n-y-a-third-grade-classroom-where-students-spend-75-of-the-day-on-their-ipads/

The Perils of “Reform”

New book on the failure of educational reform. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/17/the-perfect-storm-disasterof-education-reform/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/09/have-you-heard-the-koch-plan-to-eliminate-public-education/

Tim Seklar on the exodus of teachers from their chosen profession. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/10/07/21341/

Teacher identifies 10 “reforms” that have damaged NC’s public schools: http://pulse.ncpolicywatch.org/2019/10/08/teacher-identifies-10-reforms-that-have-damaged-ncs-public-schools/

Five Signs Your Reform Has Become Another Education Fad: http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/rick_hess_straight_up/2019/10/five_signs_your_reform_has_become_another_education_fad.html 

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/04/jan-resseger-new-study-shows-that-schools-dont-fix-poverty/

Resseger: New Reports Confirm Persistent Child Poverty While Policymakers Blame Educators and Fail to Address Core Problem https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/09/20/21049/ and Ohio Senate blames teachers and schools in socio-economic areas while underfunding those schools. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/09/18/20995/  

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/25/north-carolina-school-grades-measure-income-not-school-quality/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/05/kentucky-new-school-rating-system-is-likely-to-identify-schools-with-high-poverty-enrollments/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/21/how-a-minnesota-foundation-wasted-45-million-on-a-failed-plan-to-reform-teacher-education/

ALEC’s faulty “report card”. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/09/alec-issues-report-card-but-still-fails.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/30/john-thompson-can-online-learning-survive-the-profiteers-and-frauds/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/10/texas-commissioner-threatens-to-dismiss-elected-board-because-one-high-school-has-low-scores/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/19/audrey-watters-the-iron-rule-of-silicon-valley-thou-shalt-not-criticize-a-start-up/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/19/rhode-island-governor-raimondo-wants-to-recruit-more-tfa-teachers/

https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/09/12/so-what-the-importance-of-knowing-about-success-and-failure-in-american-schools-part-1/  and https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/09/14/so-what-the-importance-of-knowing-about-success-and-failure-in-american-schools-part-2/  

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/10/north-carolina-a-sad-bedtime-story-about-a-failed-state-takeover/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/15/note-to-rhode-island-officials-expanding-achievement-first-charters-will-not-help-providence-public-schools/

Even though ESEA dropped the requirement for test driven teacher evaluation because of major flaws, 34 states still require them. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/10/11/21409/

Value added problems in Florida. http://vamboozled.com/time-to-organize-in-florida/  and http://vamboozled.com/more-on-the-vam-abuse-in-florida/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/30/red-queen-in-l-a-no-we-do-not-need-a-yelp-for-schools/  

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/20/tom-ultican-relay-graduate-school-of-education-is-a-marketworld-fraud/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/20/new-york-times-the-disappearing-schools-of-puerto-rico/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/14/peter-greene-are-corporate-reformers-taking-new-york-city-for-a-ride/; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/04/new-york-city-joins-forces-with-corporate-reformers/ ; and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/10/09/leonie-haimson-deblasios-hypocritical-embrace-of-corporate-reform/

Comments 8/11/19-9/9/19

Build and Support Issues

How a Flawed Idea is Teaching Millions of Kids to Be Poor Readers https://www.apmreports.org/story/2019/08/22/whats-wrong-how-schools-teach-reading

Learning Policy Institute: Lessons from the Golden State. https://learningpolicyinstitute.org/blog/advancing-equity-excellence-lessons-golden-state?utm_source=LPI+Master+List&utm_campaign=4b69734bcb-LPIMC_CALessons_PositiveOutliers_20190814&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_7e60dfa1d8-4b69734bcb-42289731

Learning Policy Institute: Effective Professional Development https://learningpolicyinstitute.org/product/effective-teacher-professional-development-report

How Not to Blow Continuous Improvement https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/how-not-blow-continuous-school-improvement-moment?utm_source=X+National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=3c1e4bd9a1-20160918_LateLateBell9_16_2016_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-3c1e4bd9a1-71635837&mc_cid=3c1e4bd9a1&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

What Finland is actually doing to improve its acclaimed schools. https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/08/30/what-finland-is-really-doing-improve-its-acclaimed-schools/?noredirect=on

Why I Pay School Taxes. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/28/speduktr-why-i-pay-school-taxes/

Six problems with a growth mindset strategy. https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2019/08/12/six-problems-with-a-growth-mindset-in-education/

Jan Resseger: When traditional educators set education policy and speak for public schools, it makes a difference. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/08/12/20686/

Dyslexia doesn’t mean low intelligence. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/cracking-the-code-of-dyslexia/

Free science materials. https://edsource.org/2019/nationwide-project-provides-free-science-materials-to-meet-californias-new-standards/616162

Marc Tucker: Part 2 of the world’s best educational research strategies. http://ncee.org/2019/08/education-research-2/

Gary Rubenstein: How to change math instruction. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2013/10/19/death-of-math/

 US students score low on problem solving compared to other industrial nations. http://ncee.org/2019/08/21st-century-skills-can-us-compete/

Rebuttal to NYTimes 1619 article on slavery. https://reason.com/2019/08/21/the-founders-were-flawed-the-nation-is-imperfect-the-constitution-is-still-a-glorious-liberty-document/  

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/25/bill-phillis-those-who-know-public-schools-best-love-them/

Charter, Voucher, Privatization, and Public School Hostility Travails

Wall Street Journal opinion piece on why charter performance claims of success are an illusion. https://www.wsj.com/articles/charter-schools-success-is-an-illusion-11566859572

Lubienski and Malin: School Vouchers Actually Harm Children https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/03/lubienski-and-malin-school-vouchers-actually-harm-children/

How ALEC seeks to destroy public education; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/31/alec-advocate-for-charters-and-vouchers-and-scourge-of-teachers-unions/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/09/sarah-lahm-why-democrats-should-speak-out-against-nonprofit-charter-schools/

Jeff Bryant: How private vetting firms are ruining superintendent’s searches. https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/08/a-national-public-school-leadership-disaster-private-firms-vetting-candidates-for-superintendent.html

Tom Ultican: Broad academy graduates are destroying public education. https://tultican.com/2019/08/29/broads-academy-and-residencies-fuel-the-destroy-public-education-agenda/

What happened to students who began a Kipp school in 2003. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/27/what-happened-to-the-students-who-began-in-kipp-in-2003/

Jan Resseger: https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/08/14/it-will-take-years-to-recover-from-whats-been-the-matter-with-kansas-and-lots-of-other-states/

Tultican: The New Teacher Project is out to Destroy Public Education https://tultican.com/2019/08/10/tntp-is-a-part-of-the-destroy-public-education-infrastructure/

John Thompson’s new book on the dangers of privatization of public service. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/28/john-thompson-reviews-an-important-new-book-about-privatization-of-public-services/

Charter cyber schools prey on poor school districts. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/08/pa-poorer-districts-worst-hit-by-cyber.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29 

Steve Singer: Charter Schools are Gobbling Up My School District https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/17/steven-singer-charter-schools-are-gobbling-up-my-school-district/

Shawgi Tell: Charter school lobbyists are on the defensive. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/12/shawgi-tell-charter-lobbyists-are-on-the-defensive/

Arkansas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/04/the-walton-plot-to-privatize-the-public-schools-of-arkansas/

Alabama. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/03/alabama-only-had-4-charter-schools-so-betsy-devos-gave-the-state-25-million-to-get-more/

California. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/12/california-inspire-charter-chain-grows-while-floundering/  

California. Another low performing charter scam. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/28/los-angeles-controversial-charter-leader-takes-over-learn4life-centers/

California. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/27/california-schools-tied-to-massive-online-charter-scandal-are-closing/

California. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/21/study-charters-in-california-enroll-fewer-students-with-disabilities-fewer-with-severe-disabilities/

California. The home-school charter business behind the latest scandals. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/08/ca-homeschool-charter-business-behind.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

California. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/29/bombshell-in-california-e-mails-reveal-charter-lobbys-goal-of-complete-privatization-of-all-schools-in-the-state/

Charter School legislative battle ends in a compromise. https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2019-08-28/california-charter-schools-deal-sacramento

Alabama. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/13/alabama-welcomes-for-profit-k12-online-school-to-suck-out-of-its-underfunded-public-schools/

Alabama. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/26/larry-lee-what-charter-pushers-dont-understand-about-rural-communities-like-fruitdale/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/14/ohio-gets-another-virtual-charter-school/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/14/bill-phillis-charter-enrollment-in-ohio-drops-sharply/

Ohio. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/08/21/the-huge-implications-for-ohios-public-schools-of-state-budget-provision-that-expand-vouchers/

Kansas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/18/jan-resseger-tax-cuts-in-kansas-produce-civic-disaster/

Rhode Island. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/23/providence-plans-to-defund-its-public-schools-to-expand-no-excuses-charter/

Rhode Island. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/22/rhode-island-state-senator-demands-ousting-of-achievement-first-because-of-abusive-behavior-towards-students/

Kentucky. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/16/kentucky-the-states-attacks-on-its-teachers-are-outrageous/

New Hampshire. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/07/betsy-devos-floods-new-hampshire-with-46-million-for-charters/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/21/texas-the-idea-charter-flimflam/

Texas. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/05/texas-public-schools-outperform-charter-schools/

Pennsylvania. Steven Singer: https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2019/08/22/gov-wolf-tries-to-stop-charter-schools-gorging-on-public-school-funding/

Pennsylvania. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/17/pennsylvania-governor-wolf-proposes-charter-law-reform-charter-lobby-cries-foul/

Pennsylvania. Peter Greene: Gov. of Pennsylvania says charter schools are private not public schools. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/08/pa-governor-calls-charters-private.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Pennsylvania. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/22/pennsylvania-bethlehem-superintendent-speaks-out-against-harm-of-privatization/

Pennsylvania. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/06/carol-burris-the-charter-industry-in-pennsylvania-is-rife-with-profiteering-greed-and-corruption/

Pennsylvania: Steve Singer https://gadflyonthewallblog.com/2019/08/18/whos-trading-public-school-funding-for-a-tax-credit/

North Carolina. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/08/ca-homeschool-charter-business-behind.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Oklahoma. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/20/john-thompson-an-epic-case-of-fraud-in-oklahoma/

Tennessee. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/30/tennessee-davidson-county-school-board-votes-to-close-three-charter-schools/

West Virginia. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/20/west-virginia-charter-advocates-are-perturbed/

Gary, Indiana  https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/24/jan-resseger-for-profit-mgt-did-not-turn-around-the-schools-of-gary-indiana/

Louisiana. The failure of vouchers. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/26/louisiana-the-failure-of-vouchers/

New Orleans. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/14/mercedes-schneider-on-nola-charter-chaos/

New Orleans. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/16/new-orleans-test-scores-stall-below-state-average-teacher-retention-at-crisis-level/

New Orleans. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/20/new-orleans-an-amazing-feat-of-spinning-poor-results/

New Orleans. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/16/new-orleans-how-a-student-graduated-although-she-could-not-count-or-read/

New Orleans. Twenty-five percent of students are chronically absent. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/19/new-orleans-25-of-students-are-chronically-absent/

New Orleans. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/09/02/nola-2018-19-ap-scores-two-high-schools-carry-the-entire-district/

New York City. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/30/how-deblasio-protects-the-charter-industry-in-nyc/

Tulsa. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/09/tulsa-how-data-and-gates-consultant-persuaded-public-to-close-public-schools-and-cut-their-budget/

San Antonio. Betsy DeVos’s plan to overrun San Antonia with charter schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/17/reader-why-charter-schools-demand-federal-money/

Washington DC. https://tultican.com/2019/09/08/dc-charter-school-performance-almost-matches-public-schools/

Washington DC. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/08/district-of-columbia-rachel-cohen-explains-how-taxpayers-fund-an-army-of-charter-school-lobbyists/

The Failed Promise of School Reform

Wall Street Journal front page article raises questions about heavy reliance on classroom technology. https://www.wsj.com/articles/in-a-school-district-where-technology-rules-grades-fall-parents-ask-why-11567523719 and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/08/wall-street-journal-schools-invest-zillions-in-technology-parents-push-back/

What do education reform failures have in common. https://www.educationnext.org/what-do-education-reform-failures-have-common/

Peter Greene: The “burn and churn” model has not worked. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/08/burn-and-churn-mcmodel-is-failing.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

GERM: Stopping the worldwide “reform” movement. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/31/germ-warfare-stopping-the-global-education-reform-movement/  

Peter Greene: 3rd grade reading retention doesn’t work. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/09/third-grade-reading-retention-does-not.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Three “reform” high schools funded at $10 million each fail. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/15/three-of-10-xq-schools-have-failed-despite-a-promise-of-10-million-each-to-reinvent-high-school/ and another $10 million dollar “reform” high school fails. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/12/laurene-powell-jobs-another-10-million-xq-school-fails/

Tom Ultican: Teach for America is bad for America. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/19/tom-ultican-tfa-is-bad-for-america/

California. Criticism of Los Angeles School District’s plan to rank schools by a single measure. https://edsource.org/2019/qa-with-michael-kirst-single-rating-for-schools-just-too-simplistic/617064?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=qa-with-michael-kirst-single-rating-for-schools-just-too-simplistic-9-07-19; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/18/los-angeles-lausd-ponders-dumb-plan-to-grade-schools/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/06/los-angeles-astroturf-parent-group-pressures-beutner-to-rate-schools-by-their-test-scores/

MGT Consultants: Profiting from the School Crisis in Gary, Indiana and Taking Over Three Colorado School Districts. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/08/23/20861/

Ohio. State takeover focuses on districts with high levels of poor children of color. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/01/ohio-state-takeovers-target-districts-that-enroll-poor-children-of-color/

Providence. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/09/05/providence-parents-and-students-demand-a-seat-at-the-table-in-state-takeover-plan/

Fordham: Three lessons from Tennessee’s school turnaround efforts. https://fordhaminstitute.org/ohio/commentary/three-school-turnaround-lessons-learn-tennessee?mc_cid=3f6c0611d5&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Newark eliminates pay for performance. Jersey Jazzman: The merit pay fairy dies in Newark. https://jerseyjazzman.blogspot.com/2019/08/the-merit-pay-fairy-dies-in-newark.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FCqnJA+%28Jersey+Jazzman%29 and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/20/newark-wipes-out-performance-pay-for-teachers/

Larry Cuban: several posts on the realities of reforming schools. https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/08/14/bread-crumbs-and-school-reform/; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/08/17/one-way-or-two-way-traffic-the-policy-to-practice-street/ ; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/08/31/from-policy-to-practice-reforming-american-schools-and-classroom-lessons/ ; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/09/04/why-is-incremental-change-in-schooling-typical/; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/09/07/seating-charts-and-the-grammar-of-schooling/  and https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/08/22/teaching-in-the-age-of-trump-andrea-rinard/

Jan Resseger: Don’t trust superintendents from Chiefs for Change. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/15/jan-resseger-do-not-trust-superintendents-from-jeb-bushs-chiefs-for-change/  

Comments July 13-Aug. 10, 2019

Build and Support Issues

John Morrow: The purpose of public schools is to grow American citizens. https://www.forbes.com/sites/johnmerrow/2019/07/18/the-purpose-of-school-to-help-grow-american-citizens/#4b27fdef5ba6

The importance of a common curriculum. https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/colin-kaepernick-and-death-common-school?utm_source=X+National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=9aaf19f03b-20160918_LateLateBell9_16_2016_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-9aaf19f03b-71635837&mc_cid=9aaf19f03b&mc_eid=ebbe04a807  

Successful school improvement through capacity building. http://ncee.org/2019/07/a-successful-reform/

https://learningforward.org/publications/recent-research-and-reports/the-path-to-instructional-excellence-and-equitable-outcomes

http://www.ncsl.org/research/education/no-time-to-lose-how-to-build-a-world-class-education-system-state-by-state.aspx

Andrea Gabor: What comes after the heavy reliance on testing. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/31/andrea-gabor-what-to-do-when-the-testing-madness-ends/

Schools strive to serve immigrant children. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/07/12/20392/

Teacher driven professional development. https://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/next_gen_learning/2019/07/the_modern_classrooms_project_a_teacher-driven_pd_model_that_works.html

 The Financial Calamity that is the Teaching Profession, Atlantic Magazine https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2019/07/aft-and-low-paid-teachers-are-suing-betsy-devos/594103/

Treat teachers like doctors and lawyers to alleviate the teacher shortage. https://www.epi.org/publication/teacher-shortage-professional-development-and-learning-communities/?utm_source=Economic+Policy+Institute&utm_campaign=3f8f43e721-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_02_22_11_12_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_e7c5826c50-3f8f43e721-55876685&mc_cid=3f8f43e721&mc_eid=c2e5bac0f3 and http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/08/guest-post-please-treat-teachers-like.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Poll shows more than half of our public school teachers have considered quitting because of low pay and lack of respect. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/poll-shows-widespread-frustration-among-teachers-over-pay-and-respect/2019/08/05/b39004be-b701-11e9-bad6-609f75bfd97f_story.html?wpisrc=nl_rainbow&wpmm=1

Larry Cuban: A Gift that Never Stops Giving; Being a Teacher https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/08/08/a-gift-that-never-stops-giving-being-a-teacher/

Atlanta schools need continuous improvement not disruptive change. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/22/ed-johnson-atlanta-schools-need-improvement-not-change/

Larry Cuban: https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/08/06/how-do-teachers-teach-then-and-now/

Bargaining for the common good in education. https://smlr.rutgers.edu/sites/default/files/ciwo_bcg-memo.pdf 

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/10/beware-of-right-wing-groups-promoting-union-busting-shell-called-free-to-teach/

Charter, Voucher, and Privatization Travails

Peter Greene: How school choice undermines democratic processes. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/07/how-school-choice-undermines-democratic.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Peter Greene: Why charter schools must waste money. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/07/why-charter-schools-must-waste-money.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

A review of a new book about competition and choice. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/08/04/book-review-a-contest-without-winners-how-students-experience-competitive-school-choice/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/15/bill-phillis-who-is-protecting-imam-gulen/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/03/alabama-education-association-sues-gulen-school-alleges-fraud/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/17/jake-jacobs-democratic-candidates-speak-double-talk-about-charters/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/08/alert-koch-brothers-are-paying-operatives-to-sow-discord-in-naacp/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/25/the-price-of-test-scores-at-success-academy/

Diane Ravitch rebuts Robert Pondiscio’s defense of harsh, no excuses schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/27/robert-pondiscio-why-poor-children-of-color-need-no-excuses-charterschools/

https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/07/31/many-ways-one-powerful-nonprofit-organization-its-leader-help-charter-schools/?can_id=fd55cb7b7ce430955ebd269cae3a9917&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&email_referrer=email_590010&email_referrer=email_590010&email_subject=the-charter-school-money-grab-where-the-candidates-stand-and-more&email_subject=the-charter-school-real-estate-grab-where-the-candidates-stand-and-more&link_id=1&link_id=2&source=email-the-charter-school-money-grab-where-the-candidates-stand-and-more-2

Utah https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/21/utah-charter-friendly-legislator-makes-millions-from-helping-charters/

California https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/02/will-huntsberry-a-nonprofit-charter-chain-in-california-reaps-huge-windfalls-from-its-entwined-business-deals/

Michigan https://www.eclectablog.com/2019/08/when-do-not-for-profit-and-for-profit-mean-the-same-thing-welcome-to-michigans-dystopian-charter-schools.html

Florida Unmasking a major charter school scandal. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/02/carol-burris-unmasking-a-major-charter-scam-in-florida/  

 Pennsylvania https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/23/pennsylvania-the-states-largest-charter-school-low-performing-but-profitable/

Arizona https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/02/arizona-charter-founder-is-sued-for-using-school-funds-for-gym-fees-trip-to-hawaii-other-personal-expenses/

Tennessee https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/23/tennessee-how-dark-money-devos-and-governor-lee-conspired-to-pass-a-voucher-bill-and-questions-about-crime-and-punishment/

Indiana and Oklahoma https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/24/bill-phillis-oklahoma-and-indiana-join-the-states-that-were-defrauded-by-online-charter-operators/

Oklahoma investigators find a $10 million virtual charter school scam. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/18/oklahoma-legislator-questions-why-state-is-giving-millions-to-virtual-charter-school/ and https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/07/20/oklahomas-epic-virtual-charter-school-too-much-money-too-fast-and-more/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/09/john-thompson-oklahomas-epic-charter-fraud/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/08/oklahoma-officials-cant-track-ghost-students-in-online-charter-school-scandal/

Florida.  Local superintendent defies push for privatization. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/07/fl-trees-and-taj-mahal.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Kentucky https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/24/can-kentucky-steer-clear-of-charter-scams-and-frauds/

Georgia K-12 virtual schools, fined tens of millions of dollars for fraud in California,  wants to open a huge virtual school in Georgia. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/24/georgia-k12-inc-proposes-another-virtual-charter-school-for-8000-students/ Diane Ravitch: The Virtual Charter schools of for-profit K12 Inc. have been noted for high attrition, low test scores, low graduation rates, and high profits.

Newark, New Jersey https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/25/jersey-jazzman-how-creaming-works-in-the-charter-schools-of-newark/

Camden, New Jersey https://jerseyjazzman.blogspot.com/2019/07/whats-really-happening-in-camdens.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FCqnJA+%28Jersey+Jazzman%29

California https://tultican.com/2019/07/18/reforming-californias-dysfunctional-charter-school-law/

Los Angeles https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/18/los-angeles-board-member-shares-secret-information-with-charter-lobbyists-first/

Los Angeles https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/18/fbi-raids-home-of-charter-school-leader-and-seizes-records-of-failed-school/

Los Angeles https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/19/michael-kohlhaas-charter-school-pays-consultant-850-for-every-student-he-signs-up/

San Diego https://www.voiceofsandiego.org/topics/education/a-classic-conflict-of-interest-entangled-business-deals-at-charter-school-chain-learn4life/

 Puerto Rico https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/19/did-betsy-devoss-school-choice-zealotry-enable-the-corruption-scandal-in-puerto-rico/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/23/randi-weingarten-corruption-and-mismanagement-in-puerto-rico/ and https://www.truthdig.com/articles/a-movement-against-charter-schools-helped-oust-puerto-ricos-governor/

New Orleans https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/20/new-orleans-one-of-citys-oldest-charter-organizations-closes-down-amid-multiple-scandals/

New Orleans https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/07/27/the-new-orleans-charter-fiasco-train-add-another-car/

New Orleans https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/08/07/new-orleans-kennedy-high-school-grading-fiasco-and-perforated-accountability/

Washington, DC. Lack of transparency in DC charter schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/25/valerie-jablow-shhh-charter-schools-in-d-c-keep-their-industry-secrets-no-transparency-for-them/

Detroit https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/30/detroit-top-students-at-charter-school-face-punishment-for-critical-graduation-speeches/

New Bedford,  Mass.https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/18/new-bedford-mass-a-bad-deal-that-puts-a-charter-school-first/

“Reform” problems

The failure of market driven reforms by Tom Ultican https://tultican.com/2019/07/27/five-decades-of-marketworld-education-reform/

Gary Rubinstein finds that contrary to suggestions student work being assigned is appropriate. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2019/07/30/the-missed-opportunity-myth/

Betsy DeVos sued for loan forgiveness mismanagement https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/07/15/20415/

State takeover the wrong remedy for Providence public schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/22/domingo-morel-state-takeover-is-the-wrong-answer-for-providence-schools/

Texas: Don’t take over Houston’s public schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/08/06/texas-dont-take-over-houstons-public-schools/

America’s New School Lunch Policy: Punishing Hungry Students for Their Parents’ Poverty

Technology

Peter Greene: What can we learn from the epic failure of an experimental high-tech wunderschool. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/08/what-can-we-learn-from-experimental.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/19/fbi-warns-of-cyberattacks-on-technology-based-schools-the-downside-of-digital-learning/

Comments June 17th-July 12, 2019

Build and Support Issues

How to get your kid to read more. https://www.kqed.org/mindshift/46501/how-to-help-students-develop-a-love-of-reading  

Atlantic: The importance of content for reading comprehension and the problem with heavy emphasis on skill instruction after children learn foundation skills. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2019/08/the-radical-case-for-teaching-kids-stuff/592765/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=atlantic-daily-newsletter&utm_content=20190709&silverid-ref=MzIxODYxNzA4MTE0S0 and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/12/bob-shepherd-assessing-e-d-hirsch-jr-and-cultural-literacy/

One third of the available jobs require an AA degree but not a four year college degree. https://www.ppic.org/blog/video-career-pathways-and-economic-mobility-at-californias-community-colleges/?utm_source=ppic&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=blog_subscriber  

How 32 school districts are reimaging CTE education. http://research.crpe.org/reports/rethinking-cte/leading-programs/

10 California districts struggle and find some success in shift to common core math. https://edsource.org/2019/10-california-districts-struggle-and-find-some-success-as-they-shift-to-common-core-math/615109

Teachers work longer In the US according an International teacher survey https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2019/06/19/teachers-around-the-world-say-theyre-satisfied.html?cmp=eml-enl-tu-news2&M=58863824&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

Jan Resseger: Despite Cruel Conditions at the Border and Threatened ICE Raids, Educators Across U.S. Strive to Serve Immigrant Children https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/07/12/20392/  

Fordham on civics education. https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/cultivating-patriotism-first-job-civics-education?utm_source=Fordham+Institute+Newsletters+%26+Announcements&utm_campaign=4b1fbd9731-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_07_03_03_43&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_5fa2df08a3-4b1fbd9731-71867561&mc_cid=4b1fbd9731&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/chicago-new-early-warning-indicator-elementary-schools?utm_source=X+National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=930710bb99-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_07_10_04_44&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-930710bb99-71635837&mc_cid=930710bb99&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Cutting Public Education

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/17/valerie-jablow-d-c-chancellor-ferebee-is-cutting-the-budgets-of-public-schools-while-shifting-funds-to-new-charter-schools/

Charter School, Privatization, and Voucher Issues

Jeff Bryant: Why won’t the charter school industry reform itself? https://www.commondreams.org/views/2019/07/10/why-wont-charter-school-industry-acknowledge-its-documented-failures

How non-profit charters actually make a profit or benefit for-profit companies. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/11/mercedes-schneider-how-non-profit-charters-make-a-profit/; and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/22/ohio-for-profit-charters-get-rich-running-non-profit-charters-taxpayers-and-students-get-stiffed/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/07/carol-burris-dont-let-democratic-candidates-get-away-with-im-against-for-profit-charters/

Carol Burris: Federal charter school program is a slush fund. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/25/carol-burris-federal-charter-school-program-is-a-slush-fund/

Jan Resseger: Politicians Are Discovering They Can No Longer Ignore Charter School Outrages. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/06/28/20299/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/09/noliwe-rooks-speaks-about-school-privatization-and-racial-inequity/

https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2019/06/09/the-harsh-discipline-of-no-excuses-charter-schools.html?r=1625209195 Is a strict no-excuse policy necessary or counter-productive?

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/20/civil-rights-leader-jitu-brown-speaks-out-against-privatization-by-charters-and-vouchers/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/08/mitchell-robinson-tax-credits-are-a-zombie-idea/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/12/los-angeles-the-absurdity-of-co-location/

California. $50 million scam:  https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/18/how-online-charter-operators-scammed-more-than-50-million-from-taxpayers-and-schools-in-california/; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/21/mercedes-schneider-on-the-biggest-charter-heist-in-history-more-than-50-million-and-still-counting/; and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/10/tom-ultican-how-charter-operators-scammed-50-million-or-more-from-california/  Why California charters have so little oversight. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/24/edsource-why-california-charter-schools-have-little-or-no-oversight/; and Andrea Gabor on the backlash in California against charter schools. https://www.ineteconomics.org/perspectives/blog/charter-schools-unleashed-educational-hunger-games-in-california-now-its-fighting-back;

https://capitalandmain.com/when-charter-schools-fail-parents-are-left-scrambling-0709;

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/06/west-contra-costa-public-schools-lose-27-9-million-annually-to-charter-schools/

Florida. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/06/19/in-floridas-tangled-mess-of-school-privatization-students-rights-are-trampled-tax-dollars-wasted/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/21/national-education-policy-center-florida-claims-about-charter-schools-are-meaningless/

New York City. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/06/new-york-times-charters-in-nyc-trying-to-reform-themselves-as-backlash-grows/

Indiana. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/21/karen-francisco-indianas-school-choice-frauds/

Washington state. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/03/washington-state-bold-experiment-with-charters-is-flunking/

Ohio. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/21/bill-phillis-stop-online-theft-of-public-funds/; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/22/ohio-more-charter-scandals-running-on-steam/

New Orleans. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/06/22/new-orleans-charter-school-fradulently-tried-to-graduate-49-of-its-class-of-2019/ ; https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/06/27/consequence-of-nola-high-school-grade-fix-all-new-orleans-hs-student-records-to-be-audited/

Pennsylvania. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/03/pennsylvanias-expensive-ineffective-cyber-charters/

Nevada. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/09/angie-sullivan-the-great-charter-scam-in-nevada/

Oklahoma. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/02/oklahoma-teachers-accuse-for-profit-charter-chain-of-fraud/

Newark, New Jersey. https://jerseyjazzman.blogspot.com/2019/06/the-facts-about-newarks-schools-update.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FCqnJA+%28Jersey+Jazzman%29

Kansas. https://ncspe.tc.columbia.edu/working-papers/WP237.pdf?utm_source=WP+237-2&utm_campaign=Charter+Schools+and+Race+in+Kansas+City&utm_medium=email

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/30/great-britain-school-privatization-run-amok/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/29/peter-greene-devos-puts-profits-over-students-are-you-surprised/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/28/shawgi-tell-david-osborne-neoliberal-privatizer/; neo-liberalism undermines the common good by promoting vouchers and charter schools. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/07/03/20315/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/20/the-nation-the-charter-industrys-dishonest-attack-on-bernie-sanders/

“Reform” Foibles

Skepticism grows about test-based school accountability and privatization. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/06/24/20239/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/25/chester-e-finn-jr-the-persistent-failure-of-big-shiny-ideas-to-reinvent-schools/

Jan Resseger: Florida’s failed education reforms. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/29/jan-resseger-floridas-education-disaster/

Five reasons school takeovers fail. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/06/five-reasons-school-takeovers-fail.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29 and see https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/28/bill-phillis-state-takeovers-cause-chaos-not-improvement/  

Why standardized tests aren’t working for teachers. https://www.edweek.org/tm/articles/2019/06/19/why-standardized-tests-arent-working-for-teachers.html?r=1701257789

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/18/teacher-stop-ranking-schools-it-is-a-fraud/; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/28/missouri-u-s-news-overlooked-one-of-the-nations-best-high-schools/

Technology

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/07/06/leonie-haimson-what-you-need-to-know-about-czis-summit-learning-and-student-privacy/

Comments May 14th-June 17th, 2019

“Build and Support” Issues

Learning Policy Institutes’ report on 156 districts achieving at higher levels. California’s Positive Outliers; Districts beating the odds. Experienced teachers made the difference. https://edsource.org/2019/experienced-teachers-key-in-california-districts-that-beat-the-odds/612611  and https://learningpolicyinstitute.org/product/positive-outliers-districts-beating-odds-report?utm_source=LPI+Master+List&utm_campaign=b8a094c94a-LPIMC_PositiveOutliersQuant_20190516&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_7e60dfa1d8-b8a094c94a-42289731

Seven new schools join the list of previously 45 schools identified as high-achieving opportunity schools. https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/05/20/here-are-schools-opportunity-that-show-us-way-forward/?utm_term=.25795df658b3

Pew reports: Public school funding is still below 2008 levels in most states. https://twitter.com/PewStates/status/1136976108333744129; and https://www.pewtrusts.org/research-and-analysis/issue-briefs/2019/06/lost-decade-casts-a-post-recession-shadow-on-state-finances?utm_campaign=finance_economy&utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=social&utm_content=k12

Rethinking the American High School. Review of Jal Mehta and Sarah Fine’s recent  book. https://harvardmagazine.com/2019/05/high-school-rigor-reform 

Four lessons for administrators on curriculum and instruction efforts. https://learningforward.org/2019/05/what-makes-curriculum-work-4-lessons-for-administrators/ 

An article on the importance of improving instruction and curriculum. https://curriculummatters.org/2019/05/28/curriculum-is-misunderstood-lets-overcome-that-in-service-of-equity/?utm_source=SW+News+Announcements&utm_campaign=bcdd0db6d2-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_13&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_b4b5ef9bcd-bcdd0db6d2-153474185

Top PISA official: Liberal arts and humanities may be crucial for 21st century educational performance. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/05/oecd-pisa-leader-arts-education-may-be-more-important-for-the-21st-century-than-test-scores/

NCEE: Report on the best way to structure early childhood education. http://ncee.org/earlyadvantage/

Leander School District in Texas is one of the most successful districts in the nation and has implemented Deming’s work on continuous improvement. It needs a new superintendent who will stay the course.  https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/15/andrea-gabor-will-one-of-the-nations-most-innovative-districts-survive-a-change-in-leadership/

17 things teachers want you to know about their jobs. https://www.weareteachers.com/truth-about-teaching/?utm_source=WAT_MDR&utm_medium=Enews&utm_campaign=WAT_Enews051619 

Empowerment and Trust are Keys to Employee Engagement https://go.achievers.com/the-keys-to-employee-engagement_Registration.html?UTM_Campaign=EATR&UTM_Content=EATR_Landing_Page&UTM_Medium=email&UTM_Source=Smart-Brief-Workforce&UTM_Term=Empowerment_Report  

Blind spots in teacher development report. https://www.edweek.org/ew/collections/teacher-professional-development/index.html?cmp=eml-eb-sr-pd19-05152019&M=58831902&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

Want to alleviate the teacher shortage. Improve working conditions and engagement. https://epi.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=ec2361f981a14ee1d45cccaa9&id=b13a10c894&e=c2e5bac0f3 

An eye-opening breakdown of actual time worked by a teacher. https://www.weareteachers.com/teacher-overtime/   

Interesting paper on the pros and cons of school autonomy. http://ncspe.tc.columbia.edu/working-papers/WP236.pdf?utm_source=WP+236&utm_campaign=School+Autonomy+and+Its+Impact&utm_medium=email

Larry Cuban: What ever happened to the Core Knowledge program? https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/06/05/whatever-happened-to-the-core-knowledge-program/

Emily Hanford’s article “Hard Words; Why aren’t our kids being taught to read?” won a prestigious award from the Education Writer’s Association. https://www.apmreports.org/story/2018/09/10/hard-words-why-american-kids-arent-being-taught-to-read?utm_source=SW+News+Announcements&utm_campaign=9e7f7955bb-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_05_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_b4b5ef9bcd-9e7f7955bb-153474185

Robert Pondiscio: Don’t dismiss the 30 million word gap quite so fast. https://www.educationnext.org/dont-dismiss-30-million-word-gap-quite-fast/

Jan Resseger: School segregation 65 years after “Brown v. Board of Education https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/05/17/19876/

Why Teachers Need Their Freedom (Ashley Lamb-Sinclair) and the effectiveness of Stanley Pogrow’s Teaching  Content Outrageously https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/06/02/why-teachers-need-their-freedom-ashley-lamb-sinclair/

Pastors for Texas post significant wins for public education. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/17/news-from-the-pastors-for-texas-children/

Charter, Voucher, and Privatization Travails

Jeff Bryant: Why charter school proponents have lost many Democratic supporters. https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/05/why-charter-school-proponents-have-lost-many-of-the-democrats-who-once-supported-them.html

Charters were supposed to save public education. Why are Americans turning against them? https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/posteverything/wp/2019/05/30/feature/charter-schools/?utm_term=.c9668af37cbe&wpisrc=nl_rainbow&wpmm=1 

The Feds poured millions into failing charter schools in Louisiana. Over half of the federally supported charter schools in Louisiana folded or never opened wasting $24 million. Jeff Bryant recounts this sad tale. https://www.commondreams.org/views/2019/05/19/federal-government-has-poured-millions-failing-charter-schools-louisiana?fbclid=IwAR00eJIXMTXjaXZr2fJAlNcuekziUuf8Yr6-jLdoaDAMq-YWbzIDHq7h4ys

Jan Resseger: Charter Schools at a Turning Point: How to Rein in an Out of Control Education Sector. Time to reign in the carter sector. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/06/05/20079/

The Untold History of Charter Schools https://democracyjournal.org/arguments/the-untold-history-of-charter-schools/

Another expose of charter school failure. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/28/shawgi-tell-the-untold-history-of-charter-school-failure/

Shawgi Tell: New CREDO evaluation of Pennsylvania charter reports mediocre results. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/11/shawgi-tell-credo-study-of-pennsylvania-charters-reports-mediocre-results/

Time to rein in charters. https://edsource.org/2019/unchecked-decades-long-experiment-with-charter-schools-yields-unintended-consequences/612997

California’s charter school task force recommendations. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/07/california-hot-off-the-presses-charter-school-task-force-report/ and https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/06/14/one-state-sets-out-to-rethink-charter-oversight/ and https://capitalandmain.com/task-force-report-curb-runaway-charter-school-expansion-0613 and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/16/los-angeles-times-what-tony-thurmonds-charter-school-task-force-recommended/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/16/tom-ultican-on-the-privatizers-efforts-to-sabotage-reform-of-the-charter-law-in-california/

Research on benefit of virtual school is lacking or extremely negative. https://nepc.colorado.edu/publication/virtual-schools-annual-2019

No excuse schools. Parents actually want strong academics AND respect for their children https://haveyouheardblog.com/different-strokes-for-different-folks/

Another study showing charter schools encroach on district funding for traditional public schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/24/in-the-public-interest-the-real-cost-of-chartersbudget-cuts-for-public-schools/  and also see;

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/31/pennsylvania-finance-experts-warn-that-charter-costs-may-bankrupt-500-school-districts/ and http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/06/magical-money-and-school-choice.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

San Diego charter chain scandal. https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/education/story/2019-05-28/eleven-people-connected-to-online-charter-schools-are-indicted; and

A spectacular $50 million charter scam in San Diego by Peter Greene. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/06/a-spectacular-charter-scam.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29 and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/06/california-about-that-50-million-charter-school-heist/

NAACP response to a pro-charter article in the Wall Street Journal. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/25/derrick-johnson-president-of-the-naacp-responds-to-the-wall-street-journal-about-charters/

Diane Ravitch articles on charters and vouchers:

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/26/bill-phillis/ Public schools will survive the privatization movement.

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/26/michigan-president-of-state-board-explains-why-it-declined-to-spend-47-million-for-new-charters/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/06/closing-delaware-charter-that-won-10-million-xq-award/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/15/oakland-charter-supporters-wonder-why-no-one-loves-them-anymore-and-blame-the-unions/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/15/great-news-nebraska-says-no-to-vouchers-again/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/16/nea-state-report-card-on-charter-school-laws-not-good/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/19/californiagov-newsom-tightens-enrollment-rules-for-charter-schools-no-exceptions/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/20/arizona-legislators-plan-to-use-public-to-pay-tuition-at-out-of-state-private-schools/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/25/pennsylvania-those-disgraceful-failing-cybercharters/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/24/matt-barnum-summit-learning-misleads-about-percent-of-schools-that-quit-every-year/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/24/samuel-abrams-on-the-coming-charter-expansion-in-puerto-rico/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/22/rob-levine-how-charters-kill-public-schools-the-example-of-minneapolis/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/22/jennifer-berkshire-when-cory-booker-helped-devoss-voucher-referendum-in-michigan/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/22/journey-for-justice-had-a-busy-day/ Advocacy group adopts a policy against charter expansion.

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/23/jan-resseger-teachers-in-west-virginia-forego-a-pay-raise-to-block-charters-and-vouchers/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/01/pennsylvania-charter-lobby-pushes-to-remove-all-quality-controls-and-allow-unlimited-expansion/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/23/jersey-jazzman-offers-advice-to-the-media-about-covering-charter-schools/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/09/how-andre-agassi-and-his-partner-are-profiting-in-the-charter-sector/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/04/chicago-teachers-union-wins-some-victories-in-legislature/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/11/pennsylvania-inaction-on-cyber-charters-is-not-an-option/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/14/california-summit-charter-schools-fire-three-teachers-who-were-union-organizers/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/14/colorado-state-turns-over-school-district-to-private-management-corporation/

https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/17/valerie-jablow-d-c-chancellor-ferebee-is-cutting-the-budgets-of-public-schools-while-shifting-funds-to-new-charter-schools/

Jan Resseger: Charter schools undermine the public good in Louisiana, Michigan and Pennsylvania. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/05/22/19968/

West Virginia teachers continue their battle against charter schools and vouchers. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/05/21/19953/

Peter Greene on New Hampshire’s proposals to privatize and outsource public education. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/06/nh-outsourcing-and-privatizing-public.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Credit ratings for charters in nine states. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/05/24/2018-charter-school-credit-ratings-for-nine-states-with-a-focus-on-california-and-michigan/

Jeff Bryant: Charter schools support a major dividing issue among democratic candidates. https://www.commondreams.org/views/2019/06/10/charter-schools-are-major-dividing-line-2020-democratic-candidates-education-fights

Failures of “Reform”

Jeanine Kaplan, “Education Reform” was a hoax from the start. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/15/jeannie-kaplan-education-reform-was-a-hoax-from-the-start/

Improving our schools alone won’t fix America by billionaire Nick Hanauer previous major supporter of charter schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/11/a-billionaire-declares-better-public-schools-wont-fix-america/

John Thompson reviews Diane Ravitch’s new book,  The Wit and Wisdom of Diane Ravitch in a review entitled “How could reformers get it so wrong?” http://www.livingindialogue.com/ravitch/ and http://www.livingindialogue.com/countering-reform-nonsense-common-sense/

The failure of a highly touted Florida reform plan by Sue Legg https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/14/sue-m-legg-the-failure-of-jeb-bushs-a-plan-in-florida/

Louisiana VAM deficiencies. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/05/23/louisianas-vam-quantitative-bungling-on-display/

JerseyJazzman: Stop using flawed student growth measures in New Jersey. https://jerseyjazzman.blogspot.com/2019/06/njs-student-growth-measures-sgps-still.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FCqnJA+%28Jersey+Jazzman%29

Florida teacher quits after oppressive testing culture.  https://dianeravitch.net/2019/06/04/florida-a-teacher-quits-beaten-down-by-the-states-toxic-testing-culture/

States using A-F letter grades do no better than those states without that “reform”. http://vamboozled.com/states-math-and-reading-performance-after-the-implementation-of-school-a-f-letter-grade-policies/

Peter Greene: Teach for America’s other big problem—two years in the classroom doesn’t qualify your for leadership and policy positions. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/06/teach-for-americas-other-big-problem.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Gary Rubenstein on inflated payments for “Teach for America” recruits in Ohio. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2019/05/14/whats-round-on-the-end-and-high-in-the-middle-ohios-20k-finders-fee-for-each-tfa-corps-member/ and Kansas ($30,000) https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2019/05/15/toto-i-have-a-feeling-were-not-in-the-state-that-paid-tfa-a-finders-fee-of-90k-per-recruit-anymore/

Gary Rubenstein: After 29 years of evidence TFA still doesn’t prepare new corps members for success. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2019/06/06/after-29-years-evidence-that-tfa-still-doesnt-set-new-corps-members-up-for-success/

Jan Resseger: Shady exit of CEO of Ohio’s takeover district in Youngstown shows the perils of that approach. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/05/15/19927/

Peter Greene: Can personalized learning deliver? http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/05/can-personalized-learning-deliver.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Peter Greene: who is behind the effort to woo teachers away from their unions. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/28/peter-greene-who-is-behind-the-effort-to-woo-teachers-away-from-their-unions/

Chris Edley and Pam Burdman: Don’t use SAT for accountability. https://edsource.org/2019/dont-use-the-sat-or-act-to-undermine-education-accountability/612942 

Comments April 18th-May 13th,2019

Build and Support Issues

Hundreds of public with low-income minority students beat the odds in Los Angeles county. https://reports.innovateschools.org/top-la-public-schools/

An excellent education book by Andrea Gabor. Part 2.https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/18/john-thompson-what-andrea-gabor-teaches-us-part-2/

Good communities produce good schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/21/steve-nelson-excellent-communities-produce-excellent-schools/

North Carolina’s former governor Jim Hunt speaks in favor of public schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/02/north-carolina-former-governor-jim-hunt-speaks-in-praise-of-public-schools/

Parents of dyslexic children win battle to make reading instruction consistent with best practice. https://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/curriculum/2019/05/Parents_of_children_with_dyslexia_wage_reading_battle.html

Wait list of 155,000 students for popular selective public high schools in NY City is much larger than the wait lists for charter schools.. https://insideschools.org/news-&-views/top-20-selective-manhattan-high-schools-are-among-the-most-popular; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/22/popular-new-york-city-public-schools-have-a-wait-list-of-155000-students/

Fordham: You might be surprised at which states prioritize teacher salaries. https://fordhaminstitute.org/national/commentary/you-might-be-surprised-which-states-prioritize-higher-teacher-salaries?utm_source=National+Education+Gadfly+Weekly&utm_campaign=cc20b00c95-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_04_24_01_50&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ef00e8f50e-cc20b00c95-71635837&mc_cid=cc20b00c95&mc_eid=ebbe04a807

Teachers’ wage penalty with other college grads reaches a record high of 21% according to a report from the Economic Policy Institute. https://www.epi.org/publication/the-teacher-weekly-wage-penalty-hit-21-4-percent-in-2018-a-record-high-trends-in-the-teacher-wage-and-compensation-penalties-through-2018/ and https://edsource.org/2019/wage-gap-between-teachers-and-other-college-graduates-exacerbates-teacher-shortages/611728

Ohio democrats pass resolution supporting public schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/01/ohio-democratic-party-passes-resolution-opposing-school-privatization-supporting-public-scgools/ and in Florida https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/25/pastors-for-florida-children-organizes-to-support-public-schools/

Learning Policy Institute’s article on the national teacher shortage and what to do about it. https://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/3696/2228

NPR: Re-imagining how to teach geography. https://www.npr.org/2019/05/03/719103958/classes-take-trips-around-the-world-through-this-game?utm_source=npr_newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_content=20190512&utm_campaign=ed&utm_term=nprnews

High quality materials and embedded educator support. https://learningforward.org/2019/04/commit-to-high-quality-materials-and-embedded-educator-support/

Charters, Vouchers, and Privatization

Less than 50% of charter school high school students graduate. https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2019/04/18/many-online-charter-schools-fail-to-graduate.html?cmp=eml-enl-eu-news1&M=58809252&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e  

Jeff Bryant: Why charter school proponents have lost many Democratic supporters. https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/05/why-charter-school-proponents-have-lost-many-of-the-democrats-who-once-supported-them.html

No excuse schools: Parents actually want strong academics AND respect for their children. https://haveyouheardblog.com/different-strokes-for-different-folks/

Betsy DeVos travails: https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/04/17/an-open-letter-betsy-devos-two-leading-public-education-advocates/?utm_term=.66cf02fd748d and Jeff Bryant https://www.salon.com/2019/04/23/things-didnt-go-well-when-betsy-devos-was-confronted-with-her-departments-charter-school-fraud_partner/ and Peter Greene: Why DeVos doesn’t care about charter closings. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/04/why-devos-doesnt-care-about-charter.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29 and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/22/devos-funnels-116-million-to-open-20-charter-schools-in-el-paso-which-will-devastate-public-schools/ and Federal charter school program wasted $36 million on schools in Ohio that never opened or soon closed. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/04/23/19629/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/29/betsy-devos-gave-this-charter-chain-225-million-it-doesnt-pass-the-smell-test/  and http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/04/ky-devos-bevin-loving-vouchers-hating.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29 and, https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/05/07/betsy-devos-there-is-no-such-thing-public-money-other-revealing-things-she-just-said-or-wouldnt-say/?utm_term=.0fdeee2463af and, finally, DeVos loves charters but speaks against more funding for public schools. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/02/new-york-city-betsy-devos-praises-charters-condemns-spending-more-on-public-schools/

Democrats in the House seek to cut charter school funding saying the DOE is not a responsible steward of federal spending. https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/05/07/house-democrats-seek-cut-federal-charter-school-funding-saying-education-department-isnt-responsible-steward-taxpayer-dollars/?utm_term=.e857295c8f4b

Jan Resseger: Congress should shut down the charter school program and invest the money in Title 1 and IDEA. https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/04/16/19550/ and Lack of Oversight of Federal Charter Schools Program Cheats Taxpayers, Students, Families, and Local Public Schools  https://janresseger.wordpress.com/2019/04/25/19671/

Peter Greene: Who killed charter schools?  http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/05/jeanne-allens-charter-murder-mystery.html

Tom Ultican: Sketchy charter on-line chain goes national. https://tultican.com/2019/05/04/sketchy-epic-cyber-charter-has-gone-national/

Indiana: https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/24/indiana-schools-chief-blasts-republican-plan-to-eliminate-local-control-of-schools/

Jim Scheurich, a professor at Indiana University, argues that the purpose of the Indianapolis charter proposals is to destroy communities. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/20/indianapolis-the-purpose-of-school-choice-is-to-destroy-communities-which-endangers-us-all/

Florida. NEP’s report on 20 years of reform failure in Florida https://npeaction.org/twenty-years-later-the-jeb-bush-a-plan-fails-floridas-students/?link_id=1&can_id=cea050dcef20333abf235c3ba9bc6d51&source=email-the-destruction-of-public-education-in-florida-our-2020-conference-and-more&email_referrer=email_540941&email_subject=the-dangers-to-public-education-in-florida-our-2020-conference-and-more; Peter Greene: Florida is the worst state in the nation for public education. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/05/florida-really-is-worst.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29; Carol Burris: Florida charters are a swamp of waste, fraud, and profiteering. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/05/carol-burris-florida-charters-are-a-swamp-of-waste-fraud-and-profiteering/ ; Tampa Bay Times critique of new Florida legislation calling it a death sentence for public schools. http://www.tampabay.com/opinion/editorials/editorials-the-death-sentence-for-floridas-public-schools-20190430/; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/04/tampa-bay-times-legislature-imposes-death-sentence-on-florida-public-schools/; conflicts of interest of an influential Florida legislator concerning charters go neglected. https://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/news-columns-blogs/fred-grimm/article60512891.html; the Southern Poverty Law Center statement on the harm caused by vouchers in the state https://www.splcenter.org/news/2019/03/06/splc-statement-florida-senate-bill-would-fund-private-school-vouchers-public-school-money; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/27/florida-education-association-to-legislature-stop-robbing-public-schools-to-benefit-charter-schools/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/01/florida-house-passes-another-voucher-program/ ;  and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/06/gainesville-sun-slams-florida-voucher-plan-to-steal-money-from-public-schools-for-religious-schools/

Ohio: https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/05/ohio-repeal-hb-70-the-disastrous-state-takeover-bill/

Tennessee passes dreaded voucher bill. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/03/tennessee-voucher-plan-passes-a-win-for-devos-and-trump/  Mercedes Schneider https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/04/26/tn-voucher-legislation-bill-details-and-public-reaction/; and https://chalkbeat.org/posts/tn/2019/04/15/tennessee-governors-voucher-proposal-is-step-backwards-says-civil-rights-education-coalition/  and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/10/tennessee-billions-for-testing-but-nothing-to-alleviate-student-poverty/

Oklahoma. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/01/oklahoma-for-profit-online-charter-chain-gobbles-up-rural-districts/

California. Carl Cohn: California must reform its charter law. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/05/carl-cohn-california-must-reform-its-charter-law/ ; California School Board’s recommendations on charter reform. https://www.csba.org/-/media/CSBA/Files/GovernanceResources/Reports/201809CharterSchoolTFReport.ashx Only one out of three charter schools outperforms the public schools in the district in which the charter is located; and another charter closes before the school year ends stranding students; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/02/breaking-news-california-charter-school-will-close-its-doors-tomorrow-not-waiting-for-end-of-school-year/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/03/california-parents-fight-to-save-their-school-from-charter-invasion/

Alabama: https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/05/valerie-strauss-on-the-strange-case-of-the-charter-school-that-plans-to-open-in-rural-alabama/;  https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/08/larry-lee-what-happened-in-alabama-when-regular-people-stood-up-for-their-communityschools/  and https://www.al.com/news/2019/05/rules-those-are-for-public-schools-not-charters.html

Oregon. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/10/oregon-while-teachers-strike-corporate-reformers-kill-bills-to-stop-testing-pre-k-2-and-to-expand-opt-out/

Pennsylvania. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/10/pennsylvania-alert-phony-voucher-reform-bills-in-legislature/  

North Carolina. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/13/north-carolina-voucher-program-is-unaccountable-nontransparent/

Oakland. https://edsource.org/2019/oakland-unified-offers-critical-view-of-charter-schools-to-state-task-force/611795 and  https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/26/oakland-a-must-read-lexicon-of-charter-frauds/  

Milwaukee. Jeff Bryant: https://www.salon.com/2019/04/29/progressives-take-a-bold-stance-at-an-epicenter-of-the-charter-school-movement-for-public-education_partner/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/08/jeff-bryant-how-progressives-are-fighting-the-plot-to-gut-public-education/

Chicago. Teacher strikes at three charter schools. https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/05/02/three-chicago-charter-schools-on-strike-three/

Louisiana voucher program shows disappointing results. https://k-12daily.org/curriculum-instruction/state-voucher-program-produces-disappointing-results and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/26/matt-barnum-new-research-shows-vouchers-do-lasting-damage-to-student-achievement-in-math/

New Orleans. Mercedes Schneider, https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/05/08/louisianas-voucher-program-featured-on-new-orleans-public-radio-for-the-failure-it-is/

Big bucks charter advocacy. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/30/california-charter-lobby-spent-at-least-91-million-to-buy-political-influence/ and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/22/waltons-fund-national-parents-union-to-advocate-for-privatization/

The charter chain Democracy Prep has a lot to learn from public schools. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/04/charter-lessons-from-democracy-prep.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29 and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/29/peter-greene-democracy-prep-has-a-lot-to-learn-from-public-schools/

Gary Rubenstein spills the beans on Success Academy https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/06/gary-rubinstein-episode-5-spills-the-beans-about-the-success-of-success-academy/; https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/06/gary-rubenstein-episode-4-and-the-infamous-got-to-go-list/  ; and https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/06/gary-rubinstein-episode-6-on-success-academy-its-political-campaign-to-get-free-space-and-its-teaching-strategy-of-rip-and-redo/

Technology and proficiency based learning pros and cons

Teachers blow the whistle on ed-tech. https://www.edweek.org/ew/collections/technology-counts-2019/index.html?cmp=eml-eb-sr-tc19-04242019&M=58812908&U=56558&UUID=963b3ee1b30e99b18f611b1fbc9d893e

NYTimes: Kansas students rebel against Summit Learning web-based learning program. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/21/technology/silicon-valley-kansas-schools.html

Hechinger report: Disastrous rollout of proficiency based learning in Maine. https://mailchi.mp/hechingerreport.org/inside-maines-disastrous-rollout-of-proficiency-based-learning?e=4701278295

Knewton, a big name in ed tech, bits the dust. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/05/knewton-big-name-in-ed-tech-bites-dust.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Misplaced reforms

Personalized learning—the promise and the reality. https://nepc.colorado.edu/publication/personalized-learning; and

Peter Greene’s hard-hitting attack on personalized learning in Forbes magazine. https://www.forbes.com/sites/petergreene/2019/05/02/report-can-personalized-learning-actually-deliver/#f4dd5942020c

Diane Ravitch: education reform is dead but zombie ideas persist. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/12/peter-greene-van-schoales-education-reform-is-dead-but-zombie-ideas-persist/

Larry Cuban: https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/04/25/making-schools-business-like-the-longest-school-reform-in-u-s-history-part-1/; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/04/27/making-schools-business-like-google-in-classrooms-part-2/; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/04/30/making-schools-business-like-the-case-of-summit-charters-part-3/; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/05/11/we-need-many-grammars-of-schooling-part-4/   

Teach For America kicked out of Houston. https://cloakinginequity.com/2019/05/09/breaking-news-tfa-kicked-out-of-houston/

Texas pays Teach for America $5.5 million a year for 400 recruits. Only 85% show up for a second year. https://garyrubinstein.wordpress.com/2019/05/11/texas-pays-tfa-5-5-million-a-year-for-400-recruits/ and also, https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/11/houston-why-the-hisd-did-not-renew-tfas-contract/ and https://deutsch29.wordpress.com/2019/05/12/texas-taxpayers-pay-teach-for-america-22m-from-2018-2021-none-of-which-is-for-tfa-teacher-salaries/

Larry Cuban: https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/05/03/challenging-the-grammar-of-instruction-part-1/ and https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/05/06/challenging-the-grammar-of-schooling-part-2/; https://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2019/05/11/we-need-many-grammars-of-schooling-part-4/

Warning: Atlanta’s portfolio plan is not a model. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/28/warning-to-charleston-county-s-c-atlanta-is-not-a-model/

Peter Greene: In Ohio, the ongoing fight to end school-takeovers. http://curmudgucation.blogspot.com/2019/04/oh-ongoing-fight-to-end-school-takeovers.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FORjvzd+%28CURMUDGUCATION%29

Diane Ravitch: A book on the inside story of the Atlanta cheating scandal. https://dianeravitch.net/2019/04/30/the-inside-story-of-the-atlanta-cheating-scandal-a-book-you-should-read/

Michigan, don’t scrap the arts requirement! https://dianeravitch.net/2019/05/11/michigan-dont-scrap-the-arts-requirement-for-high-school-graduation/

Discussion With David Osborne on Comments Made to Mike Petrilli’s Article On Reform (Please read the comment before this one first)

Discussion with David Osborne

On August 16, 2018 at 3:06 PM David Osborne < dosborne@ppionline.org> wrote:

Mr. Honig-

I’ve read your interesting dialogue with Mike Petrilli and could respond to many, many points, but there is one I feel absolutely compelled to comment on: your statement that ” The latest CREDO report does find that urban charters do better than the average traditional public school but the effect size is tiny overall. ”

The 2015 CREDO report on charters in 41 urban regions found that students in their fourth year or beyond in an urban charter school learned about 50% more than their matched peers (demographically similar, with similar past test scores) who stayed in district schools. (Table 10, p. 32.) This is so far beyond a “tiny” effect size that I can’t let it go unchallenged. 

I would also point out that the fastest improving cities in the country have been those that have embraced charter schools as a core strategy: New Orleans, DC, Denver, and Chicago.

There was a time in which too many states allowed failing charters to continue year after year, ignoring one of the central tenets of chartering: that failing schools are closed or replaced. That is still the case too often in California, Nevada, Michigan, and other states. But over the last decade more and more states and authorizers have begun to get serious about accountability, and charter performance has increased rather dramatically.

All best,

On Aug 19, 2018, at 10:29 AM, billhonig@comcast.net wrote:

David, thanks for the reply. 

I think our differences lie in how you characterize the CREDO findings. They report, in Table 10 which you cite, that students attending  an urban charter for four years, post a gain of .15 Standard Deviation in math and .1 in reading over their traditional public schools counterparts. This effect size is characterized as small by the research community (.4-.5 is deemed a medium effect size). John Hattie who examined hundreds of school improvement interventions in his Visible Learning series by examining thousands of research evaluations found a good number of interventions near or above a full standard deviation or 7-10 times the effect size the CREDO findings. Most of these involved instituting an active curiculum which involved students in the learning process such as reciprocal teaching or visible learning  strategies or collaborative team building aimed at increasing teacher engagement and efficacy.  Charter schools as a reform strategy ranked low in his listing. 

Given the small effect size found by CREDO, if you overlay a distribution of charter schools with a distribution of traditional public schools (TPS) the overlaps are very similar–almost a one-for-one match school for school with an extremely high percentage of  schools in both distributions showing the same results–good., average, and poor. Thus, the small average difference CREDO found is much too thin a reed to justify claims that charters should be significantly expanded vis-a-vis TPS.

Most importantly, there was wide variation in urban charters in the CREDO report. Some were in the high-performing .5 range, some showed substantial negative result, most clustered around the middle. TPS showed similar distributions resulting in a significant number of charters and TPS in the high performing category. We should be learning from both high-flying charters and the comparable percentages of high performing traditional public schools. These stellar schools or districts and CMO’s should be examples of what to do.  The issue shouldn’t be charters versus non-charters but what the most successful schools or districts do in either sector.

One small point: the overall effect size for charters in the CREDO report for all years of attendance (not just the four year cohort) was almost negligible–in the .04 range. What can’t be determined is how much the four year rate was influenced by weaker students leaving and their slots not being backfilled resulting in a more rarified cohort. 

Finally, your contention that urban districts placing charter school expansion at the center of their reform efforts posted the highest test score gains in the country is not supported by the data. Some urban districts  emphasizing charters did score high, some scored medium or low. Similarly, some traditional urban school districts scored high and some scored medium or low. For example, Washington DC did make large gains years ago but now is in the middle of the pack in growth in the NAEP Trial Urban District Assessment(TUDA). The TUDA results show no clear pattern favoring urban districts emphasizing charters. Non-TUDA districts showed similar patterns. For example, Long Beach, Garden Grove, and Sanger are urban districts with few charter schools but who posted substantial gains.

Also, some districts you cite as high-performing because charter expansion was at the center of their reform strategy would not agree that charters were the reason for their gains. See the evaluations of Chicago public schools, for example, which found curricular reform, professional development,  team building, and community involvement as the main drivers of improvement. 

I agree with your point that low performing charters should and in some places have been shuttered and that more states should adopt stricter accountability.

Let’s continue the discussion. I hope we can agree to look for exemplars of high-performance from both the charter school and traditional public schools’ sectors  and avoid framing the issue as a charter/TPS conflict. Bill

On August 22, 2018 at 6:31 AM David Osborne <dosborne@ppionline.org> wrote:

Bill-

Thanks for replying.  You’re right, we do characterize the CREDO findings differently. I can’t imagine calling something that produced 90 extra days of learning (in math and ELA) as “tiny” or “small.” That’s half a year of extra gain, every year.

I think the effect size is .1 to .15 because we are talking about the performance of public schools in 41 entire urban regions. I have John Hattie’s book, and the interventions you’re describing that have much higher effect sizes come from studies of much smaller samples, I suspect. Doug Harris’s study of New Orleans found an 0.2-0.4 effect size, and he called that the most rapid improvement of an urban district of which he was aware.

One could get larger effect sizes by studying far smaller samples, such as charters in Boston, or KIPP schools, or Yes Prep or Uncommon. Some of the 41 CREDO cities used bastardized versions of chartering in which terrible charter schools were allowed to remain open year after year. The effect size of systems that were true to the principals of chartering were no doubt larger.

As for New Orleans, DC, and Denver, if we’re looking at the last 10-12 years, there is significant evidence that they have been the most rapidly improving high-poverty cities in the country. (Chicago’s improvement leveled off after 2014.) As Doug Harris said, New Orleans clearly improved the fastest. Among NAEP TUDA cities, DC clearly improved the fastest. And Denver was close behind.

I know a bit about Long Beach, and I agree, it has experienced significant improvement. But it has had continuity of superintendent leadership for 20-25 years—two superintendents, the second of whom was the first’s deputy, if my memory is correct. That is so rare in the world of elected school boards that we can hardly rely on it as a practical strategy. 

I do agree that we should be learning from the highest performing schools in both sectors. But since we organize schools into systems, we have to pay attention to what kind of systems produce more of those high performing schools. And the data is clear: the fastest improvement has come when public schools are relatively autonomous, accountable for their performance (and closed or replaced if it falls below par for several years), allowed to create diverse learning models for diverse students, subject to choice and competition, and operated by nonprofit organizations. The latter is important, sadly, because elected school boards have proven themselves almost incapable of closing schools for performance if they are staffed by unionized district employees.

I look forward to continuing the dialogue.

All best,

On Aug 22, 2018, at 1:31 PM, billhonig@comcast.net wrote:

David, three points.

1. The research community does characterize any SD effect size gain below .2 as small, .5 as medium and above .7 as large. So “small” is in comparison to other interventions with much higher results. Hattie lists fifteen such interventions above .7. Charters are near the bottom of Hattie’s rankings of approximately 100 interventions. You “suspect” that his studies of high impact have small sample sizes but Hattie was aware of that problem and used meta-analysis to deal with it. According to Hattie, an SD gain of 1.0 is equivalent to 2-3 yrs of instruction so the .1-.15 CREDO findings for urban charters are much less than the 1/2 year gain you cite and multiples below other interventions 

2. Whatever the characterization, the relatively small distance found between urban charters and their TPS counterparts means that comparable percentages of schools in each distribution would fall in the “medium” effect range so it is hard to argue that the charter sector deserves support as a key reform plank but TPS don’t. You claim that sclerotic TPS urban districts  prevent improvement but the large numbers of these high-flying TPS, magnets, etc. belies that contention. It is not just in a few stellar districts that high-performing schools are found. They are spread throughout the nation. In fact, even though the distribution of urban charters and urban TPS just about overlap so that the percentages of “medium” effect schools are comparable, because charters have so many fewer schools than TPS urbans, the TPS urbans have many more high performers in raw numbers. Maybe we should be concentrating on expanding those. In Los Angeles, for example, TPS magnet schools substantially outperform charters after adjusting for school populations and gifted schools.

You also argue that if you exclude low performing charters which should have been closed and concentrate on the high-performance CMO’s then results would look better for charters. Of course, if we disregard the low-performing TPS, their results would also improve. The main point is that there is wide variation in both charters and TPS and comparable percentages of each are high performing.  It is a false dichotomy to contend that  charter/non-charter policy is the determining factor in improvement.

So your claim in the last paragraph that there are “more” high performing schools in the charter sector is not accurate. And then inflating this false premise to justify expansion of charters freed from district controls as the only strategy to improve because unionized districts can’t perform is not supported by the data. 

3. Finally, your argument that urban districts where charters are a key element in improvement efforts have led the nation in test score gains during the past twelve years doesn’t fit the facts  As I wrote in the first response below, there is no clear cut pattern in TUDA results. Some of the charter emphasizing districts did score high, others did not. Some districts which did not emphasize charters scored high and some didn’t. What is worth noting is that almost all urbans taking TUDA significantly out-gained the rest of the nation.

(As I said before, I don’t agree with your using Chicago, which posted substantial gains, as an example of a district making charter expansion a central part of their improvement efforts. I doubt whether Chicago would claim that its increases were primarily driven by charters)

Here are the TUDA results using the 12 yr. period you suggested.

Eighth grade reading–2005-2017

Los Angeles +15

Atlanta +15

San Diego +11

Chicago +10

Boston +8

Large Urban +8

Washinton DC +7

New York City +7

Austin +6

Nation +5

Houston +1

Charlotte +1

Cleveland -2

Fourth grade Reading 2005-2017

DC +22

San Diego +14

Atlanta +13 

Chicago +13

Los Angeles +12 

Boston +10

Large City +8

Nation +4

Charlotte/M +3

New York City +1

Austin —

Cleveland -1

Houston -5

8th Grade Math 2005-2017

Atlanta +20

Chicago +18

DC +17

Los Angeles +16

San Diego +12

Boston +10

Large City +9

NYC +8

Cleveland +8

CharlotteM +7

Houston +6

Nation +4

Austin +3

4th grade Math 2005-2017

DC +20

Chicago +18

Atlanta +10

San Diego +5

Boston +4

Large City +4

Los Angeles +3

Houston +2 

Nation +2 

Austin +1

CharlotteM -1 

NYC -1

Cleveland -6

I’m glad we can agree that we should be using high-performing charters and TPS as exemplars and support an in-depth investigation and implementation of the processes and support structures to grow their number. Bill

Reply from David Osborne

The half-year gain in learning in urban charters was CREDO’s conclusion, not my own. And I’ve found that statistics gurus disagree about whether a citywide effect size of .1 or .15 is small or not. 

As for my point about closing low performers, it is a fact that this happens more often in the charter sector than the district sector. California may be an exception, because districts authorize most charters there and many of them don’t hold those charters accountable. But in much of the country, low-performing charters are closed far more often than low-performing district schools. That’s a key part of my argument: Why would we promote a system that does not hold failing schools accountable, when we have an alternative approach that does? We need education systems that do this, whether their schools are called “charters” or not. And experience has proven that elected school boards find it much easier to close a school run by a nonprofit than a school staffed by their own employees, particularly if they are unionized.

As for the NAEP TUDA data you cite, it proves my point. There is a pattern. If you average the four scores, DC was the fastest improving of these cities—and that was just the district. The charter sector in DC, which educated 47% of the public school students last year, improved even faster.

So among TUDA cities, DC has clearly been the fastest improving.

Among all cities, according to Doug Harris’s very thorough analysis at ERA, my analysis in Reinventing America’s Schools, and many others’, New Orleans has been the fastest improving city since the conversion to charters got serious in 2006. New Orleans is the only high poverty city I know that has outperformed its state on high school graduation rates and college going rates. New Orleans doesn’t participate in TUDA, but if you look at improvement in test scores, graduation rates, and college-going rates, no other city can touch it.

That leaves Denver, which unfortunately also does not participate in TUDA. Sean Reardon’s data shows that Denver had the second highest growth of any district with more than 25,000 students between 09-10 and 12-13 (after Lincoln, NE, which is not a high-poverty city), according to ERS (“Denver Public Schools:Leveraging System Transformation to Improve Student Results,” ERS, March, 2017). And since the 2015 switch to PARCC tests in Colorado, Denver has outperformed its state in middle school scores, a rare feat for a high-poverty city. Graduation rates have risen by nearly 30 percentage points since 2005, and college-going rates have increased by more than 80% over the last decade.

I challenge you to find a high-poverty city that has improved anywhere near as fast as these three cities, all of which used chartering in a major way. 

As for Chicago, from 2005 to 2010, under Renaissance 2010, the district closed 60 low performing schools and replaced them with 92 new schools, mostly charters or other nonprofit operators. During that era, this was a major district strategy. Was that a factor in the surge in 3rd through 8th grade performance between 2009 and 2014 that Sean Reardon documented? I find it hard to believe that it wasn’t, particularly because the mayor essentially agreed to freeze chartering in 2013, and academic growth leveled off after 2014. For a thorough discussion of Chicago, see my article at https://www.the74million.org/article/is-chicago-really-the-fastest-improving-urban-district-in-the-country-such-claims-made-by-the-new-york-times-and-others-are-misleading/.

I believe, as I argued in Reinventing America’s Schools, that the data shows that this combination of system elements creates the most rapid improvement in urban public schools: school autonomy, accountability (including closure or replacement), diversity of learning models, choice, operation by nonprofit organizations, and a concerted strategy to recruit and develop talent.

Chartering does not have to be part of this. In Indianapolis Public Schools, they call their sector built on this model Innovation Network Schools. Atlanta and Tulsa call them Partnership Schools. Some cities call them Renaissance Schools. In Chicago some of them are called contract schools, some are AUSL schools. 

Whatever we call them, it’s important that we recognize what type of system works best in urban public education, then embrace it. If we continue to pretend that the top-down bureaucratic model we developed in the 20th century can do the job, we are simply fooling ourselves—and sacrificing the futures of many, many children.

With respect,

David

David Osborne
Progressive Policy Institute
4 Hovey St.
Gloucester, MA 01930
978 865 3917
Cell: 978 273 5397

@OsborneDavid

www.progressivepolicy.org

www.reinventgov.com

www.amazon.com/author/davidosborne

Final comment

David, thanks again for responding. I think our major disagreement is over the efficacy of closing low-performing schools as the indispensable ingredient in improving schools.

Preliminarily, I would caution you not to rely on CREDO’s extrapolation of a .1 or .15 effect size to a half year’s extra growth for students who were enrolled in a charter for four years. (the effect size was much smaller for all students surveyed by CREDO–.04 in reading and .06 in math but let’s use the higher figure). CREDO itself warned about the arbitrariness of “days added”, and a growing number of researchers such as Cohen, Pogrow, Glass, and Berliner have found no evidence for the conversion of effect size to “days added”. Most importantly, these researchers have found that CREDO  significantly overstated the actual magnitude of growth for the effect size reported by several multiples.  Most researchers characterize any effect size below .2 as “difficult to detect” and too small to make claims about differences in results. See Stanley Pogrow https://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/2517 for a discussion of these points.

So I stand by my argument that the differences between urban charters and urban TPS are too small to be meaningful and certainly not large enough to support the claim that only charters and charter systems can significantly improve. Instead, let’s use both high-performing charters and TPS’s as exemplars for what all schools and districts should do to get better.

You never did refute the argument that, assuming comparable spreads, when you overlay the distribution of performance of charters and TPS’s, a .1 or .15 difference in the average has almost no effect on the percentage of schools scoring above the .5 level or medium effect level in the right side of either distribution. This means that comparable percentages of TPS and charters attain this level. Since there are many more TPS’s than charters the number of higher performing TPS schools is significantly higher than high-performing charters. This reality belies your claim that only charters and charter systems can effectively deliver high-performance. 

I think you arrived at these erroneous conclusions because of some basic flawed assumptions. 

You state: …in much of the country, low-performing charters are closed far more often than low-performing district schools. That’s a key part of my argument: Why would we promote a system that does not hold failing schools accountable, when we have an alternative approach that does?

1. You seem  to  think  that the only legitimate strategy for holding schools accountable and improve performance is to close low performers. You go so far as to assert that there can be no meaningful improvement efforts in the absence of such closures and that, since TPS districts have a difficult time closing their low-performing TPS schools, they can’t significantly improve. What evidence do you have for this extreme claim? As stated above that contention doesn’t square with the existence of large numbers of high-performing TPS. 

Moreover, while closing a school  is certainly one strategy to improve low performing schools, it is not the only one, not necessarily the best one, and it comes with severe collateral damage. Many of the non-charter driven districts or TPS high-performing schools described above got better by pursuing a “build and support” coherent strategy of strong curriculum and materials, investing in focused professional development, building capacity and team work around improving instruction, good site leadership, district support , etc. as I outlined in my original discussion with Mike Petrilli. (Indeed, many of the charter-driven districts such as Washington, DC also pursued a similar instructional improvement strategy so what caused improvements in these districts–the fact of closures or the impact of curriculum driven support initiatives?)

These positive approaches avoid the collateral damage caused by closing schools as part of a high-stakes test and punish accountability system.  Students are not commodities and when you rely on closing low-performing charter schools as a crucial element in improving the quality of overall charter performance, students who attended those schools suffer. You seem to be enamored of market-based solutions but what works in selling toothpaste doesn’t necessarily work in a public service where children are involved. If a toothpaste company goes out of business in a Schumpeter creative destruction the customer can shift brands. A student in a closed charter school, especially if it happens during the year, suffers significant hardship. The numbers of students stranded or being harmed by closures has become substantial. From 2001-2016 approximately 2500 charters have failed or closed involving almost 300,000 students. There are currently about 7000 charters so those which have closed are a significant proportion of the total. Quite a price to pay for improving the performance of the charter sector.

Alternatively, closing a TPS and replacing it with a charter also cause severe collateral damage such as destroying a a long-standing community institution and resource,  causing family and student disruption of relationships,  or forcing youngsters to take long bus rides or walk through hostile territory. Is this level of disruption and hardship worth the small or non-existent performance benefit of shifting to charters when there are effective, less destructive alternatives available?

2. Another major deficiency of a “close the low performers” accountability strategy is that the penalty is primarily based on test scores and fear of consequences which not only encourages gaming the system but too often results in narrowing the curriculum and diminishing learning. Too many charters have become test prep factories and, unfortunately, many TPS have also succumbed to the corrupting influence of high-stakes, test based accountability.  See Daniel Koretz’s The Testing Charade well-argued case against tests driving instruction instead of informing instruction.

Your stated premise is that the following combination of system elements creates the most rapid improvement in urban public schools: school autonomy, accountability (including closure or replacement), diversity of learning models, choice, operation by nonprofit organizations, and a concerted strategy to recruit and develop talent I don’t believe that premise withstands scrutiny as the only or even the best method of improving schools. I made this argument in the discussion with Mike Petrilli on the perils of high stakes test based accountability and the more effective alternative of a “build and support” approach.

For a fuller elucidation of these ideas on charters with supporting research visit 

TUDA

I’m not sure which of us is suffering from confirmation bias. I look at the TUDA results and see a mixed bag. To me you are cherry picking charter driven districts which scored high in NAEP growth and ignoring both charter-driven districts not scoring high and districts with limited charters which did well. It is true that if you average DC’s four scores they are at the top (but currently stalled) in growth with the caveat that they started extremely low so had more room to grow. But, although they scored very high in 4th grade reading growth, by eighth grade, which is more indicative of  eventual student performance, they are in the middle of the pack.  In math they were at the top of the heap in 4th grade and third in 8th grade. Even counting 8th and 4th grade equally and adding all four growth scores for the twelve years  as you did, Atlanta, San Diego, and Boston, with limited charters and starting from much higher performance levels than DC  were not that far from DC’s growth scores: DC +69: Atlanta +58; San Diego +42; Boston +32 and all significantly higher than the national growth gains of +15.

Some charter driven districts did not score well in the TUDA results. Some, such as Milwaukee not taking TUDA and emphasizing charters for years,  have also done poorly which offsets the claimed high performance of Denver.  Charter emphasis does not seem to be the determining factor between high and low growth. Conversely, there are a number of high performing and high growth districts which aren’t enrolled in TUDA but did as well as the districts you cite such as Long Beach, Garden Grove, and Sanger. Again charter/non-charter doesn’t seem to make the difference but what counts is the successful support and improvement strategies the high-flyers from both sectors pursued. 

New Orleans

I agree with you that test scores in New Orleans grew substantially in the past decade although they have flattened out recently. But there is a counter-narrative. The city schools started from an extremely low base and pre-Katrina were corrupt and mis-managed. However, even after the growth spurts they are still among the lowest scoring schools in the country. Moreover, the gains came at substantial cost; disrupting communities, resegregation, growth in inequality, and destruction of a main component of the black middle-class when all teachers were fired and many replaced by short-termers.  The growth has been skewed to the non-poverty schools, large numbers of schools received D’s and F’s from the charter friendly state, and the ACT scores have been disastrously low and dropping. How much growth was attributable to charters, a change in the socio-economic mix of students after Katrina or the substantial increase in per-pupil funding is an issue. A basic question is whether New Orleans needed to adopt such harmful measures to improve or would have achieved comparable growth with less stringent alternatives. For a more extended discussion of this counter-narrative on New Orleans written two years ago see the following excerpt from my website www.betterschools.com . Much recent scholarship supports these findings.

Lessons from New Orleans

In some extreme instances, states have privatized entire districts, converting all public schools to charter schools. A decade ago in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, the Louisiana forced New Orleans to follow this path. What ensued was the wholesale elimination of the public schools that were the center of many communities, the firing of most teachers, and the creation of nonaccountable institutions under the umbrella of the state-run New Orleans Recovery School District (RSD). Unquestionably, prior to Katrina the district was severely dysfunctional and one of lowest scoring in the country. But the drastic measures taken in the name of reform created new problems. This is tragic given that better, less disruptive alternatives could have been pursued.

The New Orleans experience has been hyped by reform advocates as an extraordinary success story and, until recently, uncritically covered by the media. Adam Johnson wrote an excellent critiqueof the fawning media coverage. More objective analysesof the RSD have questioned the purported gains and detailed significant collateral damage: hours-long bus rides and other hardships foisted on children, substantial resegregation, and unaccountable schools as well as community erosion and alienation.

Failing Grades

According to blogger and education activist Mercedes Schneider, one decade later most New Orleans Recovery School District (RSD) charter schools received Ds or Fs by a charter-friendly state education department. Out of 57 schools, 15 received Fs or were so low as to be in turnaround status; 17 received Ds; only 7 received Bs; and none earned an A. The RSD schools still rankamong the lowest-scoring schools in the country. Schneider also cites a recent report that showed only an embarrassing 12% of the high school students in the district who took the ACT college preparation test scored high enough under the state’s regent requirement to qualify for a Louisiana four-year college. Schneider has also debunked claimsof better-than-average graduation rates.

Other people have documented the continued extremely low performance of the RSD despite a decades’ worth of effort. Among them are Julian Vasquez Heiligand Andrea Gabor, who raised potent questions about the viability of the New Orleans model for reform when she wrote a response to the defenders of the district in TheNew York Times. See also “The Uncounted,” Owen Davis’s blog postthat raises the possibility that the New Orleans reform effort harmed the city’s most vulnerable children:

A decade after Hurricane Katrina spurred New Orleans to undertake a historic school reform experiment—a shift to a virtually all-charter district with unfettered parent choice—evidence of broader progress is shot through with signs that the district’s most vulnerable students were rebuffed, expelled, pushed out or lost altogether.

For another negative reporton the supposed success of the RSD, see Ten Years after Katrina, New Orleans’ All-Charter School System Has Proven a Failure.Finally, an editorial in The New Orleans Tribune, a major African-American newspaper, decried the reform efforts in New Orleans and its meager results.

In 2015, Frank Adamson, Channa Cook-Harvey, and Linda Darling-Hammond produced the most comprehensive and exhaustive examinationof the New Orleans experiment in districtwide charters. Whose Choice? Student Experiences and Outcomes in the New Orleans School Marketplace is their 72-page report developed for the Stanford Center on Opportunity Policy in Education (SCOPE). The authors came to conclusions similar to those I have previously discussed. The New Orleans experiment led to the creation of a stratified system, which more often than not produced low-quality education and was highly detrimental to large numbers of vulnerable students and their communities. They demonstrated that claims of increased performance for the RSD were not warranted and that schools in the RSD still scored extremely low on measures using accurate data.

Limited Gains and Unnecessary Damage

Even reports that found some progress demonstrate that in light of the extremely low starting point, the gains in New Orleanshave been minimal. After 10 years, the effect size ranges from only 0.2 to 0.4 SD—still leaving the district as one of the lowest scoring in the nation, with one of the country’s highest levels of economic and educational disparities according to race.

The alleged gainscould just as easily be attributed to the substantial increases in funding that occurred over the last decade or to changes in demographics since large numbers of low-achieving students left New Orleans after Katrina. Clearly, these small increases were hardly worth the major disruptions caused by closing just about every local school and firing 7,000 teachers, most of whom formed the backbone of the African-American middle class in the city. For a heart-wrenching accountof the callous treatment of New Orleans teachers, see “Death of My Career: What Happened to New Orleans’ Veteran Black Teachers?” in Education Weekand the extensive quotations in the SCOPE report cited above. For a forum with differing points of view on the New Orleans experience, see the Albert Shanker Institute’s series of conversations “Ten Years After the Deluge: The State of Public Education in New Orleans.” Finally, Charter Schools, Race, and Urban Space: Where the Market Meets Grassroots Resistance,by Kristen Buras (2014), provides a devastating look at the harm caused in New Orleans by the abandonment of public schools.

Unquestionably, some excellent charter schools have been created in New Orleans, and many dedicated teachers and principals are making heroic efforts to improve instruction. Yet better schools and outcomes could have been produced without such drastic measures. Even researchers who supported the reforms have declared that New Orleans should not be held up as a model for the nation.

David, again I hope we can agree on using what the most successful schools from both sectors have done to improve performance and avoid an unfruitful debate over whether the combination of charters, high-stakes accountability based on test scores, and radical decentralization is the only or best way to improve public education. Bill


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